Job 19:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These ten times you have cast reproach upon me; are you not ashamed to wrong me?

King James Bible
These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed that ye make yourselves strange to me.

American Standard Version
These ten times have ye reproached me: Ye are not ashamed that ye deal hardly with me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold, these ten times you confound me, and are not ashamed to oppress me.

English Revised Version
These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed that ye deal hardly with me.

Webster's Bible Translation
These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed that ye make yourselves strange to me.

Job 19:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 His roots wither beneath,

And above his branch is lopped off.

17 His remembrance is vanished from the land,

And he hath no name far and wide on the plain;

18 They drive him from light into darkness,

And chase him out of the world.

19 He hath neither offspring nor descendant among his people,

Nor is there an escaped one in his dwellings.

The evil-doer is represented under the figure of a plant, Job 18:16, as we have had similar figures already, Job 8:16., Job 15:30, Job 15:32.;

(Note: To such biblical figures taken from plants, according to which root and branch are become familiar in the sense of ancestors and descendants (comp. Sir. 23:25, 40:15; Wisd. 4:3-5; Romans 11:16), the arbor consanguineitatis, which is not Roman, but is become common in the Christian refinement of the Roman right, may be traced back; the first trace of this is found in Isidorus Hispalensis (as also the Cabbalistic tree אילן, which represents the Sephir-genealogy, has its origin in Spain).)

his complete extirpation is like the dying off of the root and of the branch, as Amos 2:9; Isaiah 5:24, and "let him not have a root below and a branch above" in the inscription on the sarcophagus of Eschmunazar. Here we again meet with ימּל, the proper meaning of which is so disputed; it is translated by the Targ. (as by us) as Niph. יתמולל, but the meaning "to wither" is near at hand, which, as we said on Job 14:2, may be gained as well from the primary notion "to fall to pieces" (whence lxx ἐπιπεσεῖται), as from the primary notion "to parch, dry." אמל (whence אמלל, formed after the manner of the Arabic IX. form, usually of failing; vid., Caspari, 59) offers a third possible explanation; it signifies originally to be long and lax, to let anything hang down, and thence in Arab. (amala) to hope, i.e., to look out into the distance. Not the evil-doer's family alone is rooted out, but also his memory. With חוּץ, a very relative notion, both the street outside in front of the house (Job 31:32), and the pasture beyond the dwelling (Job 5:10), are described; here it is to be explained according to Proverbs 8:26 (ארץ וחוצות), where Hitz. remarks: "The lxx translates correctly ἀοικήτους. The districts beyond each persons' land, which also belong to no one else, the desert, whither one goes forth, is meant." So ארץ seems also here (comp. Job 30:8) to denote the land that is regularly inhabited - Job himself is a large proprietor within the range of a city (Job 29:7) - and חוץ the steppe traversed by the wandering tribes which lies out beyond. Thus also the Syr. version transl. 'al apai barito, over the plain of the desert, after which the Arabic version is el-barrı̂je (the synon. of bedw, bâdije, whence the name of the Beduin

(Note: The village with its meadow-land is el-beled wa 'l-berr. The arable land, in distinction from the steppe, is el-ardd el-âmira, and the steppe is el-berrı̂je. If both are intended, ardd can be used alone. Used specially, el-berrı̂je is the proper name for the great Syrian desert; hence the proverb: el-hhurrı̂je fi 'l-berrı̇je, there is freedom in the steppe (not in towns and villages). - Wetzst.)).

What is directly said in Job 18:17 is repeated figuratively in Job 18:18; as also what has been figuratively expressed in Job 18:16 is repeated in Job 18:19 without figure. The subj. of the verbs in Job 18:18 remains in the background, as Job 4:19; Psalm 63:11; Luke 12:20 : they thrust him out of the light (of life, prosperity, and fame) into the darkness (of misfortune, death, and oblivion); so that the illustris becomes not merely ignobilis, but totally ignotus, and they hunt him forth (ינדּהוּ from the Hiph. הנד of the verb נדד, instead of which it might also be ינדהו from נדּה, they banish him) out of the habitable world (for this is the signification of תּבל, the earth as built upon and inhabited). There remains to him in his race neither sprout nor shoot; thus the rhyming alliteration נין and נכד (according to Luzzatto on Isaiah 14:22, used only of the descendants of persons in high rank, and certainly a nobler expression than our rhyming pairs: Germ. Stumpf und Stiel, Mann und Maus, Kind und Kegel). And there is no escaped one (as Deuteronomy 2:34 and freq., Arab. shârid, one fleeing; sharûd, a fugitive) in his abodes (מגוּר, as only besides Psalm 55:16). Thus to die away without descendant and remembrance is still at the present day among the Arab races that profess Dı̂n Ibrâhı̂m (the religion of Abraham) the most unhappy thought, for the point of gravitation of continuance beyond the grave is transferred by them to the immortality of the righteous in the continuance of his posterity and works in this world (vid., supra, p. 386); and where else should it be at the time of Job, since no revelation had as yet drawn the curtain aside from the future world? Now follows the declamatory conclusion of the speech.

Job 19:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ten times

Genesis 31:7 And your father has deceived me, and changed my wages ten times; but God suffered him not to hurt me.

Leviticus 26:26 And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven...

Numbers 14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness...

Nehemiah 4:12 And it came to pass, that when the Jews which dwelled by them came, they said to us ten times...

Daniel 1:20 And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king inquired of them...

ye reproached

Job 4:6-11 Is not this your fear, your confidence, your hope, and the uprightness of your ways...

Job 5:3,4 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation...

Job 8:4-6 If your children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their transgression...

Job 11:3,14 Should your lies make men hold their peace? and when you mock, shall no man make you ashamed...

Job 15:4-6,11,12 Yes, you cast off fear, and restrain prayer before God...

Job 18:4 He tears himself in his anger: shall the earth be forsaken for you? and shall the rock be removed out of his place?

*etc

make yourselves strange to me. or, harden yourselves against me

Job 19:17 My breath is strange to my wife, though I entreated for the children's sake of my own body.

Genesis 42:7 And Joseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange to them, and spoke roughly to them; and he said to them...

Psalm 69:8 I am become a stranger to my brothers, and an alien to my mother's children.

Cross References
Job 19:2
"How long will you torment me and break me in pieces with words?

Job 19:4
And even if it be true that I have erred, my error remains with myself.

Job 20:3
I hear censure that insults me, and out of my understanding a spirit answers me.

Daniel 1:20
And in every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters that were in all his kingdom.

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