Isaiah 21:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The oracle concerning Arabia. In the thickets in Arabia you will lodge, O caravans of Dedanites.

King James Bible
The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.

American Standard Version
The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye caravans of Dedanites.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The burden in Arabia. In the forest at evening you shall sleep, in the paths of Dedanim.

English Revised Version
The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanites.

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye traveling companies of Dedanim.

Isaiah 21:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

What the man upon the watch-tower sees first of all, is a long, long procession, viz., the hostile army advancing quietly, like a caravan, in serried ranks, and with the most perfect self-reliance. "And he saw a procession of cavalry, pairs of horsemen, a procession of asses, a procession of camels; and listened sharply, as sharply as he could listen." Receb, both here and in Isaiah 21:9, signifies neither riding-animals nor war-chariots, but a troop seated upon animals - a procession of riders. In front there was a procession of riders arranged two and two, for Persians and Medes fought either on foot or on horseback (the latter, at any rate, from the time of Cyrus; vid., Cyrop. iv 3); and pârâsh signifies a rider on horseback (in Arabic it is used in distinction from râkib, the rider on camels). Then came lines of asses and camels, a large number of which were always taken with the Persian army for different purposes. They not only carried baggage and provisions, but were taken into battle to throw the enemy into confusion. Thus Cyrus gained the victory over the Lydians by means of the great number of his camels (Herod. i. 80), and Darius Hystaspis the victory over the Scythians by means of the number of asses that he employed (Herod. iv 129). Some of the subject tribes rode upon asses and camels instead of horses: the Arabs rode upon camels in the army of Xerxes, and the Caramanians rode upon asses. What the spy saw was therefore, no doubt, the Persian army. But he only saw and listened. It was indeed "listening, greatness of listening," i.e., he stretched his ear to the utmost (rab is a substantive, as in Isaiah 63:7; Psalm 145:7; and hikshib, according to its radical notion, signifies to stiffen, viz., the ear);

(Note: Bttcher has very correctly compared kâshab (kasuba) with kâshâh (kasa), and Fleischer with sarra (tzâr), which is applied in the kal and hiphil (asarra) to any animal (horse, ass, etc.) when it holds its ears straight and erect to listen to any noise (sarra udhneı̄h, or udhnahu bi-udhneı̄h, or bi-udhnı̄h iv., asarra bi-udhnı̄h, and also absolutely asarra, exactly like hikshib).)

but he heard nothing, because the long procession was moving with the stillness of death.

Isaiah 21:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Arabia

1 Kings 10:15 Beside that he had of the merchants, and of the traffic of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia...

Jeremiah 25:23,24 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners...

Jeremiah 49:28-33 Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall smite, thus said the LORD; Arise you...

Galatians 4:25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answers to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

o ye

Isaiah 13:20 It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelled in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there...

Genesis 25:3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim.

1 Chronicles 1:9,32 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan...

Ezekiel 27:15,20,21 The men of Dedan were your merchants; many isles were the merchandise of your hand...

Cross References
Genesis 10:7
The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.

Isaiah 21:12
The watchman says: "Morning comes, and also the night. If you will inquire, inquire; come back again."

Jeremiah 25:23
Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who cut the corners of their hair;

Jeremiah 25:24
all the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert;

Jeremiah 49:8
Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Dedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time when I punish him.

Jeremiah 49:28
Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon struck down. Thus says the LORD: "Rise up, advance against Kedar! Destroy the people of the east!

Ezekiel 27:15
The men of Dedan traded with you. Many coastlands were your own special markets; they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony.

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