Job 30:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You lift me up on the wind; you make me ride on it, and you toss me about in the roar of the storm.

King James Bible
Thou liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride upon it, and dissolvest my substance.

American Standard Version
Thou liftest me up to the wind, thou causest me to ride upon it ; And thou dissolvest me in the storm.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast lifted me up, and set me as it were upon the wind, and thou hast mightily dashed me.

English Revised Version
Thou liftest me up to the wind, thou causest me to ride upon it; and thou dissolvest me in the storm.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride upon it, and dissolvest my substance.

Job 30:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 And now my soul is poured out within me,

Days of suffering hold me fast.

17 The night rendeth my bones from me,

And my gnawers sleep not.

18 By great force my garment is distorted,

As the collar of my shirt it encompasseth me.

19 He hath cast me into the mire,

And I am in appearance as dust and ashes.

With this third ועתּה (Job 30:1, Job 30:9) the elegiac lament over the harsh contrast between the present and the past begins for the third time. The dash after our translation of the second and fourth strophes will indicate that a division of the elegy ends there, after which it begins as it were anew. The soul is poured out within a man (עלי as Job 10:1, Psychol. S. 152), when, "yielding itself without resistance to sadness, it is dejected to the very bottom, and all its organization flows together, and it is dissolved in the one condition of sorrow" - a figure which is not, however, come about by water being regarded as the symbol of the soul (thus Hitzig on Psalm 42:5), but rather by the intimate resemblance of the representation of a flood of tears (Lamentations 2:19): the life of the soul flows in the blood, and the anguish of the soul in tears and lamentations; and since the outward man is as it were dissolved in the gently flowing tears (Isaiah 15:3), his soul flows away as it were in itself, for the outward incident is but the manifestation and result of an inward action. ימי־עני we have translated days of suffering, for עני, with its verb and the rest of its derivatives, is the proper word for suffering, and especially the passion of the Servant of Jehovah. Days of suffering - Job complains - hold him fast; עחז unites in itself, like החזיק, the significations prehendere and prehensum tenere. In Job 30:17 we must not, with Arnh. and others, translate: by night it (affliction) pierces ... , for עני does not stand sufficiently in the foreground to be the subject of what follows; it might sooner be rendered: by night it is pierced through (Targ., Rosenm., Hahn); but why is not לילה to be the subject, and נקּר consequently Piel (not Niph.)? The night has been personified already, Job 3:2; and in general, as Herder once said, Job is the brother of Ossian for personifications: Night (the restless night, Job 7:3, in which every malady, or at least the painful feeling of it, increases) pierces his bones from him, i.e., roots out his limbs (synon. בּדּים, Job 18:13) so inwardly and completely. The lepra Arabica (Arab. 'l-brṣ, el-baras) terminates, like syphilis, with an eating away of the limbs, and the disease has its name Arab. juḏâm from jḏm, truncare, mutilare: it feeds on the bones, and destroys the body in such a manner that single limbs are completely detached.

In Job 30:17, lxx (νεῦρα), Parchon, Kimchi, and others translate ערקי according to the Targum. ערקין ( equals גּידים), and the Arab. ‛rûq, veins, after which Blumenf.: my veins are in constant motion. But ערקי in the sense of Job 30:3 : my gnawers (Jer. qui me comedunt, Targ. דּמעסּן יתי, qui me conculcant, conterunt), is far more in accordance with the predicate and the parallelism, whether it be gnawing pains that are thought of - pains are unnatural to man, they come upon him against his will, he separates them from himself as wild beasts - or, which we prefer, those worms (רמּה, Job 7:5) which were formed in Job's ulcers (comp. Aruch, ערקא, a leech, plur. ערקתא, worms, e.g., in the liver), and which in the extra-biblical tradition of Job's decease are such a standing feature, that the pilgrims to Job's monastery even now-a-days take away with them thence these supposedly petrified worms of Job.

(Note: In Mugir ed-dn's large history of Jerusalem and Hebron (kitâb el-ins el-gelı̂l), in an article on Job, we read: God had so visited him in his body, that he got the disease that devours the limbs (tegedhdhem), and worms were produced (dawwad) in the wounds, while he lay on a dunghill (mezbele), and except his wife, who tended him, no one ventured to come too near him. In a beautiful Kurdic ballad "on the basket dealer" (zembilfrosh), which I have obtained from the Kurds in Salihje, are these words:

Veki Gergis beshara beri

Jusuf veki abdan keri

Bikesr' Ejub kurman deri

continued...

Job 30:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

liftest me

Job 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carries away.

Psalm 1:4 The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind drives away.

Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off...

Jeremiah 4:11,12 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem...

Ezekiel 5:2 You shall burn with fire a third part in the middle of the city, when the days of the siege are fulfilled...

Hosea 4:19 The wind has bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.

Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud and as the early dew that passes away...

to ride

Psalm 18:10 And he rode on a cherub, and did fly: yes, he did fly on the wings of the wind.

Psalm 104:3 Who lays the beams of his chambers in the waters: who makes the clouds his chariot: who walks on the wings of the wind:

substance. or, wisdom

Cross References
Job 9:17
For he crushes me with a tempest and multiplies my wounds without cause;

Job 27:21
The east wind lifts him up and he is gone; it sweeps him out of his place.

Psalm 102:10
because of your indignation and anger; for you have taken me up and thrown me down.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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