Hebrews 1:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.”

King James Bible
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

American Standard Version
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels winds, And his ministers a flame a fire:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to the angels indeed he saith: He that maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

English Revised Version
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels winds, And his ministers a flame of fire:

Webster's Bible Translation
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

Weymouth New Testament
Moreover of the angels He says, "He changes His angels into winds, and His ministering servants into a flame of fire."

Hebrews 1:7 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Fourth quotation, Psalm 103:4, varies slightly from lxx in substituting a flame of fire for flaming fire.

Who maketh his angels spirits (ὁ ποιῶν τοὺς ἀγγέλους αὐτοῦ πνεύματα)

For spirits rend. winds This meaning is supported by the context of the Psalm, and by John 3:8. Πνεῦμα often in this sense in Class. In lxx, 1 Kings 18:45; 1 Kings 19:11; 2 Kings 3:17; Job 1:19. Of breath in N.T., 2 Thessalonians 2:8; Revelation 11:11. In Hebrew, spirit and wind are synonymous. The thought is according to the rabbinical idea of the variableness of the angelic nature. Angels were supposed to live only as they ministered. Thus it was said: "God does with his angels whatever he will. When he wishes he makes them sitting: sometimes he makes them standing: sometimes he makes them winds, sometimes fire." "The subjection of the angels is such that they must submit even to be changed into elements." "The angel said to Manoah, 'I know not to the image of what I am made; for God changes us each hour: wherefore then dost thou ask my name? Sometimes he makes us fire, sometimes wind."' The emphasis, therefore, is not on the fact that the angels are merely servants, but that their being is such that they are only what God makes them according to the needs of their service, and are, therefore, changeable, in contrast with the Son, who is ruler and unchangeable. There would be no pertinency in the statement that God makes his angels spirits, which goes without saying. The Rabbis conceived the angels as perishable. One of them is cited as saying, "Day by day the angels of service are created out of the fire. stream, and sing a song, and disappear, as is said in Lamentations 3:23, 'they are new every morning.'" For λειτουργοὺς ministers, see on ministration, Luke 1:23, and see on ministered, Acts 13:2.

Hebrews 1:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

of. Gr. unto. Who.

Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

2 Kings 2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire...

2 Kings 6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray you, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man...

Psalm 104:4 Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

Isaiah 6:2 Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet...

*Heb:

Ezekiel 1:13,14 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps...

Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered to him...

Zechariah 6:5 And the angel answered and said to me, These are the four spirits of the heavens...

Cross References
Genesis 3:24
He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

1 Kings 22:19
And Micaiah said, "Therefore hear the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing beside him on his right hand and on his left;

Psalm 104:4
he makes his messengers winds, his ministers a flaming fire.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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