Isaiah 28:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and a spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, and strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate.

King James Bible
And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

American Standard Version
and a spirit of justice to him that sitteth in judgment, and strength to them that turn back the battle at the gate.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and strength to them that return out of the battle to the gate.

English Revised Version
and for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn back the battle at the gate.

Webster's Bible Translation
And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

Isaiah 28:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But when Israel repents, the mercy of Jehovah will change all this. "And it will come to pass on that day, Jehovah will appoint a beating of corn from the water-flood of the Euphrates to the brook of Egypt, and ye will be gathered together one by one, O sons of Israel. And it will come to pass in that day, a great trumpet will be blown, and the lost ones in the land of Asshur come, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and cast themselves down before Jehovah on the holy mountain in Jerusalem." I regard every exposition of Isaiah 27:12 which supposes it to refer to the return of the captives as altogether false. The Euphrates and the brook of Egypt, i.e., the Wady el-Arish, were the north-eastern and south-western boundaries of the land of Israel, according to the original promise (Genesis 15:18; 1 Kings 8:65), and it is not stated that Jehovah will beat on the outside of these boundaries, but within them. Hence Gesenius is upon a more correct track, when he explains it as meaning that "the kingdom will be peopled again in its greatest promised extent, and that as rapidly and numerously as if men had fallen like olives from the trees." No doubt the word châbat is applied to the beating down of olives in Deuteronomy 24:20; but this figure is inapplicable here, as olives must already exist before they can be knocked down, whereas the land of Israel is to be thought of as desolate. What one expects is, that Jehovah will cause the dead to live within the whole of the broad expanse of the promised land (according to the promise in Isaiah 26:19, Isaiah 26:21). And the figure answers this expectation most clearly and most gloriously. Châbat as the word commonly applied to the knocking out of fruits with husks, which were too tender and valuable to be threshed. Such fruits, as the prophet himself affirms in Isaiah 28:27, were knocked out carefully with a stick, and would have been injured by the violence of ordinary threshing. And the great field of dead that stretched from the Euphrates to the Rhinokoloura,

(Note: Rhinokoloura (or Rhinokoroura): for the origin of this name of the Wady el-Arish, see Strabo, xvi. 2, 31.)

resembled a floor covered over with such tender, costly fruit. There true Israelites and apostate Israelites lay mixed together. But Jehovah would separate them. He would institute a beating, so that the true members of the church would come to the light of day, being separated from the false like grains sifted from their husks. "Thy dead will live;" it is to this that the prophet returns. And this view is supported by the choice of the word shibboleth, which combines in itself the meanings of "flood" (Psalm 69:3, Psalm 69:16) and "ear" (sc., of corn). This word gives a fine dilogy (compare the dilogy in Isaiah 19:18 and Habakkuk 2:7). From the "ear" of the Euphrates down to the Peninsula of Sinai, Jehovah would knock - a great heap of ears, the grains of which were to be gathered together "one by one," i.e., singly (in the most careful manner possible; Greek, καθεῖς κατη ̓ ἓνα). To this risen church there would be added the still living diaspora, gathered together by the signal of God (compare Isaiah 18:3; Isaiah 11:12). Asshur and Egypt are named as lands of banishment. They represent all the lands of exile, as in Isaiah 19:23-25 (compare Isaiah 11:11). The two names are emblematical, and therefore not to be used as proofs that the prophecy is within the range of Isaiah's horizon. Nor is there any necessity for this. It is just as certain that the cycle of prophecy in chapters 24-27 belongs to Isaiah, and not to any other prophet, as it is that there are not two men to be found in the world with faces exactly alike.

Isaiah 28:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for a spirit

Isaiah 11:2-4 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might...

Isaiah 32:15,16 Until the spirit be poured on us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest...

Genesis 41:38,39 And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is...

Numbers 11:16,17 And the LORD said to Moses, Gather to me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom you know to be the elders of the people...

Numbers 27:16-18 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation...

1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king...

Psalm 72:1-4 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son...

Proverbs 20:8 A king that sits in the throne of judgment scatters away all evil with his eyes.

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

John 5:30 I can of my own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not my own will...

1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

and for strength

Deuteronomy 20:4 For the LORD your God is he that goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.

Joshua 1:9 Have not I commanded you? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be you dismayed...

Psalm 18:32-34 It is God that girds me with strength, and makes my way perfect...

Psalm 46:1,11 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble...

Cross References
John 5:30
"I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will but the will of him who sent me.

1 Kings 3:28
And all Israel heard of the judgment that the king had rendered, and they stood in awe of the king, because they perceived that the wisdom of God was in him to do justice.

2 Chronicles 32:6
And he set combat commanders over the people and gathered them together to him in the square at the gate of the city and spoke encouragingly to them, saying,

Isaiah 4:4
when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and cleansed the bloodstains of Jerusalem from its midst by a spirit of judgment and by a spirit of burning.

Isaiah 11:2
And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

Isaiah 25:4
For you have been a stronghold to the poor, a stronghold to the needy in his distress, a shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat; for the breath of the ruthless is like a storm against a wall,

Isaiah 32:15
until the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is deemed a forest.

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