Jeremiah 22:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well. Is not this to know me? declares the LORD.

King James Bible
He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the LORD.

American Standard Version
He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well. Was not this to know me? saith Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He judged the cause of the poor and needy for his own good: was it not therefore because he knew me, saith the Lord?

English Revised Version
He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well. Was not this to know me? saith the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the LORD.

Jeremiah 22:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

On Jehoahaz. - Jeremiah 22:10. "Weep not for the dead, neither bemoan him; weep rather for him that is gone away, for he shall no more return and see the land of his birth. Jeremiah 22:11. For thus saith Jahveh concerning Shallum, the son of Josiah king of Judah, who became king in his father Josiah's stead, and who went forth from this place: He shall not return thither more; Jeremiah 22:12. but in the place whither they have carried hi captive, there shall he die and see this land no more." The clause: weep not for the dead, with which the prophecy on Shallum is begun, shows that the mourning for King Josiah was kept up and was still heartily felt amongst the people (2 Chronicles 35:24.), and that the circumstances of his death were still fresh in their memory. למת without the article, although Josiah, slain in battle at Megiddo, is meant, because there was no design particularly to define the person. Him that goes or is gone away. He, again, is defined and called Shallum. This Shallum, who became king in his father Josiah's place, can be none other than Josiah's successor, who is called Joahaz in 2 Kings 23:30., 2 Chronicles 36:1; as was seen by Chrysost. and Aben-Ezra, and, since Grotius, by most commentators. The only question is, why he should here be called Shallum. According to Frc. Junius, Hitz., and Graf, Jeremiah compares Joahaz on account of his short reign with Shallum in Israel, who reigned but one month (2 Kings 15:13), and ironically calls him Shallum, as Jezebel called Jehu, Zimri murderer of his lord, 2 Kings 9:31. This explanation is unquestionably erroneous, since irony of such a sort is inconsistent with what Jeremiah says of Shallum. More plausible seems Hgstb.'s opinion, Christ. ii. p. 401, that Jeremiah gives Joahaz the name Shallum, i.e., the requited (cf. שׁלּם, 1 Chronicles 6:13, equals משׁלּם, 1 Chronicles 9:11), as nomen reale, to mark him out as the man the Lord had punished for the evil of his doings. But this conjecture too is overthrown by the fact, that in the genealogy of the kings of Judah, 1 Chronicles 3:15, we find among the four sons of Josiah the name שׁלּוּם instead of Joahaz. Now this name cannot have come there from the present passage, for the genealogies of Chronicles are derived from old family registers. That this is so in the case of Josiah's sons, appears from the mention there of a fourth, Johanan, over and above the three known to history, of whom we hear nothing more. In the genealogical tables persons are universally mentioned by their own proper names, not according to "renamings" or surnames, except in the case that these have received the currency and value of historical names, as e.g., Israel for Jacob. On the ground of the genealogical table 1 Chronicles 3 we must accordingly hold that Joahaz was properly called Shallum, and that probably at his accession he assumed the name יואחז, "Jahveh sustains, holds." But Jeremiah might still have used the name Shallum in preference to the assumed Joahaz, because the former had verified itself in that king's fate. With Jeremiah 22:11 and Jeremiah 22:12, cf. 2 Kings 23:33-35. - The brief saying in regard to Joahaz forms the transition from the general censure of the wicked rulers of Judah who brought on the ruin of the kingdom, to the special predictions concerning the ungodly kings Jehoiakim and Jehoiachin, in whose time the judgment burst forth. In counselling not to weep for the dead king (Josiah), but for the departed one (Joahaz), Jeremiah does not mean merely to bewail the lot of the king carried prisoner to Egypt, but to foreshadow the misery that awaits the whole people. From this point of view Calv. well says: si lugenda est urbis hujus clades, potius lugendi sunt qui manebunt superstites quam qui morientur. Mors enim erit quasi requies, erit portus ad finienda omnia mala: Vita autem longior nihil aliud erit quam continua miseriarum series; and further, that in the words: he shall no more return and see the land of his birth, Jeremiah shows: exilium fore quasi tabem, quae paulatim consumat miseros Judaeos. Ita mors fuisset illis dulcior longe, quam sic diu cruciari et nihil habere relaxationis. In the lot of the two kings the people had to recognise what was in store for itself.

Jeremiah 22:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

judged.

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless...

Job 29:12-17 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him...

Psalm 72:1-4,12,13 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son...

Psalm 82:3,4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy...

Psalm 109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.

Proverbs 24:11,12 If you forbear to deliver them that are drawn to death, and those that are ready to be slain...

Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

was not.

Jeremiah 9:3,16,24 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth on the earth...

Jeremiah 31:33,34 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

1 Samuel 2:2 There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside you: neither is there any rock like our God.

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind...

Psalm 9:10 And they that know your name will put their trust in you: for you, LORD, have not forsaken them that seek you.

John 8:19,54,55 Then said they to him, Where is your Father? Jesus answered, You neither know me, nor my Father: if you had known me...

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.

John 17:3,6 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent...

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

1 John 2:3,4 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments...

Cross References
1 Chronicles 28:9
"And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve him with a whole heart and with a willing mind, for the LORD searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. If you seek him, he will be found by you, but if you forsake him, he will cast you off forever.

Psalm 36:10
Oh, continue your steadfast love to those who know you, and your righteousness to the upright of heart!

Psalm 72:1
Give the king your justice, O God, and your righteousness to the royal son!

Psalm 72:12
For he delivers the needy when he calls, the poor and him who has no helper.

Psalm 82:3
Give justice to the weak and the fatherless; maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute.

Proverbs 31:9
Open your mouth, judge righteously, defend the rights of the poor and needy.

Jeremiah 9:24
but let him who boasts boast in this, that he understands and knows me, that I am the LORD who practices steadfast love, justice, and righteousness in the earth. For in these things I delight, declares the LORD."

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