Genesis 44:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he searched, beginning with the eldest and ending with the youngest. And the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.

King James Bible
And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

American Standard Version
And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left off at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which when he had searched, beginning at the eldest and ending at the youngest, he found the cup in Benjamin's sack.

English Revised Version
And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

Genesis 44:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Then as soon as it was light (אור, 3rd pers. perf. in o: Ges. 72, 1), they were sent away with their asses. But they were hardly outside the town, "not far off," when he directed his steward to follow the men, and as soon as he overtook them, to say, "Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? Is it not this from which my lord drinketh, and he is accustomed to prophesy from it? Ye have done an evil deed!" By these words they were accused of theft; the thing was taken for granted as well known to them all, and the goblet purloined was simply described as a very valuable possession of Joseph's. נחשׁ: lit., to whisper, to mumble out formularies, incantations, then to prophesy, divinare. According to this, the Egyptians at that time practised λεκανοσκοπίη or λεκανομαντεία and ὑδρομαντεία, the plate and water incantations, of which Jamblichus speaks (de myst. iii. 14), and which consisted in pouring clean water into a goblet, and then looking into the water for representations of future events; or in pouring water into a goblet or dish, dropping in pieces of gold and silver, also precious stones, and then observing and interpreting the appearances in the water (cf. Varro apud August. civ. Dei 7, 35; Plin. h. n. 37, 73; Strabo, xvi. p. 762). Traces of this have been continued even to our own day (see Norden's Journey through Egypt and Nubia). But we cannot infer with certainty from this, that Joseph actually adopted this superstitious practice. The intention of the statement may simply have been to represent the goblet as a sacred vessel, and Joseph as acquainted with the most secret things (Genesis 44:15).

Genesis 44:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

began.

Genesis 43:33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth...

and the cup.

Genesis 44:26-32 And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's face...

Genesis 42:36-38 And Jacob their father said to them, Me have you bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not...

Genesis 43:14 And God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children...

Cross References
Genesis 44:2
and put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, with his money for the grain." And he did as Joseph told him.

Genesis 44:11
Then each man quickly lowered his sack to the ground, and each man opened his sack.

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Bag Beginning Begun Benjamin Benjamin's Carefully Completed Cup Eldest Ended Ending Found Goblet Leaving Oldest Proceeded Sack Search Searched Searcheth Starting Steward Youngest
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Bag Beginning Begun Benjamin Benjamin's Carefully Completed Cup Eldest Ended Ending Found Goblet Leaving Oldest Proceeded Sack Search Searched Searcheth Starting Steward Youngest
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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