Job 9:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked; he covers the faces of its judges— if it is not he, who then is it?

King James Bible
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, and who is he?

American Standard Version
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked; He covereth the faces of the judges thereof: If it be not he , who then is it?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked, he covereth the face of the judges thereof: and if it be not he, who is it then?

English Revised Version
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if it be not he, who then is it?

Webster's Bible Translation
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of its judges; if not, where, and who is he?

Job 9:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 If when I called He really answered,

I could not believe that He would hearken to me;

17 He would rather crush me in a tempest,

And only multiply my wounds without cause;

18 He would not suffer me to take my breath,

But would fill me with bitter things.

19 If it is a question of the strength of the strong - : "Behold here!"

And if of right - : "Who will challenge me?"

20 Where I in the right, my mouth must condemn me;

Were I innocent, He would declare me guilty.

The answer of God when called upon, i.e., summoned, is represented in Job 9:16 as an actual result (praet. followed by fut. consec.), therefore Job 9:16 cannot be intended to express: I could not believe that He answers me, but: I could not believe that He, the answerer, would hearken to me; His infinite exaltation would not permit such condescension. The אשׁר which follows, Job 9:17, signifies either quippe qui or quoniam; both shades of meaning are after all blended, as in Job 9:15. The question arises here whether שׁוף signifies conterere, or as cognate form with שׁאף, inhiare, - a question also of importance in the exposition of the Protevangelium. There are in all only three passages in which it occurs: here, Genesis 3:15, and Psalm 139:11. In Psalm 139:11 the meaning conterere is unsuitable, but even the signification inhiare can only be adopted for want of a better: perhaps it may be explained by comparison with צעף, in the sense of obvelare, or as a denominative from נשׁף (the verb of which, נשׁף, is kindred to נשׁב, נשׁם, flare) in the signification obtenebrare. In Genesis 3:15, if regarded superficially, the meaning inhiare and conterere are alike suitable, but the meaning inhiare deprives that utterance of God of its prophetic character, which has been recognised from the beginning; and the meaning conterere, contundere, is strongly supported by the translations. We decide in favour of this meaning also in the present passage, with the ancient translations (lxx ἐκτρίψῃ, Targ. מדקדּק, comminuens). Moreover, it is the meaning most generally supported by a comparison with the dialects, whereas the signification inhiare can only be sustained by comparison with שׁאף and the Arabic sâfa (to sniff, track by scent, to smell); besides, "to assail angrily" (Hirz., Ewald) is an inadmissible contortion of inhiare, which signifies in a hostile sense "to seize abruptly" (Schlottm.), properly to snatch, to desire to seize.

Translate therefore: He would crush me in a tempest and multiply (multiplicaret), etc., would not let me take breath (respirare), but (כּי, Ges. 155, 1, e. a.) fill me (ישׂבּיענּי, with Pathach with Rebia mugrasch) with bitter things (ממּררים, with Dag. dirimens, which gives the word a more pathetic expression). The meaning of Job 9:19 is that God stifles the attempt to maintain one's right in the very beginning by His being superior to the creature in strength, and not entering into a dispute with him concerning the right. הנּה (for הנּני as איּה, Job 15:23, for איּו): see, here I am, ready for the contest, is the word of God, similar to quis citare possit me (in Jeremiah 49:19; Jeremiah 50:44), which sounds as an echo of this passage. The creature must always be in the wrong, - a thought true in itself, in connection with which Job forgets that God's right in opposition to the creature is also always the true objective right. פּי, with suffix, accented to indicate its logical connection, as Job 15:6 : my own mouth.

(Note: Olshausen's conjecture, פּיו, lessens the difficulty in Isaiah 34:16, but here it destroys the strong expression of the violence done to the moral consciousness.)

In ויּעקשׁני the Chirek of the Hiphil is shortened to a Sheva, as 1 Samuel 17:25; vid., Ges. 53, rem. 4. The subject is God, not "my mouth" (Schlottm.): supposing that I were innocent, He would put me down as one morally wrong and to be rejected.

Job 9:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

earth

Job 12:6-10 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God brings abundantly...

Job 21:7-15 Why do the wicked live, become old, yes, are mighty in power...

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life...

Psalm 73:3-7 For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked...

Jeremiah 12:1,2 Righteous are you, O LORD, when I plead with you: yet let me talk with you of your judgments: Why does the way of the wicked prosper...

Daniel 4:17 This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones...

Daniel 5:18-21 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor...

Daniel 7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly...

*etc:

Habakkuk 1:14-17 And make men as the fishes of the sea, as the creeping things, that have no ruler over them...

he covereth

2 Samuel 15:30 And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot...

2 Samuel 19:4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!

Esther 6:12 And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hurried to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine...

Jeremiah 14:4 Because the ground is beat down, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads.

if not

Job 24:25 And if it be not so now, who will make me a liar, and make my speech nothing worth?

Job 32:2 Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled...

Cross References
Job 10:3
Does it seem good to you to oppress, to despise the work of your hands and favor the designs of the wicked?

Job 12:6
The tents of robbers are at peace, and those who provoke God are secure, who bring their god in their hand.

Job 12:17
He leads counselors away stripped, and judges he makes fools.

Job 16:11
God gives me up to the ungodly and casts me into the hands of the wicked.

Job 19:7
Behold, I cry out, 'Violence!' but I am not answered; I call for help, but there is no justice.

Job 21:7
Why do the wicked live, reach old age, and grow mighty in power?

Job 22:8
The man with power possessed the land, and the favored man lived in it.

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