Job 31:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
what then shall I do when God rises up? When he makes inquiry, what shall I answer him?

King James Bible
What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

American Standard Version
What then shall I do when God riseth up? And when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

Douay-Rheims Bible
For what shall I do when God shall rise to judge? and when he shall examine, what shall I answer him?

English Revised Version
What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

Webster's Bible Translation
What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

Job 31:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

5 If I had intercourse with falsehood,

And my foot hastened after deceit:

6 Let Him weigh me in the balances of justice,

And let Eloah know my innocence.

7 If my steps turned aside from the way,

And my heart followed mine eyes,

And any spot hath cleaved to my hands:

8 May I sow and another eat,

And let my shoots be rooted out.

We have translated שׁוא (on the form vid., on Job 15:31, and the idea on Job 11:11) falsehood, for it signifies desolateness and hollowness under a concealing mask, therefore the contradiction between what is without and within, lying and deceit, parall. מרמה, deceit, delusion, imposition. The phrase הלך עם־שׁוא is based on the personification of deceit, or on thinking of it in connection with the מתי־שׁוא (Job 11:11). The form ותּחשׁ cannot be derived from חוּשׁ, from which it ought to be ותּחשׁ, like ויּסר Judges 4:18 and freq., ויּשׂר (serravit) 1 Chronicles 20:3, ויּעט (increpavit) 1 Samuel 25:14. Many grammarians (Ges. 72, rem. 9; Olsh. 257, g) explain the Pathach instead of Kametz as arising from the virtual doubling of the guttural (Dagesh forte implicitum), for which, however, no ground exists here; Ewald (232, b) explains it by "the hastening of the tone towards the beginning," which explains nothing, since the retreat of the tone has not this effect anywhere else. We must content ourselves with the supposition that ותּחשׁ is formed from a חשׁה having a similar meaning to חוּשׁ (חישׁ), as also ויּעט, 1 Samuel 15:19, comp. 1 Samuel 14:32, is from a עטח of similar signification with עיט. The hypothetical antecedent, Job 31:5, is followed by the conclusion, Job 31:6 : If he have done this, may God not spare him. He has, however, not done it; and if God puts him to an impartial trial, He will learn his תּמּה, integritas, purity of character. The "balance of justice" is the balance of the final judgment, which the Arabs call Arab. mı̂zân 'l-a‛mâl, "the balance of actions (works)."

(Note: The manual of ethics by Ghazzli is entitled mı̂zân el-a‛mâl in the original, מאזני צדק in Bar-Chisdai's translation, vid., Gosche on Ghazzli's life and works, S. 261 of the volume of the Berliner Akademie d. Wissensch. for 1858.)

Job 31:7 also begins hypothetically: if my steps (אשּׁוּרי from אשּׁוּר, which is used alternately with אשׁוּר without distinction, contrary to Ew. 260, b) swerve (תּטּה, the predicate to the plur. which follows, designating a thing, according to Ges. 146, 3) from the way (i.e., the one right way), and my heart went after my eyes, i.e., if it followed the drawing of the lust of the eye, viz., to obtain by deceit or extortion the property of another, and if a spot (מאוּם, macula, as Daniel 1:4, equals מוּם, Job 11:15; according to Ew., equivalent to מחוּם, what is blackened and blackens, then a blemish, and according to Olsh., in מאוּמה...לא, like the French ne ... point) clave to my hands: I will sow, and let another eat, and let my shoots be rooted out. The poet uses צאצאים elsewhere of offspring of the body or posterity, Job 5:25; Job 21:8; Job 27:14; here, however, as in Isaiah, with whom he has this word in common, Job 34:2; Job 42:5, the produce of the ground is meant. Job 31:8 is, according to John 4:37, a λόγος, a proverb. In so far as he may have acted thus, Job calls down upon himself the curse of Deuteronomy 38:20f.: what he sows, let strangers reap and eat; and even when that which is sown does not fall into the hands of strangers, let it be uprooted.

Job 31:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

What then

Job 9:32 For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgment.

Job 10:2 I will say to God, Do not condemn me; show me why you contend with me.

Psalm 7:6 Arise, O LORD, in your anger, lift up yourself because of the rage of my enemies...

Psalm 9:12,19 When he makes inquisition for blood, he remembers them: he forgets not the cry of the humble...

Psalm 10:12-15 Arise, O LORD; O God, lift up your hand: forget not the humble...

Psalm 44:21 Shall not God search this out? for he knows the secrets of the heart.

Psalm 76:9 When God arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. Selah.

Psalm 143:2 And enter not into judgment with your servant: for in your sight shall no man living be justified.

Isaiah 10:3 And what will you do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will you flee for help?...

Zechariah 2:13 Be silent, O all flesh, before the LORD: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.

when he

Hosea 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompense are come; Israel shall know it: the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man is mad...

Micah 7:4 The best of them is as a brier: the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge: the day of your watchmen and your visitation comes...

Mark 7:2 And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they found fault.

James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; and mercy rejoices against judgment.

what shall

Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

Cross References
Job 31:13
"If I have rejected the cause of my manservant or my maidservant, when they brought a complaint against me,

Job 31:15
Did not he who made me in the womb make him? And did not one fashion us in the womb?

Isaiah 10:3
What will you do on the day of punishment, in the ruin that will come from afar? To whom will you flee for help, and where will you leave your wealth?

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