Job 4:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Between morning and evening they are beaten to pieces; they perish forever without anyone regarding it.

King James Bible
They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding it.

American Standard Version
Betwixt morning and evening they are destroyed: They perish for ever without any regarding it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
From morning till evening they shall be cut down: and because no one understandeth, they shall perish for ever.

English Revised Version
Betwixt morning and evening they are destroyed: they perish for ever without any regarding it.

Webster's Bible Translation
They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding it.

Job 4:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 And a word reached me stealthily,

And my ear heard a whisper thereof.

13 In the play of thought, in visions of the night,

When deep sleep falleth on men,

14 Fear came upon me, and trembling;

And it caused the multitude of my bones to quake with fear.

15 And a breathing passed over my face;

16 It stood there, and I discerned not its appearance:

An image was before my eyes;

A gentle murmur, and I heard a voice.

The fut. יגגּב, like Judges 2:1; Psalm 80:9, is ruled by the following fut. consec.: ad me furtim delatum est (not deferebatur). Eliphaz does not say אלי ויגנּב (although he means a single occurrence), because he desires, with pathos, to put himself prominent. That the word came to him so secretly, and that he heard only as it were a whisper (שׁמץ, according to Arnheim, in distinction from שׁמע, denotes a faint, indistinct impression on the ear), is designed to show the value of such a solemn communication, and to arouse curiosity. Instead of the prosaic ממּנוּ, we find here the poetic pausal-form מנהוּ expanded from מנּוּ, after the form מנּי, Job 21:16; Psalm 18:23. מן is partitive: I heard only a whisper, murmur; the word was too sacred and holy to come loudly and directly to his ear. It happened, as he lay in the deep sleep of night, in the midst of the confusion of thought resulting from nightly dreams. שׂעפּים (from שׂעיף, branched) are thoughts proceeding like branches from the heart as their root, and intertwining themselves; the מן which follows refers to the cause: there were all manner of dreams which occasioned the thoughts, and to which they referred (comp. Job 33:15); תּרדּמה, in distinction from שׁנה, sleep, and תּנוּמה, slumber, is the deep sleep related to death and ecstasy, in which man sinks back from outward life into the remotest ground of his inner life. In Job 4:14, קראני, from קרא equals קרה, to meet (Ges. 75, 22), is equivalent to קרני (not קרני, as Hirz., first edition, wrongly points it; comp. Genesis 44:29). The subject of הפחיד is the undiscerned ghostlike something. Eliphaz was stretched upon his bed when רוּח, a breath of wind, passed (חלף( dessap, similar to Isaiah 21:1) over his face. The wind is the element by means of which the spirit-existence is made manifest; comp. 1 Kings 19:12, where Jehovah appears in a gentle whispering of the wind, and Acts 2:2, where the descent of the Holy Spirit is made known by a mighty rushing. רוּח, πνεῦμα, Sanscrit âtma, signifies both the immaterial spirit and the air, which is proportionately the most immaterial of material things.

(Note: On wind and spirit, vid., Windischmann, Die Philosophie im Fortgang der Weltgesch. S. 1331ff.)

His hair bristled up, even every hair of his body; סמּר, not causative, but intensive of Kal. יעמד has also the ghostlike appearance as subject. Eliphaz could not discern its outline, only a תמוּנה, imago quaedam (the most ethereal word for form, Numbers 12:8; Psalm 17:15, of μορφή or δόξα of God), was before his eyes, and he heard, as it were proceeding from it, רקל דּממה, i.e., per hendiadyn: a voice, which spoke to him in a gentle, whispering tone, as follows:

Job 4:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

destroyed. Heb. beaten in pieces.

2 Chronicles 15:6 And nation was destroyed of nation, and city of city: for God did vex them with all adversity.

*marg

from morning.

Isaiah 38:12,13 My age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life...

they perish.

Job 14:14 If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

Job 16:22 When a few years are come, then I shall go the way from where I shall not return.

Psalm 39:13 O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more.

Psalm 92:7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever:

without.

Job 18:17 His remembrance shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no name in the street.

Job 20:7 Yet he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where is he?

2 Chronicles 21:20 Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed without being desired...

Psalm 37:36 Yet he passed away, and, see, he was not: yes, I sought him, but he could not be found.

Proverbs 10:7 The memory of the just is blessed: but the name of the wicked shall rot.

Cross References
Job 14:2
He comes out like a flower and withers; he flees like a shadow and continues not.

Job 14:20
You prevail forever against him, and he passes; you change his countenance, and send him away.

Job 20:7
he will perish forever like his own dung; those who have seen him will say, 'Where is he?'

Isaiah 38:12
My dwelling is plucked up and removed from me like a shepherd's tent; like a weaver I have rolled up my life; he cuts me off from the loom; from day to night you bring me to an end;

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