Genesis 3:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be contrary to your husband, but he shall rule over you.”

King James Bible
Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

American Standard Version
Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy pain and thy conception; in pain thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
To the woman also he said: I will multiply thy sorrows, and thy conceptions: in sorrow shalt thou bring forth children, and thou shalt be under thy husband's power, and he shall have dominion over thee.

English Revised Version
Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children: and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

Genesis 3:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

It was not till the prospect of victory had been presented, that a sentence of punishment was pronounced upon both the man and the woman on account of their sin. The woman, who had broken the divine command for the sake of earthly enjoyment, was punished in consequence with the sorrows and pains of pregnancy and childbirth. "I will greatly multiply (הרבּה is the inf. abs. for הרבּה, which had become an adverb: vid., Ewald, 240c, as in Genesis 16:10 and Genesis 22:17) thy sorrow and thy pregnancy: in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children." As the increase of conceptions, regarded as the fulfilment of the blessing to "be fruitful and multiply" (Genesis 1:28), could be no punishment, והרנך must be understood as in apposition to עצּבונך thy sorrow (i.e., the sorrows peculiar to a woman's life), and indeed (or more especially) thy pregnancy (i.e., the sorrows attendant upon that condition). The sentence is not rendered more lucid by the assumption of a hendiadys. "That the woman should bear children was the original will of God; but it was a punishment that henceforth she was to bear them in sorrow, i.e., with pains which threatened her own life as well as that of the child" (Delitzsch). The punishment consisted in an enfeebling of nature, in consequence of sin, which disturbed the normal relation between body and soul. - The woman had also broken through her divinely appointed subordination to the man; she had not only emancipated herself from the man to listen to the serpent, but had led the man into sin. For that, she was punished with a desire bordering upon disease (תּשׁוּקה from שׁוּק to run, to have a violent craving for a thing), and with subjection to the man. "And he shall rule over thee." Created for the man, the woman was made subordinate to him from the very first; but the supremacy of the man was not intended to become a despotic rule, crushing the woman into a slave, which has been the rule in ancient and modern Heathenism, and even in Mahometanism also-a rule which was first softened by the sin-destroying grace of the Gospel, and changed into a form more in harmony with the original relation, viz., that of a rule on the one hand, and subordination on the other, which have their roots in mutual esteem and love.

Genesis 3:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in sorrow.

Genesis 35:16-18 And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labor...

1 Samuel 4:19-21 And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be delivered...

Psalm 48:6 Fear took hold on them there, and pain, as of a woman in travail.

Isaiah 13:8 And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travails...

Isaiah 21:3 Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold on me, as the pangs of a woman that travails...

Isaiah 26:17,18 Like as a woman with child, that draws near the time of her delivery, is in pain, and cries out in her pangs...

Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many...

Jeremiah 4:31 For I have heard a voice as of a woman in travail, and the anguish as of her that brings forth her first child...

Jeremiah 6:24 We have heard the fame thereof: our hands wax feeble: anguish has taken hold of us, and pain, as of a woman in travail.

Jeremiah 13:21 What will you say when he shall punish you? for you have taught them to be captains, and as chief over you: shall not sorrows take you...

Jeremiah 22:23 O inhabitant of Lebanon, that make your nest in the cedars, how gracious shall you be when pangs come on you...

Jeremiah 49:24 Damascus is waxed feeble, and turns herself to flee, and fear has seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her...

Micah 4:9,10 Now why do you cry out aloud? is there no king in you? is your counselor perished? for pangs have taken you as a woman in travail...

John 16:21 A woman when she is in travail has sorrow, because her hour is come: but as soon as she is delivered of the child...

1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction comes on them, as travail on a woman with child...

1 Timothy 2:15 Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.

thy desire.

Genesis 4:7 If you do well, shall you not be accepted? and if you do not well, sin lies at the door. And to you shall be his desire...

to. or, subject to. rule.

Numbers 30:7,8,13 And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her in the day that he heard it: then her vows shall stand...

Esther 1:20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire...

1 Corinthians 7:4 The wife has not power of her own body, but the husband: and likewise also the husband has not power of his own body, but the wife.

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.

1 Corinthians 14:34 Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted to them to speak...

Ephesians 5:22-24 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as to the Lord...

Colossians 3:18 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as it is fit in the Lord.

1 Timothy 2:11,12 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection...

Titus 2:5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

1 Peter 3:1-6 Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word...

Cross References
John 16:21
When a woman is giving birth, she has sorrow because her hour has come, but when she has delivered the baby, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world.

1 Corinthians 11:3
But I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ, the head of a wife is her husband, and the head of Christ is God.

1 Corinthians 14:34
the women should keep silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, but should be in submission, as the Law also says.

1 Timothy 2:13
For Adam was formed first, then Eve;

1 Timothy 2:15
Yet she will be saved through childbearing--if they continue in faith and love and holiness, with self-control.

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