Genesis 42:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
By this you shall be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here.

King James Bible
Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

American Standard Version
hereby ye shall be proved: by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I shall now presently try what you are: by the health of Pharao you shall not depart hence, until your youngest brother come.

English Revised Version
hereby ye shall be proved: by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

Webster's Bible Translation
By this ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother shall come hither.

Genesis 42:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As the sight of his brethren bowing before him with the deepest reverence reminded Joseph of his early dreams of the sheaves and stars, which had so increased the hatred of his brethren towards him as to lead to a proposal to kill him, and an actual sale, he said to them, "Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land (i.e., the unfortified parts of the kingdom which would be easily accessible to a foe) ye are come;" and persisted in this charge notwithstanding their reply, "nay, my lord, but (ו see Ges. 155, 1b) to buy food are thy servants come. We are all one man's sons (נחנוּ for אנחנוּ, only in Exodus 16:7-8; Numbers 32:32; 2 Samuel 17:12; Lamentations 3:42): honest (כּנים) are we; thy servants are no spies." Cum exploratio sit delictum capitale, non est verisimile; quod pater tot filios uno tempore vitae periculo expositurus sit (J. Gerhard). But as their assertion failed to make any impression upon the Egyptian lord, they told him still more particularly about their family (Genesis 42:13.): "Twelve are thy servants, brothers are we, sons of a man in the land of Canaan; and behold the youngest is now with our father, and one is no more (אימנּוּ as in Genesis 5:24). Joseph then replied, "That is it (הוּא neut. like Genesis 20:16) that I spake unto you, saying ye are spies. By this shall ye be proved: By the life of Pharaoh! ye shall not (אם, like Genesis 14:23) go hence, unless your youngest brother come hither. Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother; but he shall be in bonds, and your words shall be proved, whether there be truth in you or not. By the life of Pharaoh! ye are truly spies!" He then had them put into custody for three days. By the coming of the youngest brother, Joseph wanted to test their assertion, not because he thought it possible that he might not be living with them, and they might have treated him as they did Joseph (Kn.), but because he wished to discover their feelings towards Benjamin, and see what affection they had for this son of Rachel, who had taken Joseph's place as his father's favourite. And with his harsh mode of addressing them, Joseph had no intention whatever to administer to his brethren "a just punishment for their wickedness towards him," for his heart could not have stooped to such mean revenge; but he wanted to probe thoroughly the feelings of their hearts, "whether they felt that they deserved the punishment of God for the sin they had committed," and how they felt towards their aged father and their youngest brother.

(Note: Joseph nihil aliud agit quam ut revelet peccatum fratrum hoc durissimo opere et sermone. Descendunt enim in Aegyptum una cum aliis emtum frumentum, securi et negligentes tam atrocis delicti, cujus sibi erant conscii, quasi nihil unquam deliguissent contra patrem decrepitum aut fratrem innocentem, cogitant Joseph jam diu exemtum esse rebus humanis, patrem vero rerum omnium ignarum esse. Quid ad nos? Non agunt poenitentiam. Hi silices et adamantes frangendi et conterendi sunt ac aperiendi oculi eorum, ut videant atrocitatem sceleris sui, idque ubi perfecit Joseph statim verbis et gestibus humaniorem se praebet eosque honorifice tractat. - Haec igitur atrocitas scelerum movit Joseph ad explorandos animos fratrum accuratius, ita ut non solum priorum delictorum sed et cogitationum pravarum memoriam renovaret, ac fuit sane inquisitio satis ingrata et acerba et tamen ab animo placidissimo profecta. Ego durius eos tractassem. Sed haec acerbitas, quam prae se fert, non pertinet ad vindicandum injuriam sed ad salutarem eorum poenitentiam, ut humilientur. Luther.)

Even in the fact that he did not send the one away directly to fetch Benjamin, and merely detain the rest, but put the whole ten in prison, and afterwards modified his threat (Genesis 42:18.), there was no indecision as to the manner in which he should behave towards them - no "wavering between thoughts of wrath and revenge on the one hand, and forgiving love and meekness on the other;" but he hoped by imprisoning them to make his brethren feel the earnestness of his words, and to give them time for reflection, as the curt "is no more" with which they had alluded to Joseph's removal was a sufficient proof that they had not yet truly repented of the deed.

Genesis 42:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

By the life.

Genesis 42:7,12,16,30 And Joseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange to them, and spoke roughly to them; and he said to them...

Deuteronomy 6:13 You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

1 Samuel 1:26 And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman that stood by you here, praying to the LORD.

1 Samuel 17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth?...

1 Samuel 20:3 And David swore moreover, and said, Your father certainly knows that I have found grace in your eyes; and he said...

Jeremiah 5:2,7 And though they say, The LORD lives; surely they swear falsely...

Matthew 5:33-37 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, You shall not forswear yourself...

Matthew 23:16-22 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing...

James 5:12 But above all things, my brothers, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath...

except.

Genesis 42:20,34 But bring your youngest brother to me; so shall your words be verified, and you shall not die. And they did so...

Genesis 43:3 And Judah spoke to him, saying, The man did solemnly protest to us, saying, You shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.

Genesis 44:20-34 And we said to my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead...

Cross References
Genesis 42:14
But Joseph said to them, "It is as I said to you. You are spies.

Genesis 44:21
Then you said to your servants, 'Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.'

1 Samuel 17:55
As soon as Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, "Abner, whose son is this youth?" And Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I do not know."

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