Job 33:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
then he opens the ears of men and terrifies them with warnings,

King James Bible
Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction,

American Standard Version
Then he openeth the ears of men, And sealeth their instruction,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then he openeth the ears of men, and teaching instructeth them in what they are to learn.

English Revised Version
Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction,

Webster's Bible Translation
Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction,

Job 33:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

8 Verily thou hast said in mine ears,

And I heard the sound of thy words:

9 "I am pure, without transgression;

"Spotless am I, and I have no guilt.

10 "Behold, He findeth malicious things against me,

"He regardeth me as His enemy;

11 "He putteth my feet in the stocks,

"He observeth all my paths."

12 Behold, therein thou art not right, I will answer thee,

For Eloah is too exalted for man.

With אך אמרתּ Elihu establishes the undeniable fact, whether it be that אך is intended as restrictive (only thou hast said, it is not otherwise than that thou ... ), or as we have translated, according to its primary meaning, affirmative (forsooth, it is undeniable). To say anything בּאזני of another is in Hebrew equivalent to not saying it secretly, and so as to be liable to misconstruction, but aloud and distinctly. In Job 33:9, Elihu falls back on Job's own utterances, as Job 9:21, תם אני; Job 16:17, תפלתי זכה; Job 12:4, where he calls himself צדיק תמים, comp. Job 10:7; Job 13:18, Job 13:23; Job 23:10, Job 27:5, Job 29:1, Job 31:1. The expression חף, tersus, did not occur in the mouth of Job; Geiger connects חף with the Arab. hanı̂f (vid., on Job 13:15); it is, however, the adj. of the Semitic verb חף, Arab. ḥff, to rub off, scrape off; Arab. to make smooth by scraping off the hair; Targ., Talm., Syr., to make smooth by washing and rubbing (after which Targ. שׁזיג, lotus).

(Note: Vid., Nldecke in Genfey's Zeitschrift, 1863, S. 383.)

אנכי has here, as an exception, retained its accentuation of the final syllable in pause. In Job 33:10 Elihu also makes use of a word that does not occur in Job's mouth, viz., תּנוּאות, which, according to Numbers 14:34, signifies "alienation," from נוּא (הניא), to hinder, restrain, turn aside, abalienare, Numbers 32:7; and according to the Arab. na'a (to rise heavily),

(Note: Nevertheless Zamachschari does not derive Arab. nâwâ, to treat with enmity, from Arab. n', but from nwy, so that nâwa fulânan signifies "to have evil designs against any one, to meditate evil against one." The phrases iluh ‛alêji nijât, he has evil intentions (wicked designs) against me, nı̂jetuh zerı̂je aleik, he has evil intentions against thee, and similar, are very common. - Wetzst.)

continued...

Job 33:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

openeth. Heb. revealeth. or, uncovereth

Job 36:10,15 He opens also their ear to discipline, and commands that they return from iniquity...

2 Samuel 7:27 For you, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, have revealed to your servant, saying, I will build you an house...

Psalm 40:6 Sacrifice and offering you did not desire; my ears have you opened: burnt offering and sin offering have you not required.

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes...

Isaiah 48:8 Yes, you heard not; yes, you knew not; yes, from that time that your ear was not opened...

Isaiah 50:5 The Lord GOD has opened my ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.

Luke 24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,

Acts 16:14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us...

sealeth

Nehemiah 9:38 And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal to it.

Romans 15:28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain.

Cross References
Matthew 2:12
And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way.

Job 33:17
that he may turn man aside from his deed and conceal pride from a man;

Job 36:10
He opens their ears to instruction and commands that they return from iniquity.

Job 36:15
He delivers the afflicted by their affliction and opens their ear by adversity.

Daniel 2:19
Then the mystery was revealed to Daniel in a vision of the night. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.

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