Job 33:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Why do you contend against him, saying, ‘He will answer none of man’s words’?

King James Bible
Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.

American Standard Version
Why dost thou strive against him, For that he giveth not account of any of his matters?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Dost thou strive against him, because he hath not answered thee to all words?

English Revised Version
Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.

Webster's Bible Translation
Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.

Job 33:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

4 The Spirit of God hath made me,

And the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

5 If thou canst, answer me,

Prepare in my presence, take thy stand!

6 Behold, I am like thyself, of God,

Formed out of clay am Ialso.

7 Behold, my terror shall not affright thee,

And my pressure shall not be heavy upon thee.

He has both in common with Job: the spirituality as well as the earthliness of man's nature; but by virtue of the former he does not, indeed, feel himself exalted above Job's person, but above the present standpoint taken up by Job; and in consideration of this, Job need not fear any unequal contest, nor as before God, Job 9:34; Job 13:21, in order that he may be able to defend himself against Him, make it a stipulation that His majesty may not terrify him. It is man's twofold origin which Elihu, Job 33:4, Job 33:6, gives utterance to in harmony with Genesis 2:7 : the mode of man's origin, which is exalted above that of all other earthly beings that have life; for the life of the animal is only the individualizing of the breath of the Divine Spirit already existing in matter. The spirit of man, on the contrary (for which the language has reserved the name נשׁמה), is an inspiration directly coming forth from God the personal being, transferred into the bodily frame, and therefore forming a person.

(Note: God took a small piece of His own life - says the tradition among the Karens, a scattered tribe of Eastern India - blew into the nostrils of His son and daughter, and they became living beings, and were really human.)

In the exalted consciousness of having been originated by the Spirit of God, and being endowed with life from the inbreathed breath of the Almighty, Elihu stands invincible before Job: if thou canst, refute me (השׁיב with acc. of the person, as Job 33:32); array thyself (ערכה for ערכה, according to Ges. 63, rem. 1) before me (here with the additional thought of מלחמה, as Job 23:4, in a forensic sense with משׁפּט), place thyself in position, or take thy post (imper. Hithpa. with the ah less frequent by longer forms, Ew. 228, a).

On the other side, he also, like Job, belongs to God, i.e., is dependent and conditioned. הן־אני is to be written with Segol (not Ssere); לאל is intended like לו, Job 12:16; and כּפיך signifies properly, according to thine utterance, i.e., standard, in accordance with, i.e., like thee, and is used even in the Pentateuch (e.g., Exodus 16:21) in this sense pro ratione; כפי, Job 30:18, we took differently. He, Elihu, is also nipped from the clay, i.e., taken from the earth, as when the potter nips off a piece of his clay (comp. Aram. קרץ, a piece, Arab. qurs, a bread-cake, or a dung-cake, vid., supra, p. 449, from qarasa, to pinch off, take off, cogn. qarada, to gnaw off, cut off, p. 512). Thus, therefore, no terribleness in his appearing will disconcert Job, and his pressure will not be a burden upon him. By a comparison of Job 13:21, it might seem that אכפּי is equivalent to כּפּי (lxx ἡ χείρ μου), but כּבד is everywhere connected only with יד, never with כּף; and the ἁπ. γεγρ. is explained according to Proverbs 16:26, where אכף signifies to oppress, drive (Jer. compulit), and from the dialects differently, for in Syr. ecaf signifies to be anxious about anything (ecaf li, it causes me anxiety, curae mihi est), and in Arab. accafa, to saddle, ucâf, Talmud. אוּכּף, a saddle, so that consequently the Targ. translation of אכפּי by טוּני, my burden, and the Syr. by אוכפני, my pressing forward (Arabic version iqbâli, my touch), are supported, since אכף signifies pressure, heavy weight, load, and burden; according to which it is also translated by Saad. (my constraint), Gecat. (my might). It is therefore not an opponent who is not on an equality with him by nature, with whom Job has to do. If he is not able to answer him, he will have to be considered as beaten.

Job 33:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

strive

Job 9:14 How much less shall I answer him, and choose out my words to reason with him?

Job 15:25,26 For he stretches out his hand against God, and strengthens himself against the Almighty...

Isaiah 45:9 Woe to him that strives with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth...

Jeremiah 50:24 I have laid a snare for you, and you are also taken, O Babylon, and you were not aware: you are found, and also caught...

Ezekiel 22:14 Can your heart endure, or can your hands be strong, in the days that I shall deal with you? I the LORD have spoken it, and will do it.

Acts 5:39 But if it be of God, you cannot overthrow it; lest haply you be found even to fight against God.

Acts 9:4,5 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, Saul, why persecute you me...

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

giveth not account. Heb. answereth not

Job 40:2 Shall he that contends with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproves God, let him answer it.

Deuteronomy 29:29 The secret things belong to the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children for ever...

Psalm 62:11 God has spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongs to God.

Isaiah 46:10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand...

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he does according to his will in the army of heaven...

Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own? Is your eye evil, because I am good?

Acts 1:7 And he said to them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father has put in his own power.

Romans 11:34 For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

Cross References
Romans 9:20
But who are you, O man, to answer back to God? Will what is molded say to its molder, "Why have you made me like this?"

Job 11:7
"Can you find out the deep things of God? Can you find out the limit of the Almighty?

Job 40:2
"Shall a faultfinder contend with the Almighty? He who argues with God, let him answer it."

Isaiah 45:9
"Woe to him who strives with him who formed him, a pot among earthen pots! Does the clay say to him who forms it, 'What are you making?' or 'Your work has no handles'?

Jump to Previous
Account Answers Cause Complain Contend Doings Forward Gives Matters Strive Striven Will Words
Jump to Next
Account Answers Cause Complain Contend Doings Forward Gives Matters Strive Striven Will Words
Links
Job 33:13 NIV
Job 33:13 NLT
Job 33:13 ESV
Job 33:13 NASB
Job 33:13 KJV

Job 33:13 Bible Apps
Job 33:13 Biblia Paralela
Job 33:13 Chinese Bible
Job 33:13 French Bible
Job 33:13 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 33:12
Top of Page
Top of Page