Job 19:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My bones stick to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

King James Bible
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

American Standard Version
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, And I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The flesh being consumed. My bone hath cleaved to my skin, and nothing but lips are left about my teeth.

English Revised Version
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Webster's Bible Translation
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Job 19:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 His troops came together,

And threw up their way against me,

And encamped round about my tent.

13 My brethren hath He removed far from me,

And my acquaintance are quite estranged from me.

14 My kinsfolk fail,

And those that knew me have forgotten me.

15 The slaves of my house and my maidens,

They regard me as a stranger,

I am become a perfect stranger in their eyes.

It may seem strange that we do not connect Job 19:12 with the preceding strophe or group of verses; but between Job 19:7 and Job 19:21 there are thirty στίχοι, which, in connection with the arrangement of the rest of this speech in decastichs (accidentally coinciding remarkably with the prominence given to the number ten in Job 19:3), seem intended to be divided into three decastichs, and can be so divided without doing violence to the connection. While in Job 19:12, in connection with Job 19:11, Job describes the course of the wrath, which he has to withstand as if he were an enemy of God, in Job 19:13. he refers back to the degradation complained of in Job 19:9. In Job 19:12 he compares himself to a besieged (perhaps on account of revolt) city. God's גדוּדים (not: bands of marauders, as Dietr. interprets, but: troops, i.e., of regular soldiers, synon. of צבא, Job 10:17, comp. Job 25:3; Job 29:25, from the root גד, to unite, join, therefore prop. the assembled, a heap; vid., Frst's Handwrterbuch) are the bands of outwards and inward sufferings sent forth against him for a combined attack (יחד). Heaping up a way, i.e., by filling up the ramparts, is for the purpose of making the attack upon the city with battering-rams (Job 16:14) and javelins, and then the storm, more effective (on this erection of offensive ramparts (approches), called elsewhere שׁפך סללה, vid., Keil's Archologie, 159). One result of this condition of siege in which God's wrath has placed him is that he is avoided and despised as one smitten of God: neither love and fidelity, nor obedience and dependence, meet him from any quarter. What he has said in Job 17:6, that he is become a byword and an abomination (an object to spit upon), he here describes in detail. There is no ground for understanding אחי in the wider sense of relations; brethren is meant here, as in Psalm 69:9. He calls his relations קרובי, as Psalm 38:12. ידעי are (in accordance with the pregnant biblical use of this word in the sense of nosse cum affectu et effectu) those who know him intimately (with objective suff. as Psalm 87:4), and מידּעי, as Psalm 31:12, and freq., those intimately known to him; both, therefore, so-called heart-or bosom-friends. בּיתי גּרי Jer. well translates inquilinin domus meae; they are, in distinction from those who by birth belong to the nearer and wider circle of the family, persons who are received into this circle as servants, as vassals (comp. Exodus 3:22, and Arabic jâr, an associate, one sojourning in a strange country under the protection of its government, a neighbour), here espec. the domestics. The verb תּחשׁבוּני (Ges. 60) is construed with the nearest feminine subject. These people, who ought to thank him for taking them into his house, regard him as one who does not belong to it (זר); he is looked upon by them as a perfect stranger (נכרי), as an intruder from another country.

Job 19:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bone

Job 30:30 My skin is black on me, and my bones are burned with heat.

Job 33:19-22 He is chastened also with pain on his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain...

Psalm 22:14-17 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the middle of my bowels...

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long...

Psalm 38:3 There is no soundness in my flesh because of your anger; neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin.

Psalm 102:3,5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth...

Lamentations 4:8 Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin sticks to their bones; it is withered...

and to. or, as. and I

Amos 2:4-6 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

Amos 7:5 Then said I, O Lord GOD, cease, I beseech you: by whom shall Jacob arise? for he is small.

Lamentations 3:4 My flesh and my skin has he made old; he has broken my bones.

Lamentations 5:10 Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine.

Cross References
Luke 10:11
Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.'

Job 2:5
But stretch out your hand and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face."

Job 16:8
And he has shriveled me up, which is a witness against me, and my leanness has risen up against me; it testifies to my face.

Job 33:21
His flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen, and his bones that were not seen stick out.

Psalm 102:5
Because of my loud groaning my bones cling to my flesh.

Lamentations 4:8
Now their face is blacker than soot; they are not recognized in the streets; their skin has shriveled on their bones; it has become as dry as wood.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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