Job 31:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
if I have eaten its yield without payment and made its owners breathe their last,

King James Bible
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

American Standard Version
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, Or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have afflicted the soul of the tillers thereof:

English Revised Version
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Webster's Bible Translation
If I have eaten the fruits of it without money, or have caused its owners to lose their life:

Job 31:39 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

33 If I have hidden my wickedness like Adam,

Concealing my guilt in my bosom,

34 Because I feared the great multitude

And the contempt of families affrighted me,

So that I acted secretly, went not out of the door. -

Most expositors translate כּאדם: after the manner of men; but appropriate as this meaning of the expression is in Psalm 82:7, in accordance with the antithesis and the parallelism (which see), it would be as tame here, and altogether expressionless in the parallel passage Hosea 6:7 -

(Note: Pusey also (The Minor Prophets with Commentary, P. i. 1861) improves "like men" by translating "like Adam.")

the passage which comes mainly under consideration here - since the force of the prophetic utterance: "they have כאדם transgressed the covenant," consists in this, "that Israel is accused of a transgression which is only to be compared to that of the first man created: here, as there, a like transgression of the expressed will of God" (von Hofmann, Schriftbeweis, i. 412f.); as also, according to Romans 5:14, Israel's transgression is that fact in the historical development of redemption which stands by the side of Adam's transgression. And the mention of Adam in Hosea cannot surprise one, since he also shows himself in other respects to be familiar with the contents of Genesis, and to refer back to it (vid., Genesis, S. 11-13). Still much less surprising is such a reference to primeval history in a book that belongs to the literature of the Chokma (vid., Introduction, 2). The descent of the human race from a single pair, and the fall of those first created, are, moreover, elements in all the ancient traditions; and it is questionable whether the designation of men by beni Adama (children of Adam), among the Moslems, first sprang from the contact of Judaism and Christianity, or whether it was not rather an old Arabic expression. Therefore we translate with Targ., Schult., Boullier, Rosenm., Hitz., Kurtz, and von Hofm.: if I have hidden (disowned) like Adam my transgression. The point of comparison is only the sinner's dread of the light, which became prominent as the prototype for every succeeding age in Adam's hiding himself. The לטמון which follows is meant not so much as indicating the aim, as gerundive (abscondendo); on this use of the inf. constr. with ל, vid., Ew. 280, d. חב, bosom, is ἁπ. γεγρ.; Ges. connects it with the Arab. habba, to love; it is, however, to be derived from the חב, occulere, whence chabı̂be, that which is deep within, a deep valley (comp. חבא, chabaa, with their derivatives); in Aramaic it is the common word for the Hebr. חיק.

Job 31:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fruits. Heb. strength

Genesis 4:12 When you till the ground, it shall not from now on yield to you her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shall you be in the earth.

caused the owners thereof to lose their life. Heb. caused the soul of the owners thereof to expire, or breathe out

1 Kings 21:13-16,19 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, even against Naboth...

Proverbs 1:19 So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which takes away the life of the owners thereof.

Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD comes out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity...

Ezekiel 22:6,12,13 Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in you to their power to shed blood...

Cross References
James 5:4
Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, are crying out against you, and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts.

1 Kings 21:19
And you shall say to him, 'Thus says the LORD, "Have you killed and also taken possession?"' And you shall say to him, 'Thus says the LORD: "In the place where dogs licked up the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick your own blood."'"

Job 24:6
They gather their fodder in the field, and they glean the vineyard of the wicked man.

Job 24:10
They go about naked, without clothing; hungry, they carry the sheaves;

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