Exodus 32:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them, in order that I may make a great nation of you.”

King James Bible
Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

American Standard Version
now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let me alone, that my wrath may be kindled against them, and that I may destroy them, and I will make of thee a great nation.

English Revised Version
now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

Exodus 32:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

He took (the golden ear-rings) from their hands, and formed it (the gold) with the graving-tool, or chisel, and made it a molten calf." Out of the many attempts that have been made at interpreting the words בּחרט אתו ויּצר, there are only two that deserve any notice, viz., the one adopted by Bochart and Schroeder, "he bound it up in a bag," and the one given by the earlier translators, "he fashioned (יצר, as in 1 Kings 7:15) the gold with the chisel." No doubt ויּצר (from צוּר equals צרר) does occur in the sense of binding in 2 Kings 5:23, and חרט may certainly be used for חריט a bag; but why should Aaron first tie up the golden ear-rings in a bag? And if he did so, why this superfluous and incongruous allusion to the fact? We give in our adhesion to the second, which is adopted by the lxx, Onkelos, the Syriac, and even Jonathan, though the other rendering is also interpolated into the text. Such objections, as that the calf is expressly spoken of as molten work, or that files are used, and not chisels, for giving a finer finish to casts, have no force whatever. The latter is not even correct. A graving-knife is quite as necessary as a file for chiselling, and giving a finer finish to things cast in a mould; and cheret does not necessarily mean a chisel, but may signify any tool employed for carving, engraving, and shaping hard metals. The other objection rests upon the supposition that massecah means an image made entirely of metal (e.g., gold). But this cannot be sustained. Apart from the fact, that most of the larger idols worshipped by the ancients had a wooden centre, and were merely covered with gold plate, such passages as Isaiah 40:19 and Isaiah 30:22 prove, not only that the casting of gold for idols consisted merely in casting the metal into a flat sheet, which the goldsmith hammered out and spread into a coating of gold plate, but also that a wooden image, when covered in this way with a coating of gold, was actually called massecah. And Aaron's molten calf was also made in this way: it was first of all formed of wood, and then covered with gold plate. This is evident from the way in which it was destroyed: the image was first of all burnt, and then beaten or crushed to pieces, and pounded or ground to powder (Deuteronomy 9:21); i.e., the wooden centre was first burnt into charcoal, and then the golden covering beaten or rubbed to pieces (Exodus 32:20 compared with Deuteronomy 9:21).

The "golden calf" (עגל a young bull) was copied from the Egyptian Apis (vid., Hengstenberg, Dissertations); but for all that, it was not the image of an Egyptian deity-it was no symbol of the generative or bearing power of nature, but an image of Jehovah. For when it was finished, those who had made the image, and handed it over to the people, said, "This is thy God (pluralis majest.), O Israel, who brought thee out of Egypt." This is the explanation adopted in Psalm 106:19-20.

Exodus 32:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

let me alone

Genesis 18:32,33 And he said, Oh let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said...

Genesis 32:26-28 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaks. And he said, I will not let you go, except you bless me...

Numbers 14:19,20 Pardon, I beseech you, the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of your mercy, and as you have forgiven this people...

Numbers 16:22,45-48 And they fell on their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin...

Deuteronomy 9:14,19 Let me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven...

Jeremiah 14:11 Then said the LORD to me, Pray not for this people for their good.

Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD to me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, yet my mind could not be toward this people...

James 5:16 Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that you may be healed...

my wrath

Exodus 32:11,19 And Moses sought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why does your wrath wax hot against your people...

Exodus 22:24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

and I will

Numbers 14:12 I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of you a greater nation and mightier than they.

Deuteronomy 9:14,19 Let me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven...

Cross References
Exodus 33:3
Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; but I will not go up among you, lest I consume you on the way, for you are a stiff-necked people."

Numbers 14:12
I will strike them with the pestilence and disinherit them, and I will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they."

Numbers 16:21
"Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment."

Deuteronomy 9:14
Let me alone, that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven. And I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.'

Deuteronomy 9:19
For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure that the LORD bore against you, so that he was ready to destroy you. But the LORD listened to me that time also.

Psalm 106:23
Therefore he said he would destroy them-- had not Moses, his chosen one, stood in the breach before him, to turn away his wrath from destroying them.

Jeremiah 7:16
"As for you, do not pray for this people, or lift up a cry or prayer for them, and do not intercede with me, for I will not hear you.

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