Jeremiah 46:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“A beautiful heifer is Egypt, but a biting fly from the north has come upon her.

King James Bible
Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

American Standard Version
Egypt is a very fair heifer; but destruction out of the north is come, it is come.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Egypt is like a fair and beautiful heifer: there shall come from the north one that shall goad her.

English Revised Version
Egypt is a very fair heifer; but destruction out of the north is come, it is come.

Webster's Bible Translation
Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

Jeremiah 46:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Tell ye it in Egypt, and make it to be heard in Migdol, and make it be heard in Noph and Tahpanhes: say, Stand firm, and prepare thee; for the sword hath devoured around thee. Jeremiah 46:15. Why hath thy strong one been swept away? he stood not, for Jahveh pushed him down. Jeremiah 46:16. He made many stumble, yea, one fell on another; and they said, Arise, and let us return to our own people, and to the land of our birth, from before the oppressing sword. Jeremiah 46:17. They cried there, Pharaoh the king of Egypt is undone; he hath let the appointed time pass. Jeremiah 46:18. As I live, saith the King, whose name is Jahveh of hosts, Surely as Tabor among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, shall he come. Jeremiah 46:19. Prepare thee things for exile, O daughter dwelling in Egypt: for Noph will become a desolation, and be destroyed by fire, without an inhabitant."

Like the last prophecy, this one also begins with the summons to arms (Jeremiah 46:14), in order to prepare the way for the description given immediately afterwards of the defeat (Jeremiah 46:15.). The summons to make the proclamation is addressed to some persons not named, who are to announce through the country, particularly in the frontier towns and in the northern capital of Egypt, that the foe, in his devastating career, has advanced to the borders of the land. This is evident from the clause which states the reason: "The sword hath devoured what lay round thee." Regarding Migdol, i.e., Magdolos, and Tahpanhes, i.e., Daphne, the two frontier towns in the north, and Noph, i.e., Memphis, the northern capital of the kingdom, see on Jeremiah 2:16 and Jeremiah 54:1. התיצּב, to take up one's position for the fight; cf. Jeremiah 46:4. סביביך, "thy surroundings," are the frontier countries, but especially those on the north, - Judah, Philistia, Edom, - since the enemy comes from the north. However, we cannot with certainty infer from this, that by that time the kingdom of Judah had already fallen, and Jerusalem been laid waste. Immediately after Necho had been vanquished at the Euphrates, Nebuchadnezzar marched after the fugitive foe, pursuing him as far as the borders of Egypt; hence we read, in 2 Kings 24:7, "The king of Egypt went no more out of his land; for the king of Babylon had taken all that had belonged to the king of Egypt, from the river of Egypt to the river Euphrates." Even at that time, in the fourth and fifth years of Jehoiakim, it could be said, "His sword hath devoured the countries contiguous to Egypt." And Nebuchadnezzar was prevented on that occasion from advancing farther, and penetrating into Egypt itself, only by hearing of his father's death at Babylon, in consequence of which he was compelled to return to Babylon as speedily as possible, for the purpose of assuming the reins of government, and to let his army with the prisoners follow him at their leisure (Berosus in Josephus, contra Ap. i. 19).

Jeremiah 46:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a very

Jeremiah 50:11 Because you were glad, because you rejoiced, O you destroyers of my heritage, because you are grown fat as the heifer at grass...

Hosea 10:11 And Ephraim is as an heifer that is taught, and loves to tread out the corn; but I passed over on her fair neck...

it cometh

Jeremiah 46:6,10 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates...

Jeremiah 1:14 Then the LORD said to me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth on all the inhabitants of the land.

Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, said the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant...

Jeremiah 47:2 Thus said the LORD; Behold, waters rise up out of the north, and shall be an overflowing flood, and shall overflow the land...

Cross References
Jeremiah 1:14
Then the LORD said to me, "Out of the north disaster shall be let loose upon all the inhabitants of the land.

Jeremiah 47:2
"Thus says the LORD: Behold, waters are rising out of the north, and shall become an overflowing torrent; they shall overflow the land and all that fills it, the city and those who dwell in it. Men shall cry out, and every inhabitant of the land shall wail.

Jeremiah 50:11
"Though you rejoice, though you exult, O plunderers of my heritage, though you frolic like a heifer in the pasture, and neigh like stallions,

Hosea 10:11
Ephraim was a trained calf that loved to thresh, and I spared her fair neck; but I will put Ephraim to the yoke; Judah must plow; Jacob must harrow for himself.

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