Isaiah 2:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And people shall enter the caves of the rocks and the holes of the ground, from before the terror of the LORD, and from the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to terrify the earth.

King James Bible
And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

American Standard Version
And men shall go into the caves of the rocks, and into the holes of the earth, from before the terror of Jehovah, and from the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake mightily the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall go into the holes of rocks, and into the caves of the earth from the face of the fear of the Lord, and from the glory of his majesty, when he shall rise up to strike the earth.

English Revised Version
And men shall go into the caves of the rocks, and into the holes of the earth, from before the terror of the LORD, and from the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake mightily the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

Isaiah 2:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet then proceeds to enumerate all the high things upon which that day would fall, arranging them two and two, and binding them in pairs by a double correlative Vav. The day of Jehovah comes, as the first two pairs affirm, upon everything lofty in nature. "As upon all the cedars of Lebanon, the lofty and exalted, so upon all the oaks of Bashan. As upon all mountains, the lofty ones, so upon all hills the exalted ones." But wherefore upon all this majestic beauty of nature? Is all this merely figurative? Knobel regards it as merely a figurative description of the grand buildings of the time of Uzziah and Jotham, in the erection of which wood had been used from Lebanon as well as from Bashan, on the western slopes of which the old shady oaks (sindiân and ballūt) are flourishing still.

(Note: On the meaning of the name of this region, Bashan (Basanitis), see Comm. on Job, Appendix, Eng. Tr.)

But the idea that trees can be used to signify the houses built with the good obtained from them, is one that cannot be sustained from Isaiah 9:9 (10.), where the reference is not to houses built of sycamore and cedar wood, but to trunks of trees of the king mentioned; nor even from Nahum 2:4 (3.), where habberoshim refers to the fir lances which are brandished about in haughty thirst for battle. So again mountains and hills cannot denote the castles and fortifications built upon them, more especially as these are expressly mentioned in Isaiah 2:15 in the most literal terms. In order to understand the prophet, we must bear in mind what the Scriptures invariably assume, from their first chapter to the very close, namely, that the totality of nature is bound up with man in one common history; that man and the totality of nature are inseparably connected together as centre and circumference; that this circumference is affected by the sin which proceeds from man, as well as by the anger or the mercy which proceeds from God to man; that the judgments of God, as the history of the nations proves, involve in fellow-suffering even that part of the creation which is not free; and that this participation in the "corruption" (phthora) and "glory" (doxa) of humanity will come out with peculiar distinctness and force at the close of the world's history, in a manner corresponding to the commencement; and lastly, that the world in its present condition needs a palingenesia, or regeneration, quite as much as the corporeal nature of man, before it can become an object of good pleasure on the part of God. We cannot be surprised, therefore, that, in accordance with this fundamental view of the Scriptures, when the judgment of God fell upon Israel, it should also be described as going down to the land of Israel, and as overthrowing not only the false glory of the nation itself, but everything glorious in the surrounding nature, which had been made to minister to its national pride and love of show, and to which its sin adhered in many different ways. What the prophet foretold began to be fulfilled even in the Assyrian wars. The cedar woods of Lebanon were unsparingly destroyed; the heights and valleys of the land were trodden down and laid waste; and, in the period of the great empires which commenced with Tiglath-pileser, the Holy Land was reduced to a shadow of its former promised beauty.

Isaiah 2:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and they

Isaiah 2:10,21 Enter into the rock, and hide you in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty...

1 Samuel 13:6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves...

1 Samuel 14:11 And both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold...

Jeremiah 16:16 Behold, I will send for many fishers, said the LORD, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters...

Hosea 10:8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars...

Micah 7:17 They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earth...

Luke 23:30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

Hebrews 11:38 (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

Revelation 6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...

Revelation 9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.

earth. Heb. dust
for fear

Isaiah 2:10 Enter into the rock, and hide you in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty.

2 Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

when he

Isaiah 30:32 And in every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay on him, it shall be with tabrets and harps...

Psalm 7:6 Arise, O LORD, in your anger, lift up yourself because of the rage of my enemies...

Psalm 18:6-15 In my distress I called on the LORD, and cried to my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him...

Psalm 76:7-9 You, even you, are to be feared: and who may stand in your sight when once you are angry...

Psalm 114:5-7 What ailed you, O you sea, that you fled? you Jordan, that you were driven back...

Micah 1:3,4 For, behold, the LORD comes forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread on the high places of the earth...

Nahum 1:3-6 The LORD is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked...

Habakkuk 3:3-14 God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise...

Haggai 2:6,21,22 For thus said the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea...

Hebrews 12:26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he has promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.

2 Peter 3:10-13 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise...

Revelation 6:12-14 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, see, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair...

Revelation 11:13,19 And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell...

Revelation 16:18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightning; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were on the earth...

Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away...

Cross References
Luke 23:30
Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us,' and to the hills, 'Cover us.'

2 Thessalonians 1:9
They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might,

Hebrews 12:26
At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, "Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens."

Revelation 6:15
Then the kings of the earth and the great ones and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slave and free, hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains,

Job 9:6
who shakes the earth out of its place, and its pillars tremble;

Isaiah 2:10
Enter into the rock and hide in the dust from before the terror of the LORD, and from the splendor of his majesty.

Isaiah 2:21
to enter the caverns of the rocks and the clefts of the cliffs, from before the terror of the LORD, and from the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to terrify the earth.

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