Isaiah 45:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
By myself I have sworn; from my mouth has gone out in righteousness a word that shall not return: ‘To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear allegiance.’

King James Bible
I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

American Standard Version
By myself have I sworn, the word is gone forth from my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, that unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I have sworn by myself, the word of justice shall go out of my mouth, and shall not return: For every knee shall be bowed to me, and every tongue shall swear.

English Revised Version
By myself have I sworn, the word is gone forth from my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, that unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That to me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

Isaiah 45:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The way in which this God who hides Himself is ultimately revealed as the God of salvation, is then pointed out in Isaiah 45:16, Isaiah 45:17 : "They are put to shame, and also confounded, all of them; they go away into confusion together, the forgers of idols. Israel is redeemed by Jehovah with everlasting redemption: ye are not put to shame nor confounded to everlasting eternities." The perfects are expressive of the ideal past. Jehovah shows Himself as a Savour by the fact, that whereas the makers of idols perish, Israel is redeemed an everlasting redemption (acc. obj. as in Isaiah 14:6; Isaiah 22:17; Ges. 138, 1, Anm. 1), i.e., so that its redemption is one that lasts for aeons (αἰωνία λύτρωσις, Hebrews 9:12) - observe that teshū‛âh does not literally signify redemption or rescue, but transfer into a state of wide expanse, i.e., of freedom and happiness. The plural ‛ōlâmı̄m (eternities equals αἰῶνες aeua) belongs, according to Knobel, to the later period of the language; but it is met with as early as in old Asaphite psalms (Psalm 77:6). When the further promise is added, Ye shall not be put to shame, etc., this clearly shows, what is also certain on other grounds - namely, that the redemption is not thought of merely as an outward and bodily one, but also as inward and spiritual, and indeed (in accordance with the prophetic blending of the end of the captivity with the end of all things) as a final one. Israel will never bring upon itself again such a penal judgment as that of the captivity by falling away from God; that is to say, its state of sin will end with its state of punishment, even עב עד־עולמי, i.e., since עד has no plural, εἰς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων.

Isaiah 45:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sworn

Genesis 22:15-18 And the angel of the LORD called to Abraham out of heaven the second time...

Jeremiah 22:5 But if you will not hear these words, I swear by myself, said the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation.

Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, said the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse...

Amos 6:8 The Lord GOD has sworn by himself, said the LORD the God of hosts, I abhor the excellency of Jacob, and hate his palaces...

Hebrews 6:13-18 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself...

the word

Isaiah 45:19 I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not to the seed of Jacob, Seek you me in vain...

Isaiah 55:11 So shall my word be that goes forth out of my mouth: it shall not return to me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please...

Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: has he said, and shall he not do it?...

that unto

Romans 11:4 But what said the answer of God to him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal.

Romans 14:10-12 But why do you judge your brother? or why do you set at nothing your brother...

Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

every tongue

Isaiah 19:18-21 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the LORD of hosts; one shall be called...

Isaiah 44:3-5 For I will pour water on him that is thirsty, and floods on the dry ground: I will pour my spirit on your seed...

Isaiah 65:16 That he who blesses himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth...

Genesis 31:53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us. And Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac.

Deuteronomy 6:13 You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

2 Chronicles 15:14,15 And they swore to the LORD with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with cornets...

Nehemiah 10:29 They joined to their brothers, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law...

Psalm 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that swears by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.

Psalm 132:2 How he swore to the LORD, and vowed to the mighty God of Jacob;

Cross References
Romans 14:11
for it is written, "As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God."

Philippians 2:10
so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,

Hebrews 6:13
For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater by whom to swear, he swore by himself,

Genesis 22:16
and said, "By myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Deuteronomy 6:13
It is the LORD your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear.

Psalm 63:11
But the king shall rejoice in God; all who swear by him shall exult, for the mouths of liars will be stopped.

Isaiah 19:18
In that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the LORD of hosts. One of these will be called the City of Destruction.

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