Job 38:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Where is the way to the dwelling of light, and where is the place of darkness,

King James Bible
Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof,

American Standard Version
Where is the way to the dwelling of light? And as for darkness, where is the place thereof,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Where is the way where light dwelleth, and where is the place of darkness :

English Revised Version
Where is the way to the dwelling of light, and as for darkness, where is the place thereof;

Webster's Bible Translation
Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is its place,

Job 38:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 Hast thou in thy life commanded a morning,

Caused the dawn to know its place,

13 That it may take hold of the ends of the earth,

So that the evil-doers are shaken under it?

14 That it changeth like the clay of a signet-ring,

And everything fashioneth itself as a garment.

15 Their light is removed from the evil-doers,

And the out-stretched arm is broken.

The dawn of the morning, spreading out from one point, takes hold of the carpet of the earth as it were by the edges, and shakes off from it the evil-doers, who had laid themselves to rest upon it the night before. נער, combining in itself the significations to thrust and to shake, has the latter here, as in the Arab. nâ‛ûra, a water-wheel, which fills its compartments below in the river, to empty them out above. Instead of ידּעתּה שׁחר with He otians, the Keri substitutes ידּעתּ השׁחר. The earth is the subj. to Job 38:14: the dawn is like the signet-ring, which stamps a definite impress on the earth as the clay, the forms which floated in the darkness of the night become visible and distinguishable. The subj. to Job 38:14 are not morning and dawn (Schult.), still less the ends of the earth (Ew. with the conjecture: יתיבצו, "they become dazzlingly white"), but the single objects on the earth: the light of morning gives to everything its peculiar garb of light, so that, hitherto overlaid by a uniform darkness, they now come forth independently, they gradually appear in their variegated diversity of form and hue. In כּמו לבוּשׁ, לבוש is conceived as accusative (Arab. kemâ libâsan, or thauban), while in כלבושׁ (Psalm 104:6, instar vestis) it would be genitive. To the end of the strophe everything is under the logical government of the ל of purpose in Job 38:13. The light of the evil-doers is, according to Job 24:17, the darkness of the night, which is for them in connection with their works what the light of day is for other men. The sunrise deprives them, the enemies of light in the true sense (Job 24:13), of this light per antiphrasin, and the carrying out of their evil work, already prepared for, is frustrated. The ע of רשׁעים, Job 38:13 and Job 38:15, is תלויה עין [Ayin suspensum,] which is explained according to the Midrash thus: the רשׁעים, now עשׁירים (rich), become at a future time רשׁים (poor); or: God deprives them of the עין (light of the eye), by abandoning them to the darkness which they loved.

Job 38:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the way

Job 38:12,13 Have you commanded the morning since your days; and caused the dayspring to know his place...

Genesis 1:3,4,14-18 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light...

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven...

Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.

John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lights every man that comes into the world.

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that follows me shall not walk in darkness...

darkness

Psalm 18:11 He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.

Psalm 104:20 You make darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.

Psalm 105:28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble on the dark mountains, and...

Ezekiel 32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over you, and set darkness on your land, said the Lord GOD.

Amos 4:13 For, see, he that forms the mountains, and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, that makes the morning darkness...

Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land to the ninth hour.

Cross References
Job 26:10
He has inscribed a circle on the face of the waters at the boundary between light and darkness.

Job 38:18
Have you comprehended the expanse of the earth? Declare, if you know all this.

Job 38:20
that you may take it to its territory and that you may discern the paths to its home?

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