Genesis 15:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But I will bring judgment on the nation that they serve, and afterward they shall come out with great possessions.

King James Bible
And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

American Standard Version
and also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But I will judge the nation which they shall serve, and after this they shall come out with great substance.

English Revised Version
and also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

Webster's Bible Translation
And also that nation which they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

Genesis 15:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Abram's question, "Whereby shall I know that I shall take possession of it (the land)?" was not an expression of doubt, but of desire for the confirmation or sealing of a promise, which transcended human thought and conception. To gratify this desire, God commanded him to make preparation for the conclusion of a covenant. "Take Me, He said, a heifer of three years old, and a she-goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon;" one of every species of the animals suitable for sacrifice. Abram took these, and "divided them in the midst," i.e., in half, "and placed one half of each opposite to the other (בּתרו אישׁ, every one its half, cf. Genesis 42:25; Numbers 16:17); only the birds divided he not," just as in sacrifice the doves were not divided into pieces, but placed upon the fire whole (Leviticus 1:17). The animals chosen, as well as the fact that the doves were left whole, corresponded exactly to the ritual of sacrifice. Yet the transaction itself was not a real sacrifice, since there was neither sprinkling of blood nor offering upon an altar (oblatio), and no mention is made of the pieces being burned. The proceeding corresponded rather to the custom, prevalent in many ancient nations, of slaughtering animals when concluding a covenant, and after dividing them into pieces, of laying the pieces opposite to one another, that the persons making the covenant might pass between them. Thus Ephraem Syrus (1, 161) observes, that God condescended to follow the custom of the Chaldeans, that He might in the most solemn manner confirm His oath to Abram the Chaldean. The wide extension of this custom is evident from the expression used to denote the conclusion of a covenant, בּרית כּרת to hew, or cut a covenant, Aram. קרם גּרז, Greek ὅρκια τέμνειν, faedus ferire, i.e., ferienda hostia facere faedus; cf. Bochart (Hieroz. 1, 332); whilst it is evident from Jeremiah 34:18, that this was still customary among the Israelites of later times. The choice of sacrificial animals for a transaction which was not strictly a sacrifice, was founded upon the symbolical significance of the sacrificial animals, i.e., upon the fact that they represented and took the place of those who offered them. In the case before us, they were meant to typify the promised seed of Abram. This would not hold good, indeed, if the cutting of the animals had been merely intended to signify, that any who broke the covenant would be treated like the animals that were there cut in pieces. But there is no sure ground in Jeremiah 34:18. for thus interpreting the ancient custom. The meaning which the prophet there assigns to the symbolical usage, may be simply a different application of it, which does not preclude an earlier and different intention in the symbol. The division of the animals probably denoted originally the two parties to the covenant, and the passing of the latter through the pieces laid opposite to one another, their formation into one: a signification to which the other might easily have been attached as a further consequence and explanation. And if in such a case the sacrificial animals represented the parties to the covenant, so also even in the present instance the sacrificial animals were fitted for that purpose, since, although originally representing only the owner or offerer of the sacrifice, by their consecration as sacrifices they were also brought into connection with Jehovah. But in the case before us the animals represented Abram and his seed, not in the fact of their being slaughtered, as significant of the slaying of that seed, but only in what happened to and in connection with the slaughtered animals: birds of prey attempted to eat them, and when extreme darkness came on, the glory of God passed through them. As all the seed of Abram was concerned, one of every kind of animal suitable for sacrifice was taken, ut ex toto populo et singulis partibus sacrificium unum fieret (Calvin). The age of the animals, three years old, was supposed by Theodoret to refer to the three generations of Israel which were to remain in Egypt, or the three centuries of captivity in a foreign land; and this is rendered very probable by the fact, that in Judges 6:25 the bullock of seven years old undoubtedly refers to the seven years of Midianitish oppression. On the other hand, we cannot find in the six halves of the three animals and the undivided birds, either 7 things or the sacred number 7, for two undivided birds cannot represent one whole, but two; nor can we attribute to the eight pieces any symbolical meaning, for these numbers necessarily followed from the choice of one specimen of every kind of animal that was fit for sacrifice, and from the division of the larger animals into two.

Genesis 15:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that.

Genesis 46:1-34 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac...

Exodus 6:5,6 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant...

Exodus 7:1-14:31 And the LORD said to Moses, See, I have made you a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet...

Deuteronomy 4:20 But the LORD has taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be to him a people of inheritance...

Deuteronomy 6:22 And the LORD showed signs and wonders, great and sore, on Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his household, before our eyes:

Deuteronomy 7:18,19 You shall not be afraid of them: but shall well remember what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh, and to all Egypt...

Deuteronomy 11:2-4 And know you this day: for I speak not with your children which have not known...

Joshua 24:4-7,17 And I gave to Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave to Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt...

1 Samuel 12:8 When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried to the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron...

Nehemiah 9:9-11 And did see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heard their cry by the Red sea...

Psalm 51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned, and done this evil in your sight: that you might be justified when you speak...

Psalm 78:43-51 How he had worked his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan...

Psalm 105:27-37 They showed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham...

Psalm 135:9,14 Who sent tokens and wonders into the middle of you, O Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his servants...

with.

Exodus 3:21,22 And I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when you go, you shall not go empty...

Exodus 12:35,36 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold...

Psalm 105:37 He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes.

Cross References
Exodus 3:10
Come, I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt."

Exodus 3:22
but each woman shall ask of her neighbor, and any woman who lives in her house, for silver and gold jewelry, and for clothing. You shall put them on your sons and on your daughters. So you shall plunder the Egyptians."

Exodus 12:32
Take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!"

Psalm 105:42
For he remembered his holy promise, and Abraham, his servant.

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