Job 16:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
his archers surround me. He slashes open my kidneys and does not spare; he pours out my gall on the ground.

King James Bible
His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground.

American Standard Version
His archers compass me round about; He cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; He poureth out my gall upon the ground.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath compassed me round about with his lances, he hath wounded my loins, he hath not spared, and hath poured out my bowels on the earth.

English Revised Version
His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground.

Webster's Bible Translation
His archers encompass me; he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground.

Job 16:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 If I speak, my pain is not soothed;

And if I forbear, what alleviation do Iexperience?

7 Nevertheless now hath He exhausted me;

Thou hast desolated all my household,

8 And Thou filledst me with wrinkles - for a witness was it,

And my leanness rose up against me

Complaining to my face.

9 His wrath tore me, and made war upon me;

He hath gnashed upon me with His teeth,

As mine enemy He sharpeneth His eyes against me.

אם stands with the cohortative in the hypothetical antecedent clause Job 16:6, and in 6b the cohortative stands alone as Job 11:17; Psalm 73:16; Psalm 139:8, which is more usual, and more in accordance with the meaning which the cohortative has in itself, Ngelsbach, 89, 3. The interrogative, What goes from me? is equivalent to, what ( equals nothing) of pain forsakes me. The subject of the assertion which follows (Job 16:7) is not the pain - Aben-Ezra thinks even that this is addressed in v. 7b - still less Eliphaz, whom some think, particularly on account of the sharp expressions which follow, must be understood, but God, whose wrath Job regards as the cause of his suffering, and feels as the most intolerable part of it. A strained connection is obtained by taking אך either in an affirmative sense (Ew.: surely), as Job 18:21, or in a restrictive sense: only ( equals entirely) He has now exhausted me (Hirz., Hahn, also Schlottm.: only I feel myself oppressed, at least to express this), by which interpretation the עתּה, which stands between אך and the verb, is in the way. We render it therefore in the adversative signification: nevertheless (verum tamen) now he seeks neither by speaking to alleviate his pain, nor by silence to control himself; God has placed him in a condition in which all his strength is exhausted. He is absolutely incapable of offering any resistance to his pain, and care has also been taken that no solacing word shall come to him from any quarter: Thou hast made all my society desolate (Carey: all my clan); עדה of the household, as in Job 15:34. Jerome: in nihilum redacti sunt omnes artus mei (כל אברי, as explained by the Jewish expositors, e.g., Ralbag), as though the human organism could be called עדה. Hahn: Thou hast destroyed all my testimony, which must have been אדתי (from עוּד, whereas עדה, from ועד, has a changeable Ssere). He means to say that he stands entirely alone, and neither sees nor hears anything consolatory, for he does not count his wife. He is therefore completely shut up to himself; God has shrivelled him up; and this suffering form to which God has reduced him, is become an evidence, i.e., for himself and for others, as the three friends, an accusation de facto, which puts him down as a sinner, although his self-consciousness testifies the opposite to him.

Job 16:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

archers

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinks up my spirit...

Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him:

Psalm 7:12,13 If he turn not, he will whet his sword; he has bent his bow, and made it ready...

he cleaveth

Job 19:27 Whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me.

Lamentations 3:13 He has caused the arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins.

doth

Job 6:10 Then should I yet have comfort; yes, I would harden myself in sorrow: let him not spare...

Deuteronomy 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man...

Ezekiel 5:11 Why, as I live, said the Lord GOD; Surely, because you have defiled my sanctuary with all your detestable things...

Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

2 Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness...

poureth

Job 20:25 It is drawn, and comes out of the body; yes, the glittering sword comes out of his gall: terrors are on him.

Lamentations 2:11 My eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured on the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people...

Cross References
Job 6:4
For the arrows of the Almighty are in me; my spirit drinks their poison; the terrors of God are arrayed against me.

Job 19:12
His troops come on together; they have cast up their siege ramp against me and encamp around my tent.

Job 20:25
It is drawn forth and comes out of his body; the glittering point comes out of his gallbladder; terrors come upon him.

Job 25:3
Is there any number to his armies? Upon whom does his light not arise?

Lamentations 2:4
He has bent his bow like an enemy, with his right hand set like a foe; and he has killed all who were delightful in our eyes in the tent of the daughter of Zion; he has poured out his fury like fire.

Lamentations 2:11
My eyes are spent with weeping; my stomach churns; my bile is poured out to the ground because of the destruction of the daughter of my people, because infants and babies faint in the streets of the city.

Lamentations 3:11
he turned aside my steps and tore me to pieces; he has made me desolate;

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