Jeremiah 22:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
O inhabitant of Lebanon, nested among the cedars, how you will be pitied when pangs come upon you, pain as of a woman in labor!”

King James Bible
O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!

American Standard Version
O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how greatly to be pitied shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou that sittest in Libanus, and makest thy nest in the cedars, how hast thou mourned when sorrows came upon thee, as the pains of a woman in labour?

English Revised Version
O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how greatly to be pitied shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!

Webster's Bible Translation
O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!

Jeremiah 22:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In Jeremiah 22:15 Jeremiah pursues the subject: kingship and kingcraft do not consist in the erection of splendid palaces, but in the administration of right and justice. The reproachful question התמלך has not the meaning: wilt thou reign long? or wilt thou consolidate thy dominion? but: dost thou suppose thyself to be a king, to show thyself a king, if thy aim and endeavour is solely fixed on the building of a stately palace? "Viest," as in Jeremiah 12:5. בּארז, not: with the cedar, for תחרה is construed with the accus. of that with which one vies, but: in cedar, i.e., in the building of cedar palaces. It was not necessary to say with whom he vied, since the thought of Solomon's edifices would suggest itself. The lxx have changed בארז by a pointless quid pro quo into באחז, ἐν ̓́Αχαζ, for which Cod. Alex. and Arabs have ἐν ̓Αχαάβ. The fact that Ahab had built a palace veneered with ivory (1 Kings 22:39) is not sufficient to approve this reading, which Ew. prefers. Still less cause is there to delete בארז as a gloss (Hitz.) in order to obtain the rendering, justified neither by grammar nor in fact, "if thou contendest with thy father." To confirm what he has said, the prophet sets before the worthless king the example of his godly father Josiah. "Thy father, did not he eat and drink," i.e., enjoy life (cf. Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 3:13)? yet at the same time he administered right and justice, like his forefather David; 2 Samuel 8:15. Then went it well with him and the kingdom. אז, Jeremiah 22:16, is wider than אז טו: in respect that he did justice to the poor and wretched, things went well, were well managed in the kingdom at large. In so doing consists "the knowing of me." The knowledge of Jahveh is the practical recognition of God which is displayed in the fear of God and a pious life. The infinitive nomin. דּעת has the article because a special emphasis lies on the word (cf. Ew. 277, c), the true knowledge of God required to have stress laid on it. - But Jehoiakim is the reverse of his father. This thought, lying in Jeremiah 22:16, is illustrated in Jeremiah 22:17. For thine eyes are set upon nothing but gain. בּצע, gain with the suggestion of unrighteousness about it, cf. Jeremiah 6:13; Jeremiah 8:10. His whole endeavour was after wealth and splendour. The means of attaining this aim was injustice, since he not only withheld their wages from his workers (Jeremiah 22:13), but caused the innocent to be condemned in the judgment that he might grasp their goods to himself, as e.g., Ahab had done with Naboth. He also put to death the prophets who rebuked his unrighteousness, Jeremiah 26:23, and used every kind of lawless violence. "Oppression" is amplified by המרוּצה (from רצץ, cf. Deuteronomy 28:33; 1 Samuel 12:3), crushing, "what we call flaying people" (Hitz.); cf. on this subject, Micah 3:3.

Jeremiah 22:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

inhabitant. Heb. inhabitress. Lebanon.

Jeremiah 22:6 For thus said the LORD to the king's house of Judah; You are Gilead to me, and the head of Lebanon...

Zechariah 11:1,2 Open your doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour your cedars...

makest.

Jeremiah 21:13 Behold, I am against you, O inhabitant of the valley, and rock of the plain, said the LORD; which say, Who shall come down against us?...

Jeremiah 48:28 O you that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock...

Jeremiah 49:16 Your terribleness has deceived you, and the pride of your heart, O you that dwell in the clefts of the rock...

Numbers 24:21 And he looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, Strong is your dwelling place, and you put your nest in a rock.

Amos 9:2 Though they dig into hell, there shall my hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, there will I bring them down:

Obadiah 1:4 Though you exalt yourself as the eagle, and though you set your nest among the stars, there will I bring you down, said the LORD.

Habakkuk 2:9 Woe to him that covets an evil covetousness to his house, that he may set his nest on high...

how.

Jeremiah 3:21 A voice was heard on the high places, weeping and supplications of the children of Israel: for they have perverted their way...

Jeremiah 4:31 For I have heard a voice as of a woman in travail, and the anguish as of her that brings forth her first child...

Jeremiah 6:24 We have heard the fame thereof: our hands wax feeble: anguish has taken hold of us, and pain, as of a woman in travail.

Jeremiah 30:5,6 For thus said the LORD; We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace...

Jeremiah 50:4,5 In those days, and in that time, said the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together...

Hosea 5:15 I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offense, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.

Hosea 6:1 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will heal us; he has smitten, and he will bind us up.

Hosea 7:14 And they have not cried to me with their heart, when they howled on their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine...

when.

Jeremiah 4:30,31 And when you are spoiled, what will you do? Though you clothe yourself with crimson, though you deck you with ornaments of gold...

Cross References
Jeremiah 4:31
For I heard a cry as of a woman in labor, anguish as of one giving birth to her first child, the cry of the daughter of Zion gasping for breath, stretching out her hands, "Woe is me! I am fainting before murderers."

Jeremiah 6:24
We have heard the report of it; our hands fall helpless; anguish has taken hold of us, pain as of a woman in labor.

Jeremiah 30:6
Ask now, and see, can a man bear a child? Why then do I see every man with his hands on his stomach like a woman in labor? Why has every face turned pale?

Ezekiel 17:3
say, Thus says the Lord GOD: A great eagle with great wings and long pinions, rich in plumage of many colors, came to Lebanon and took the top of the cedar.

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