Jeremiah 2:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of his harvest. All who ate of it incurred guilt; disaster came upon them, declares the LORD.”

King James Bible
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

American Standard Version
Israel was holiness unto Jehovah, the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall be held guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Israel is holy to the Lord, the first fruits of his increase: all they that devour him offend: evils shall come upon them, saith the Lord.

English Revised Version
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall be held guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

Jeremiah 2:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

God holds judgment upon the inhabitants of Judah in this very way, viz., by bringing these nations and permitting them to set up their lordship before the gates of Jerusalem, and against all cities of Judah. The suffix in אותם refers to ישׁבי, Jeremiah 1:14, and אותם stands by later usage for אתּם, as frequently in Jer.; cf. Ew. 264, b. 'דּבּר משׁפּטים את־פ, speak judgment, properly, have a lawsuit with one, an expression peculiar to Jeremiah - cf. Jeremiah 4:12; Jeremiah 12:1; Jeremiah 39:5; Jeremiah 52:9, and 2 Kings 25:6 - is in substance equivalent to נשׁפּט את, plead with one, cf. Jeremiah 12:1 with Jeremiah 2:35, Ezekiel 20:35., and signifies not only remonstrating against wrong doing, but also the passing of condemnation, and so comprehends trial and sentencing; cf. Jeremiah 39:5; Jeremiah 42:9. "All their wickedness" is more exactly defined in the following relative clauses; it consists in their apostasy from God, and their worship of heathen gods and idols made by themselves; cf. Jeremiah 19:4, 1 Kings 11:33, 2 Kings 22:17. קטּר, offer odours, cause to rise in smoke, used not of the burning of incense alone, but of all offerings upon the altar, bloody offerings and meat-offerings; hence frequently in parallelism with זבח; cf. Hosea 4:13; Hosea 11:2, etc. In the Pentateuch the Hiphil is used for this sense. Instead of the plural מעשׂי, many MSS give the singular מעשׂה as the ordinary expression for the productions of the hand, handiwork; cf. Jeremiah 25:6-7, Jeremiah 25:14; Jeremiah 32:30; 2 Kings 22:17, etc.; but the plural too is found in Jeremiah 44:8; 2 Chronicles 34:25, and is approved by these passages. The sense is no way affected by this variation.

Jeremiah 2:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

holiness

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God has chosen you to be a special people to himself...

Deuteronomy 14:2 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a peculiar people to himself...

Deuteronomy 26:19 And to make you high above all nations which he has made, in praise, and in name, and in honor...

Zechariah 14:20,21 In that day shall there be on the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD...

Ephesians 1:4 According as he has chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

the first-fruits

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of your liquors: the firstborn of your sons shall you give to me.

Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which you have sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering...

Numbers 18:12 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the wheat, the first fruits of them which they shall offer to the LORD...

Amos 6:1 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, which are named chief of the nations...

Romans 11:16 For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

Romans 16:5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my well-beloved Epaenetus, who is the first fruits of Achaia to Christ.

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first fruits of his creatures.

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb wherever he goes...

all that

Jeremiah 12:14 Thus said the LORD against all my evil neighbors, that touch the inheritance which I have caused my people Israel to inherit; Behold...

Jeremiah 50:7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD...

Exodus 4:22,23 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn...

Psalm 81:14,15 I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries...

Psalm 105:14,15,25-36 He suffered no man to do them wrong: yes, he reproved kings for their sakes...

Isaiah 41:11 Behold, all they that were incensed against you shall be ashamed and confounded: they shall be as nothing...

Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and given them into your hand: you did show them no mercy...

Joel 1:3,7,8 Tell you your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation...

Zechariah 1:15 And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased...

Zechariah 2:8 For thus said the LORD of hosts; After the glory has he sent me to the nations which spoiled you...

Zechariah 12:2-5 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people round about...

Acts 9:4,5 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, Saul, why persecute you me...

Cross References
James 1:18
Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

Revelation 14:4
It is these who have not defiled themselves with women, for they are virgins. It is these who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. These have been redeemed from mankind as firstfruits for God and the Lamb,

Exodus 19:5
Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;

Exodus 19:6
and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel."

Deuteronomy 7:6
"For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 14:2
For you are a people holy to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 26:19
and that he will set you in praise and in fame and in honor high above all nations that he has made, and that you shall be a people holy to the LORD your God, as he promised."

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