Genesis 32:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and you shall say, ‘Moreover, your servant Jacob is behind us.’” For he thought, “I may appease him with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterward I shall see his face. Perhaps he will accept me.”

King James Bible
And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.

American Standard Version
and ye shall say, Moreover, behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And ye shall add: thy servant Jacob himself also followeth after us: for he said: I will appease him with the presents that go before, and afterwards I will see him, perhaps he will be gracious to me.

English Revised Version
and ye shall say, Moreover, behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept me.

Webster's Bible Translation
And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.

Genesis 32:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Although hoping for aid and safety from the Lord alone, Jacob neglected no means of doing what might help to appease his brother. Having taken up his quarters for the night in the place where he received the tidings of Esau's approach, he selected from his flocks ("of that which came to his hand," i.e., which he had acquired) a very respectable present of 550 head of cattle, and sent them in different detachments to meet Esau, "as a present from his servant Jacob," who was coming behind. The selection was in harmony with the general possessions of nomads (cf. Job 1:3; Job 42:12), and the proportion of male to female animals was arranged according to the agricultural rule of Varro (de re rustica 2, 3). The division of the present, "drove and drove separately," i.e., into several separate droves which followed one another at certain intervals, was to serve the purpose of gradually mitigating the wrath of Esau. פּנים כּפּר, Genesis 32:21, to appease the countenance; פּנים נשׁא to raise any one's countenance, i.e., to receive him in a friendly manner. This present he sent forward; and he himself remained the same night (mentioned in Genesis 32:14) in the camp.

Genesis 32:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I will appease.

Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said to them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels...

1 Samuel 25:17-35 Now therefore know and consider what you will do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household...

Job 42:8,9 Therefore take to you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering...

Proverbs 15:18 A wrathful man stirs up strife: but he that is slow to anger appeases strife.

Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.

Proverbs 21:14 A gift in secret pacifies anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.

peradventure.

1 Samuel 6:5 Why you shall make images of your tumors, and images of your mice that mar the land; and you shall give glory to the God of Israel...

1 Kings 20:31 And his servants said to him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings: let us, I pray you...

Jonah 3:9 Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

of me. Heb. my face.

Job 42:8,9 Therefore take to you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering...

Proverbs 6:35 He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though you give many gifts.

Cross References
Genesis 32:19
He likewise instructed the second and the third and all who followed the droves, "You shall say the same thing to Esau when you find him,

Genesis 32:21
So the present passed on ahead of him, and he himself stayed that night in the camp.

Genesis 43:11
Then their father Israel said to them, "If it must be so, then do this: take some of the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry a present down to the man, a little balm and a little honey, gum, myrrh, pistachio nuts, and almonds.

1 Samuel 25:19
And she said to her young men, "Go on before me; behold, I come after you." But she did not tell her husband Nabal.

Proverbs 18:16
A man's gift makes room for him and brings him before the great.

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