Genesis 30:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, she envied her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children, or I shall die!”

King James Bible
And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.

American Standard Version
And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and she said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Rachel, seeing herself without children, envied her sister, and said to her husband: Give me children, otherwise I shall die.

English Revised Version
And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and she said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said to Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.

Genesis 30:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Fulfil her week;" i.e., let Leah's marriage-week pass over. The wedding feast generally lasted a week (cf. Judges 14:12; Job 11:19). After this week had passed, he received Rachel also: two wives in eight days. To each of these Laban gave one maid-servant to wait upon her; less, therefore, than Bethuel gave to his daughter (Genesis 24:61). - This bigamy of Jacob must not be judged directly by the Mosaic law, which prohibits marriage with two sisters at the same time (Leviticus 18:18), or set down as incest (Calvin, etc.), since there was no positive law on the point in existence then. At the same time, it is not to be justified on the ground, that the blessing of God made it the means of the fulfilment of His promise, viz., the multiplication of the seed of Abraham into a great nation. Just as it had arisen from Laban's deception and Jacob's love, which regarded outward beauty alone, and therefore from sinful infirmities, so did it become in its results a true school of affliction to Jacob, in which God showed to him, by many a humiliation, that such conduct as his was quite unfitted to accomplish the divine counsels, and thus condemned the ungodliness of such a marriage, and prepared the way for the subsequent prohibition in the law.

Genesis 30:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when Rachel.

Genesis 29:31 And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

Rachel envied. Envy and jealousy are most tormenting passions to the breast which harbours them, vexatious to all around, and introductory to much impatience and ungodliness. 'Who is able to stand before envy?'

Genesis 37:11 And his brothers envied him; but his father observed the saying.

1 Samuel 1:4-8 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions...

Psalm 106:16 They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the LORD.

Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor...

1 Corinthians 3:3 For you are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are you not carnal, and walk as men?

Galatians 5:21 Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past...

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

James 3:14 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

James 4:5 Do you think that the scripture said in vain, The spirit that dwells in us lusts to envy?

or else I die.

Genesis 35:16-19 And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labor...

Genesis 37:11 And his brothers envied him; but his father observed the saying.

Numbers 11:15,29 And if you deal thus with me, kill me, I pray you, out of hand, if I have found favor in your sight...

1 Kings 19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree...

Job 3:1-3,11,20-22 After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day...

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Job 13:19 Who is he that will plead with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost.

Jeremiah 20:14-18 Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bore me be blessed...

John 4:3,8 He left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee...

2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world works death.

Cross References
Genesis 29:31
When the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.

1 Samuel 1:5
But to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved her, though the LORD had closed her womb.

1 Samuel 1:6
And her rival used to provoke her grievously to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.

Proverbs 30:16
Sheol, the barren womb, the land never satisfied with water, and the fire that never says, "Enough."

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