Jeremiah 51:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They are worthless, a work of delusion; at the time of their punishment they shall perish.

King James Bible
They are vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

American Standard Version
They are vanity, a work of delusion: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They are vain works, and worthy to be laughed at, in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

English Revised Version
They are vanity, a work of delusion: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

Webster's Bible Translation
They are vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

Jeremiah 51:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The instruments which the Lord employs in bringing about the fall of Babylon are the kings of the Medes, i.e., the provincial governors, or heads of the separate provinces into which the Medes in ancient times were divided, until, after revolting from the Assyrians in the year 714 b.c., they put themselves under a common head, in order to assert their independence, and chose Dejokes as their monarch. See Speigel's Ern (1863, S. 308ff.), and Delitzsch on Isaiah 13:17, who rightly remarks that in Isaiah 13:17, as well as here, מדי is a general designation for the Aryan tribes of Iran, taken from the most important and influential nation. In Jeremiah 21:2, Isaiah mentions Elam in the first series, along with Media, as a conqueror of Babylon; and the Babylonian kingdom was destroyed by Darius the Mede and Cyrus the Persian. But the Persians are first named in the Old Testament by Ezekiel and Daniel, while the name "Elam" as a province of the Persian kingdom is gradually lost, from the times of Cyrus onwards, in that of the "Persians." The princes of Media are to prepare themselves for besieging and conquering Babylon. הבר (from בּרר), prop. to polish, cleanse from dirt and rust. The arrows are thereby sharpened; cf. Isaiah 49:2. מלאוּ השּׁלטים is variously explained. The meaning of "shields" is that best established for שּׁלטים (see on 2 Samuel 8:7); while the meaning of "armour equipment," which is defended by Thenius, is neither very suitable for 2 Samuel 8:7 nor for 2 Kings 11:10 and Sol 4:4. There is no the least foundation for the meaning "quiver," which is assumed merely for this passage. מלאוּ is to be explained in accordance with the analogous expression in 2 Kings 9:24, מלּא ידו בקשׁת, "he filled his hand with the bow," i.e., seized the bow. "Fill the shields" with your bodies, or with your arms, since we put these among the straps of the shields. Those addressed are the kings of the Medes, whose spirit God has stirred up to make war against Babylon; for it is against her that His mind or plan is directed. As to the expression, "for it is the vengeance of Jahveh," etc., cf. Jeremiah 50:15, Jeremiah 50:28. The attack is to be directed against the walls of Babylon. נס, "standard," is the military sign carried before the army, in order to show them the direction they are to take, and the point of attack. משׁמר "watch," is the force besieging the city; cf. 2 Samuel 11:16. "Make the watch strong," i.e., enclose the city firmly. This is more exactly specified in the following clauses. "Set watches," not as a guard for their own camp (Hitzig), but against the city, in order to maintain a close siege. "Place the ambushes," that they may peep into the city whenever a sally is made by the besieged; cf. Joshua 8:14., Judges 20:33. "For what Jahveh hath determined, He will also perform." גּם־גּם, "as well as:" He has resolved as well as done, i.e., as He has resolved, He also executes.

Jeremiah 51:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

vanity

Jeremiah 10:8,15 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a doctrine of vanities...

Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.

Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you...

in the

Jeremiah 43:12,13 And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives...

Jeremiah 46:25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, said; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt...

Jeremiah 48:7 For because you have trusted in your works and in your treasures, you shall also be taken...

Jeremiah 50:2 Declare you among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken...

Exodus 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast...

Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rides on a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt...

Isaiah 46:1 Bel bows down, Nebo stoops, their idols were on the beasts, and on the cattle: your carriages were heavy laden...

Zephaniah 2:11 The LORD will be terrible to them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall worship him, every one from his place...

Cross References
Jeremiah 10:14
Every man is stupid and without knowledge; every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols, for his images are false, and there is no breath in them.

Jeremiah 10:15
They are worthless, a work of delusion; at the time of their punishment they shall perish.

Jeremiah 18:15
But my people have forgotten me; they make offerings to false gods; they made them stumble in their ways, in the ancient roads, and to walk into side roads, not the highway,

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