Job 22:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But you say, ‘What does God know? Can he judge through the deep darkness?

King James Bible
And thou sayest, How doth God know? can he judge through the dark cloud?

American Standard Version
And thou sayest, What doth God know? Can he judge through the thick darkness?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou sayst: What doth God know? and he judgeth as it were through a mist.

English Revised Version
And thou sayest, What doth God know? can he judge through the thick darkness?

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou sayest, How doth God know? can he judge through the dark cloud?

Job 22:13 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 For thou distrainedst thy brother without cause,

And the clothes of the naked thou strippedst off.

7 Thou gavest no water to the languishing,

And thou refusedst bread to the hungry.

8 And the man of the arm-the land was his,

And the honourable man dwelt therein.

9 Thou sentest widows away empty,

And the arms of the orphan are broken.

The reason of exceeding great suffering most be exceeding great sins. Job must have committed such sins as are here cited; therefore Eliphaz directly attributes guilt to him, since he thinks thus to tear down the disguise of the hypocrite. The strophe contains no reference to the Mosaic law: the compassionate Mosaic laws respecting duties towards widows and orphans, and the poor who pledge their few and indispensable goods, may have passed before the poet's mind; but it is not safe to infer it from the expression. As specific Mohammedan commandments among the wandering tribes even in the present day have no sound, so the poet dare not assume, in connection with the characters of his drama, any knowledge, of the Sinaitic law; and of this he remains conscious throughout: their standpoint is and remains that of the Abrahamic faith, the primary commands (later called the ten commands of piety, el-felâhh) of which were amply sufficient for stigmatizing that to which this strophe gives prominence as sin. It is only the force of the connection of the matter here which gives the futt. which follow כי a retrospective meaning. חבל is connected either with the accusative of the thing for which the pledge is taken, as in the law, which meets a response in the heart, Exodus 22:25.; or with the accus. of the person who is seized, as here אחיך; or, if this is really (as Br asserts) a mistake that has gained a footing, which has Codd. and old printed editions against it, rather אחיך. lxx, Targ., Syr., and Jer. read the word as plural. ערוּמים (from ערום), like γυμνοί, James 2:15, nudi (comp. Seneca, de beneficiis, v. 13: si quis male vestitum et pannosum videt, nudum se vidisse dicit), are, according to our mode of expression, the half-naked, only scantily (vid., Isaiah 20:2) clothed.

Job 22:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

How. or, What. doth God know

Psalm 10:11 He has said in his heart, God has forgotten: he hides his face; he will never see it.

Psalm 59:7 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, does hear?

Psalm 73:11 And they say, How does God know? and is there knowledge in the most High?

Psalm 94:7-9 Yet they say, The LORD shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard it...

Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he to me, Son of man, have you seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark...

Ezekiel 9:9 Then said he to me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood...

Zephaniah 1:12 And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees...

Cross References
Psalm 10:11
He says in his heart, "God has forgotten, he has hidden his face, he will never see it."

Psalm 59:7
There they are, bellowing with their mouths with swords in their lips-- for "Who," they think, "will hear us?"

Psalm 64:5
They hold fast to their evil purpose; they talk of laying snares secretly, thinking, "Who can see them?"

Psalm 73:11
And they say, "How can God know? Is there knowledge in the Most High?"

Psalm 94:7
and they say, "The LORD does not see; the God of Jacob does not perceive."

Psalm 139:11
If I say, "Surely the darkness shall cover me, and the light about me be night,"

Isaiah 29:15
Ah, you who hide deep from the LORD your counsel, whose deeds are in the dark, and who say, "Who sees us? Who knows us?"

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