Job 17:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“He has made me a byword of the peoples, and I am one before whom men spit.

King James Bible
He hath made me also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was as a tabret.

American Standard Version
But he hath made me a byword of the people; And they spit in my face.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath made me as it were a byword of the people, and I am an example before them.

English Revised Version
He hath made me also a byword of the people; and I am become an open abhorring.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath made me also a by-word of the people; and in former time I was as a tabret.

Job 17:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

18 Oh earth, cover thou not my blood,

And let my cry find no resting-place!! -

19 Even now behold in heaven is my Witness,

And One who acknowledgeth me is in the heights!

20 Though the mockers of me are my friends -

To Eloah mine eyes pour forth tears,

21 That He may decide for man against Eloah,

And for the son of man against his friend.

22 For the years that may be numbered are coming on,

And I shall go a way without return.

Blood that is not covered up cries for vengeance, Ezekiel 24:7.; so also blood still unavenged is laid bare that it may find vengeance, Isaiah 26:21. According to this idea, in the lofty consciousness of his innocence, Job calls upon the earth not to suck in his blood as of one innocently slain, but to let it lie bare, thereby showing that it must be first of all avenged ere the earth can take it up;

(Note: As, according to the tradition, it is said to have been impossible to remove the stain of the blood of Zachariah the son of Jehoiada, who was murdered in the court of the temple, until it was removed by the destruction of the temple itself.)

and for his cry, i.e., the cry (זעקתי to be explained according to Genesis 4:10) proceeding from his blood as from his poured-out soul, he desires that it may urge its way unhindered and unstilled towards heaven without finding a place of rest (Symm. στάσις). Therefore, in the very God who appears to him to be a blood-thirsty enemy in pursuit of him, Job nevertheless hopes to find a witness of his innocence: He will acknowledge his blood, like that of Abel, to be the blood of an innocent man. It is an inward irresistible demand made by his faith which here brings together two opposite principles - principles which the understanding cannot unite - with bewildering boldness. Job believes that God will even finally avenge the blood which His wrath has shed, as blood that has been innocently shed. This faith, which sends forth beyond death itself the word of absolute command contained in Job 16:18, in Job 16:19 brightens and becomes a certain confidence, which draws from the future into the present that acknowledgment which God afterwards makes of him as innocent. The thought of what is unmerited in that decree of wrath which delivers him over to death, is here forced into the background, and in the front stands only the thought of the exaltation of the God in heaven above human short-sightedness, and the thought that no one else but He is the final refuge of the oppressed: even now (i.e., this side of death)

(Note: Comp. 1 Kings 14:14, where it is probably to be explained: Jehovah shall raise up for himself a king over Israel who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day, but what? even now (גם עתה), i.e., He hath raised him up ( equals but no, even now).)

continued...

Job 17:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a by-word

Job 30:9 And now am I their song, yes, I am their byword.

1 Kings 9:7 Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name...

Psalm 44:14 You make us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people.

aforetime. or, before them. as a tabret

Genesis 31:27 Why did you flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and did not tell me, that I might have sent you away with mirth, and with songs...

Isaiah 5:12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD...

Cross References
Numbers 12:14
But the LORD said to Moses, "If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be shamed seven days? Let her be shut outside the camp seven days, and after that she may be brought in again."

Job 12:4
I am a laughingstock to my friends; I, who called to God and he answered me, a just and blameless man, am a laughingstock.

Job 17:2
Surely there are mockers about me, and my eye dwells on their provocation.

Job 30:9
"And now I have become their song; I am a byword to them.

Job 30:10
They abhor me; they keep aloof from me; they do not hesitate to spit at the sight of me.

Psalm 44:14
You have made us a byword among the nations, a laughingstock among the peoples.

Psalm 69:11
When I made sackcloth my clothing, I became a byword to them.

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