Hebrews 13:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

King James Bible
Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

American Standard Version
Forget not to show love unto strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And hospitality do not forget; for by this some, being not aware of it, have entertained angels.

English Revised Version
Forget not to shew love unto strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

Webster's Bible Translation
Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for by this some have entertained angels unawares.

Weymouth New Testament
Do not neglect to show kindness to strangers; for, in this way, some, without knowing it, have had angels as their guests.

Hebrews 13:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Be not forgetful to entertain strangers (τῆς φιλοξενίας μὴ ἐπιλανθάνεσθε)

Lit. be not forgetful of hospitality. Φιλοξενία only here and Romans 12:13. olxx. Φιλόξενος hospitable, 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:8; 1 Peter 4:9. The rendering of Rev. to show love unto strangers, is affected. On the injunction comp. Romans 12:13; 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:8; 1 Peter 4:9, and see Clem. Rom. Ad Corinth. x., xi., xii. The virtue of hospitality is not distinctively Christian. It appears with the very beginnings of history, largely as the result of nomadic conditions. It was peculiarly an Oriental virtue. In the Egyptian Book of the Dead, commendatory judgment is awarded to him who has fed the hungry and clothed the naked. The O.T. abounds in illustrations, and the practice of hospitality among the Arabs and Bedoueen is familiar through the writings of travelers in the East. Great stress was laid on the duty by the Greeks, as appears constantly in Homer and elsewhere. Hospitality was regarded as a religious duty. The stranger was held to be under the special protection of Zeus, who was called ξένιος, the God of the stranger. The Romans regarded any violation of the rites of hospitality as impiety. Cicero says: "It seems to me eminently becoming that the homes of distinguished men should be open to distinguished guests, and that it is an honor to the Republic that foreigners should not lack this kind of liberality in our city" (De Off. ii.18).

Have entertained angels unawares (ἔλαθόν τινες ξεσίσαντες ἀγγέλους)

The Greek idiom is, "were not apparent as entertaining angels." The verb ἔλαθον were concealed represents the adverb unawares. For similar instances see Mark 14:8; Acts 12:16; Aristoph. Wasps, 517; Hdt. i. 44; Hom. Il. xiii. 273. Ξενίζειν to receive as a guest, mostly in Acts. In lxx only in the apocryphal books. In later Greek, to surprise with a novelty; passive, to be surprised or shocked. So 1 Peter 4:4, 1 Peter 4:12; comp. 2 Ep. of Clem. of Rome (so called), xvii.: To be a stranger or to be strange, once in N.T., Acts 17:20. Ξενισμός amazement, perplexity, not in N.T. lxx, Proverbs 15:17. Comp. Ignatius, Ephesians 19.The allusion to the unconscious entertainment of angels is probably to Genesis 18, 19, but the idea was familiar in Greek literature. The Greeks thought that any stranger might be a God in disguise. See Hom. Od. i. 96 ff.; iii.-329-370; xvii. 485. Comp. also the beautiful story of Baucis and Philemon as related by Ovid (Metam. viii. 626-724). The thought appears in our Lord's words, Matthew 25:34-46.

Hebrews 13:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

not.

Leviticus 19:34 But the stranger that dwells with you shall be to you as one born among you, and you shall love him as yourself...

Deuteronomy 10:18,19 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves the stranger, in giving him food and raiment...

1 Kings 17:10-16 So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman was there gathering of sticks...

2 Kings 4:8 And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And so it was...

Job 31:19,32 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering...

Isaiah 58:7 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Matthew 25:35,43 For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you gave me drink: I was a stranger, and you took me in...

Acts 16:15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she sought us, saying, If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord...

Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.

Romans 16:23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, salutes you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city salutes you, and Quartus a brother.

1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach;

1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet...

Titus 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;

1 Peter 4:9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging.

some.

Genesis 18:2-10 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, see, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door...

Genesis 19:1-3 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them...

Judges 13:15 And Manoah said to the angel of the LORD, I pray you, let us detain you, until we shall have made ready a kid for you.

*etc:

Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of the least of these my brothers...

Cross References
Genesis 18:1
And the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day.

Genesis 18:2
He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth

Genesis 19:1
The two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them and bowed himself with his face to the earth

Isaiah 58:7
Is it not to share your bread with the hungry and bring the homeless poor into your house; when you see the naked, to cover him, and not to hide yourself from your own flesh?

Matthew 25:35
For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me,

Romans 12:13
Contribute to the needs of the saints and seek to show hospitality.

1 Timothy 3:2
Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach,

Jump to Previous
Angels Care Conscious Entertain Entertained Forget Forgetful Guests Hospitality House Kindness Love Messengers Neglect Open Show Strangers Thereby Unawares Way
Jump to Next
Angels Care Conscious Entertain Entertained Forget Forgetful Guests Hospitality House Kindness Love Messengers Neglect Open Show Strangers Thereby Unawares Way
Links
Hebrews 13:2 NIV
Hebrews 13:2 NLT
Hebrews 13:2 ESV
Hebrews 13:2 NASB
Hebrews 13:2 KJV

Hebrews 13:2 Bible Apps
Hebrews 13:2 Biblia Paralela
Hebrews 13:2 Chinese Bible
Hebrews 13:2 French Bible
Hebrews 13:2 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Hebrews 13:1
Top of Page
Top of Page