Hosea 12:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I spoke to the prophets; it was I who multiplied visions, and through the prophets gave parables.

King James Bible
I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.

American Standard Version
I have also spoken unto the prophets, and I have multiplied visions; and by the ministry of the prophets have I used similitudes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I have spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and I have used similitudes by the ministry of the prophets.

English Revised Version
I have also spoken unto the prophets, and I have multiplied visions; and by the ministry of the prophets have I used similitudes.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes by the ministry of the prophets.

Hosea 12:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Therefore (because the woman says this), behold, thus will I hedge up thy way with thorns, and wall up a wall, and she shall not find her paths." The hedging up of the way, strengthened by the similar figure of the building of a wall to cut off the way, denotes her transportation into a situation in which she could no longer continue her adultery with the idols. The reference is to distress and tribulation (compare Hosea 5:15 with Deuteronomy 4:30; Job 3:23; Job 19:8; Lamentations 3:7), especially the distress and anguish of exile, in which, although Israel was in the midst of idolatrous nations, and therefore had even more outward opportunity to practise idolatry, it learned the worthlessness of all trust in idols, and their utter inability to help, and was thus impelled to reflect and turn to the Lord, who smites and heals (Hosea 6:1).

This thought is carried out still further in Hosea 2:7 : "And she will pursue her lovers, and not overtake them; and seek them, and not find them: and will say, I will go and return to my first husband, for it was better with me then than now." Distress at first increases their zeal in idolatry, but it soon brings them to see that the idols afford no help. The failure to reach or find the lovers, who are sought with zeal (riddēph, piel in an intensive sense, to pursue eagerly), denotes the failure to secure what is sought from them, viz., the anticipated deliverance from the calamity, which the living God has sent as a punishment. This sad experience awakens the desire to return to the faithful covenant God, and the acknowledgment that prosperity and all good things are to be found in vital fellowship with Him.

The thought that God will fill the idolatrous nation with disgust at its coquetry with strange gods, by taking away all its possessions, and thus putting to shame its delusive fancy that the possessions which it enjoyed really came from the idols, is still further expanded in the second strophe, commencing with the eighth verse. Hosea 2:8. "And she knows not that I have given her the corn, and the must, and the oil, and have multiplied silver to her, and gold, which they have used for Baal." Corn, must, and oil are specified with the definite article as being the fruits of the land, which Israel received from year to year. These possessions were the foundation of the nation's wealth, through which gold and silver were multiplied. Ignorance of the fact that Jehovah was the giver of these blessings, was a sin. That Jehovah had given the land to His people, was impressed upon the minds of the people for all time, together with the recollection of the mighty acts of the Lord, by the manner in which Israel had been put in possession of Canaan; and not only had Moses again and again reminded the Israelites most solemnly that it was He who gave rain to the land, and multiplied and blessed its fruitfulness and its fruits (compare, for example, Deuteronomy 7:13; Deuteronomy 11:14-15), but this was also perpetually called to their remembrance by the law concerning the offering of the first-fruits at the feasts. The words ‛âsū labba‛al are to be taken as a relative clause without 'asher, though not in the sense of "which they have made into Baal," i.e., out of which they have made Baal-images (Chald., Rabb., Hitzig, Ewald, and others); for even though עשׂה ל occurs in this sense in Isaiah 44:17, the article, which is wanting in Isaiah, and also in Genesis 12:2 and Exodus 32:10, precludes such an explanation here, apart from the fact that habba‛al cannot stand by itself for a statue of Baal. Here עשׂה ל has rather the general meaning "apply to anything," just as in 2 Chronicles 24:7, where it occurs in a perfectly similar train of thought. This use of the word may be obtained from the meaning "to prepare for anything," whereas the meaning "to offer," which Gesenius adopts ("which they have offered to Baal"), is untenable, since עשׂה simply denotes the preparation of the sacrifice for the altar, which is out of the question in the case of silver and gold. They had applied their gold and silver to Baal, however, not merely by using them for the preparation of idols, but by employing them in the maintenance and extension of the worship of Baal, or even by regarding them as gifts of Baal, and thus confirming themselves in the zealous worship of that god. By habba'al we are not simply to understand the Canaanitish or Phoenician Baal in the stricter sense of the word, whose worship Jehu had exterminated from Israel, though not entirely, as is evident from the allusion to an Asherah in Samaria in the reign of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 13:6); but Baal is a general expression for all idols, including the golden calves, which are called other gods in 1 Kings 14:9, and compared to actual idols.

Hosea 12:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

have also.

1 Kings 13:1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD to Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.

1 Kings 14:7-16 Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, For as much as I exalted you from among the people...

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said to Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel lives, before whom I stand...

1 Kings 18:21-40 And Elijah came to all the people, and said, How long halt you between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal...

1 Kings 19:10 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant...

2 Kings 17:13 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying...

Nehemiah 9:30 Yet many years did you forbear them, and testified against them by your spirit in your prophets: yet would they not give ear...

Jeremiah 25:4 And the LORD has sent to you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but you have not listened...

Amos 7:14 Then answered Amos, and said to Amaziah, I was no prophet, neither was I a prophet's son; but I was an herdsman...

multiplied.

Numbers 12:6 And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known to him in a vision...

Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy...

Acts 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, said God, I will pour out of my Spirit on all flesh...

2 Corinthians 12:1,7 It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord...

used.

Hosea 1:2-5 The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go...

Hosea 3:1 Then said the LORD to me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress...

Isaiah 5:1-7 Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well beloved has a vineyard in a very fruitful hill...

Isaiah 20:2-5 At the same time spoke the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth from off your loins...

Jeremiah 13:1-14 Thus said the LORD to me, Go and get you a linen girdle, and put it on your loins, and put it not in water...

Jeremiah 19:1,10 Thus said the LORD, Go and get a potter's earthen bottle, and take of the ancients of the people, and of the ancients of the priests...

Ezekiel 4:1-5:17 You also, son of man, take you a tile, and lay it before you, and portray on it the city, even Jerusalem...

Ezekiel 15:1-8 And the word of the LORD came to me, saying...

Ezekiel 20:49 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! they say of me, Does he not speak parables?

ministry. Heb. hand.

Cross References
2 Kings 17:13
Yet the LORD warned Israel and Judah by every prophet and every seer, saying, "Turn from your evil ways and keep my commandments and my statutes, in accordance with all the Law that I commanded your fathers, and that I sent to you by my servants the prophets."

Jeremiah 7:25
From the day that your fathers came out of the land of Egypt to this day, I have persistently sent all my servants the prophets to them, day after day.

Ezekiel 17:2
"Son of man, propound a riddle, and speak a parable to the house of Israel;

Ezekiel 20:49
Then I said, "Ah, Lord GOD! They are saying of me, 'Is he not a maker of parables?'"

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