Jeremiah 51:41
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“How Babylon is taken, the praise of the whole earth seized! How Babylon has become a horror among the nations!

King James Bible
How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

American Standard Version
How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth seized! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!

Douay-Rheims Bible
How is Sesach taken, and the renowned one of all the earth surprised? How is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations?

English Revised Version
How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!

Webster's Bible Translation
How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

Jeremiah 51:41 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This judgment comes on Babylon for its offences against Israel. The king of Babylon has devoured Israel, etc. Those who complain, in Jeremiah 51:34, are the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem, in whose name the prophet enumerates the crimes of Babylon. "Nebuchadnezzar has devoured us," i.e., oppressed us. The plural suffixes to the verbs have been needlessly changed in the Qeri into singulars, for the simple reason, perhaps, that with מעדני and in Jeremiah 51:35 the address makes a transition into the singular. המם signifies to throw enemies into confusion by causing a panic, for the purpose of destroying them; hence to destroy, see on Deuteronomy 2:15; here to destroy, crush. "He set us down like an empty vessel" refers to the country and the people; he has swept the country of human beings, and robbed the people of everything. תּנּין, usually a sea-monster, crocodile (Isaiah 27:1; Isaiah 51:9, etc.); here a beast of prey which devours everything. מעדנים, "delights," then "dainty meats," Genesis 49:20.

(Note: The form actually found in the Masoretic text is מעדני, "from (out of, with) my dainties." - Tr.)

הדיח, from דּוּח, signifies to wash away, push away (see Delitzsch on Isaiah 4:4); in other places Jeremiah uses הדּיח, Jeremiah 8:3; Jeremiah 16:15, etc. "Let my wrong (i.e., the wrong done me) come upon Babylon." This wrong is more fully specified, with reference to the figure of swallowing, by "my flesh and blood;" cf. Micah 3:3. The Lord will avenge this wrong, Jeremiah 51:36, cf. Jeremiah 50:34; Jeremiah 51:6, Jeremiah 51:11; He will also dry up the sea of Babylon, and make her spring dry up. Many expositors understand these latter words metaphorically, as referring to the sea of nations surging in Babylon (Jeremiah 51:42, Jeremiah 51:55), and view the treasures and riches as the fountain from which the sea of nations sprang up (Hitzig); but the context demands a literal interpretation, inasmuch as in Jeremiah 51:37 the subject treated of is the laying waste of the country. The sea of Babylon is the Euphrates, with its canals, lakes, and marshes, i.e., the abundance of water to which Babylonia owed its fertility, and the city its influence as the centre of the then known world. Isaiah (Isaiah 21:1) accordingly calls Babylon, emblematically, the desert of the sea, inasmuch as the region in which Babylon stands is a plain, broken in such a manner by the Euphrates, as well as by marshes and lakes, as that the city, so to speak, swims in the sea (Delitzsch). The source of spring of the sea is the Euphrates, and the drying up of this spring is not to be understood literally of the drying up of the Euphrates, but signifies a drying up of the springs of water that fertilize the country. On the figures employed in Jeremiah 51:37, cf. Jeremiah 9:10; Jeremiah 18:16; Jeremiah 49:33.

Jeremiah 51:41 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Sheshach Sheshach was probably an idol worshipped at babylon, from which the city derived this name; and the festival which was held when the city was taken, when they were heated with wine, was perhaps observed in honour of it.

Jeremiah 25:26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are on the face of the earth...

Daniel 5:1-3 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand...

the praise

Jeremiah 49:25 How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy!

Jeremiah 50:23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!

Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.

Isaiah 14:4 That you shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How has the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

Daniel 2:38 And wherever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven has he given into your hand...

Daniel 4:22,30 It is you, O king, that are grown and become strong: for your greatness is grown, and reaches to heaven...

Daniel 5:4,5 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone...

Revelation 18:10-19 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon...

an astonishment

Jeremiah 51:37 And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwelling place for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.

Jeremiah 50:46 At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.

Deuteronomy 28:37 And you shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations where the LORD shall lead you.

2 Chronicles 7:21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passes by it; so that he shall say...

Ezekiel 27:35 All the inhabitants of the isles shall be astonished at you, and their kings shall be sore afraid...

Cross References
Jeremiah 25:26
all the kings of the north, far and near, one after another, and all the kingdoms of the world that are on the face of the earth. And after them the king of Babylon shall drink.

Jeremiah 49:25
How is the famous city not forsaken, the city of my joy?

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