Ezekiel 12:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the inhabited cities shall be laid waste, and the land shall become a desolation; and you shall know that I am the LORD.”

King James Bible
And the cities that are inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be desolate; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

American Standard Version
And the cities that are inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be a desolation; and ye shall know that I am Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the cities that are now inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be desolate: and you shall know that I am the Lord.

English Revised Version
And the cities that are inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be a desolation; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the cities that are inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be desolate; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

Ezekiel 12:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Symbol of the Emigration

Ezekiel 12:1. And the word of Jehovah came to me, saying, Ezekiel 12:2. Son of man, thou dwellest amidst the refractory generation, who have eyes to see, and see not; and have ears to hear, and hear not; for they are a refractory generation. Ezekiel 12:3. And thou, son of man, make thyself an outfit for exile, and depart by day before their eyes; and depart from thy place to another place before their eyes: perhaps they might see, for they are a refractory generation. Ezekiel 12:4. And carry out thy things like an outfit for exile by day before their eyes; but do thou go out in the evening before their eyes, as when going out to exile. Ezekiel 12:5. Before their eyes break through the wall, and carry it out there. Ezekiel 12:6. Before their eyes take it upon thy shoulder, carry it out in the darkness; cover thy face, and look not upon the land; for I have set thee as a sign to the house of Israel. Ezekiel 12:7. And I did so as I was commanded: I carried out my things like an outfit for exile by day, and in the evening I broke through the wall with my hand; I carried it out in the darkness; I took it upon my shoulder before their eyes. - In Ezekiel 12:2 the reason is assigned for the command to perform the symbolical action, namely, the hard-heartedness of the people. Because the generation in the midst of which Ezekiel dwelt was blind, with seeing eyes, and deaf, with hearing ears, the prophet was to depict before its eyes, by means of the sign that followed, the judgment which was approaching; in the hope, as is added in Ezekiel 12:3, that they might possibly observe and lay the sign to heart. The refractoriness (בּית מרי, as in Ezekiel 2:5-6; Ezekiel 3:26, etc.) is described as obduracy, viz., having eyes, and not seeing; having ears, and not hearing, after Deuteronomy 29:3 (cf. Jeremiah 5:21; Isaiah 6:9; Matthew 13:14-15). The root of this mental blindness and deafness was to be found in obstinacy, i.e., in not willing; "in that presumptuous insolence," as Michaelis says, "through which divine light can obtain no admission." כּלי גולה, the goods (or outfit) of exile, were a pilgrim's staff and traveller's wallet, with the provisions and utensils necessary for a journey. Ezekiel was to carry these out of the house into the street in the day-time, that the people might see them and have their attention called to them. Then in the evening, after dark, he was to go out himself, not by the door of the house, but through a hole which he had broken in the wall. He was also to take the travelling outfit upon his shoulder and carry it through the hole and out of the place, covering his face all the while, that he might not see the land to which he was going. "Thy place" is thy dwelling-place. כּמוצאי : as the departures of exiles generally take place, i.e., as exiles are accustomed to depart, not "at the usual time of departure into exile," as Hהvernick proposes. For מוחא, see the comm. on Micah 5:1. בּעלטה differs from בּערב, and signifies the darkness of the depth of night (cf. Genesis 15:17); not, however, "darkness artificially produced, equivalent to, with the eyes shut, or the face covered; so that the words which follow are simply explanatory of בּעלטה," as Schmieder imagines. Such an assumption would be at variance not only with Ezekiel 12:7, but also with Ezekiel 12:12, where the covering or concealing of the face is expressly distinguished from the carrying out "in the dark." The order was to be as follows: In the day-time Ezekiel was to take the travelling outfit and carry it out into the road; then in the evening he was to go out himself, having first of all broken a hole through the wall as evening was coming on; and in the darkness of night he was to place upon his shoulders whatever he was about to carry with him, and take his departure. This he was to do, because God had made him a mōphēth for Israel: in other words, by doing this he was to show himself to be a marvellous sign to Israel. For mōphēth, see the comm. on Exodus 4:21. In Ezekiel 12:7, the execution of the command, which evidently took place in the strictness of the letter, is fully described. There was nothing impracticable in the action, for breaking through the wall did not preclude the use of a hammer or some other tool.

Ezekiel 12:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 15:6,8 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; As the vine tree among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel...

Isaiah 3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit on the ground.

Isaiah 7:23,24 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand sliver coins...

Isaiah 24:3,12 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD has spoken this word...

Isaiah 64:10,11 Your holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation...

Jeremiah 4:7,23-29 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way...

Jeremiah 12:10-12 Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot...

Jeremiah 16:9 For thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will cause to cease out of this place in your eyes, and in your days...

Jeremiah 19:11 And shall say to them, Thus said the LORD of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaks a potter's vessel...

Jeremiah 24:8-10 And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so evil; surely thus said the LORD, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah...

Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, said the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant...

Jeremiah 34:22 Behold, I will command, said the LORD, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it...

Lamentations 5:18 Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk on it.

Daniel 9:17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of your servant, and his supplications...

Cross References
Isaiah 3:26
And her gates shall lament and mourn; empty, she shall sit on the ground.

Isaiah 7:23
In that day every place where there used to be a thousand vines, worth a thousand shekels of silver, will become briers and thorns.

Isaiah 7:24
With bow and arrows a man will come there, for all the land will be briers and thorns.

Jeremiah 4:7
A lion has gone up from his thicket, a destroyer of nations has set out; he has gone out from his place to make your land a waste; your cities will be ruins without inhabitant.

Jeremiah 25:9
behold, I will send for all the tribes of the north, declares the LORD, and for Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and I will bring them against this land and its inhabitants, and against all these surrounding nations. I will devote them to destruction, and make them a horror, a hissing, and an everlasting desolation.

Ezekiel 5:14
Moreover, I will make you a desolation and an object of reproach among the nations all around you and in the sight of all who pass by.

Ezekiel 12:15
And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I disperse them among the nations and scatter them among the countries.

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