Galatians 2:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But when I saw that their conduct was not in step with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you force the Gentiles to live like Jews?”

King James Bible
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

American Standard Version
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Cephas before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest as do the Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, how compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

Douay-Rheims Bible
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly unto the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all: If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of the Gentiles, and not as the Jews do, how dost thou compel the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

English Revised Version
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Cephas before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest as do the Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, how compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

Webster's Bible Translation
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

Weymouth New Testament
As soon as I saw that they were not walking uprightly in the spirit of the Good News, I said to Peter, before them all, "If you, though you are a Jew, live as a Gentile does, and not as a Jew, how can you make the Gentiles follow Jewish customs?

Galatians 2:14 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

See additional note at the end of this chapter.

Walked not uprightly (ὀρθοποδοῦσιν)

Lit. are not walking. N.T.o. olxx. oClass. Lit. to be straight-footed.

Being a Jew (ὑπάρχων)

The verb means originally to begin; thence to come forth, be at hand, be in existence. It is sometimes claimed that ὑπάρχειν as distinguished from εἶναι implies an antecedent condition - being originally. That is true in some cases. But, on the other hand, it sometimes denotes a present as related to a future condition. The most that can be said is that it often is found simply in the sense of to be.

Livest after the manner of Gentiles (ἐθνικῶς ζῇς)

Ἑθνικῶς, N.T.o. The force of the present livest must not be pressed. The reference is not strictly temporal, either as referring to Peter's former intercourse with the Gentile Christians, or as indicating that he was now associating with them at table. It is rather the statement of a general principle. If you, at whatever time, act on the principle of living according to Gentile usage. At the time of Paul's address to Peter, Peter was living after the manner of Jews (Ἱουδαΐκῶς).

Compellest (ἀναγκάζεις)

Indirect compulsion exerted by Peter's example. Not that he directly imposed Jewish separatism on the Gentile converts.

To live as do the Jews (Ἱουδαΐ̀ζειν)

N.T.o. Once in lxx, Esther 8:17. Also in Joseph. B. J. 2:18, 2, and Plut. Cic. 7. It is used by Ignatius, Magn. x. Χριστιανίζειν to practice Christianity occurs in Origen.

Galatians 2:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

walked.

Psalm 15:2 He that walks uprightly, and works righteousness, and speaks the truth in his heart.

Psalm 58:1 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, O you sons of men?

Psalm 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.

Proverbs 2:7 He lays up sound wisdom for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly.

Proverbs 10:9 He that walks uprightly walks surely: but he that perverts his ways shall be known.

the truth. See on ver.

Galatians 2:5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

Romans 14:14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteems any thing to be unclean...

1 Timothy 4:3-5 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats...

Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

I said.

Galatians 2:11 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.

Leviticus 19:17 You shall not hate your brother in your heart: you shall in any wise rebuke your neighbor, and not suffer sin on him.

Psalm 141:5 Let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove me; it shall be an excellent oil, which shall not break my head...

Proverbs 27:5,6 Open rebuke is better than secret love...

1 Timothy 5:20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

If thou.

Galatians 2:12,13 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself...

Acts 10:28 And he said to them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company...

Acts 11:3-18 Saying, You went in to men uncircumcised, and did eat with them...

why.

Galatians 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised...

Acts 15:10,11,19-21,24,28,29 Now therefore why tempt you God, to put a yoke on the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear...

Cross References
Proverbs 27:5
Better is open rebuke than hidden love.

Acts 10:28
And he said to them, "You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with or to visit anyone of another nation, but God has shown me that I should not call any person common or unclean.

Acts 15:1
But some men came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, "Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved."

Acts 15:5
But some believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees rose up and said, "It is necessary to circumcise them and to order them to keep the law of Moses."

Galatians 1:6
I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel--

Galatians 1:18
Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas and remained with him fifteen days.

Galatians 2:5
to them we did not yield in submission even for a moment, so that the truth of the gospel might be preserved for you.

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