Isaiah 35:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Strengthen the weak hands, and make firm the feeble knees.

King James Bible
Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

American Standard Version
Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Strengthen ye the feeble hands, and confirm the weak knees.

English Revised Version
Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

Webster's Bible Translation
Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

Isaiah 35:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The allusion to the monarchy and the lofty electoral dignity leads the prophet on to the palaces and castles of the land. Starting with these, he carries out the picture of the ruins in Isaiah 34:13-15. "And the palaces of Edom break out into thorns, nettles and thistles in its castles; and it becomes the abode of wild dogs, pasture for ostriches. And martens meet with jackals, and a wood-devil runs upon its fellow; yea, Liiliith dwells there, and finds rest for itself. There the arrow-snake makes its nest, and breeds and lays eggs, and broods in the shadow there; yea, there vultures gather together one to another." The feminine suffixes refer to Edom, as they did in the previous instance, as בּת־אדום or אדום ארץ. On the tannı̄m, tsiyyı̄m, and 'iyyı̄m, see at Isaiah 13:21-22. It is doubtful whether châtsı̄r here corresponds to the Arabic word for an enclosure ( equals חצר), as Gesenius, Hitzig, and others suppose, as elsewhere to the Arabic for green, a green field, or garden vegetable. We take it in the latter sense, viz., a grassy place, such as was frequented by ostriches, which live upon plants and fruits. The word tsiyyim (steppe animals) we have rendered "martens," as the context requires a particular species of animals to be named. This is the interpretation given by Rashi (in loc.) and Kimchi in Jeremiah 50:39 to the Targum word tamvân. We do not render 'iyyı̄m "wild cats" (chattūilin), but "jackals," after the Arabic. קרא with על we take in the sense of קרה (as in Exodus 5:3). Lı̄lı̄th (Syr. and Zab. lelitho), lit., the creature of the night, was a female demon (shēdâh) of the popular mythology; according to the legends, it was a malicious fairy that was especially hurtful to children, like some of the fairies of our own fairy tales. There is life in Edom still; but what a caricature of that which once was there! In the very spot where the princes of Edom used to proclaim the new king, satyrs now invite one another to dance (Isaiah 13:21); and there kings and princes once slept in their palaces and country houses, the lı̄lı̄th, which is most at home in horrible places, finds, as though after a prolonged search, the most convenient and most comfortable resting-place. Demons and serpents are not very far distant from one another. The prophet therefore proceeds in Isaiah 34:15 to the arrow-snake, or springing-snake (Arabic qiffâze, from qâphaz, related to qâphats, Sol 2:8, to prepare for springing, or to spring; a different word from qippōd, which has the same root). This builds its nest in the ruins; there it breeds (millēt, to let its eggs slide out) and lays eggs (bâqa‛, to split, i.e., to bring forth); and then it broods in the shade (dâgar is the Targum word in Job 39:14 for chimmēm (ithpael in Lamentations 1:20 for חמרמר), and is also used in the rabbinical writings for fovere, as Jerome renders it here). The literal sense of the word is probably to keep the eggs together (Targum, Jeremiah 17:11, בּעין מכנּשׁ, lxx συνήγαγεν), since דּגר (syn. חמּר) signifies "to collect." Rashi has therefore explained it in both passages as meaning glousser, to cluck, the noise by which a fowl calls its brood together. The dayyâh is the vulture. These fowls and most gregarious birds of prey also collect together there.

Isaiah 35:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 40:1,2 Comfort you, comfort you my people, said your God...

Isaiah 52:1,2 Awake, awake; put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city...

Isaiah 57:14-16 And shall say, Cast you up, cast you up, prepare the way, take up the stumbling block out of the way of my people...

Judges 7:11 And you shall hear what they say; and afterward shall your hands be strengthened to go down to the host...

Job 4:3,4 Behold, you have instructed many, and you have strengthened the weak hands...

Job 16:5 But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should assuage your grief.

Luke 22:32,43 But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not: and when you are converted, strengthen your brothers...

Acts 18:23 And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order...

Hebrews 12:12 Why lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;

Cross References
Hebrews 12:12
Therefore lift your drooping hands and strengthen your weak knees,

Exodus 17:12
But Moses' hands grew weary, so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it, while Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side. So his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

Ezra 1:6
And all who were about them aided them with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, with beasts, and with costly wares, besides all that was freely offered.

Job 4:3
Behold, you have instructed many, and you have strengthened the weak hands.

Job 4:4
Your words have upheld him who was stumbling, and you have made firm the feeble knees.

Daniel 10:18
Again one having the appearance of a man touched me and strengthened me.

Zephaniah 3:16
On that day it shall be said to Jerusalem: "Fear not, O Zion; let not your hands grow weak.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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