Exodus 16:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the whole congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness,

King James Bible
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

American Standard Version
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

English Revised Version
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

Exodus 16:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Exodus 15:22-24

Leaving the Red Sea, they went into the desert of Shur. This name is given to the tract of desert which separates Egypt from Palestine, and also from the more elevated parts of the desert of Arabia, and stretches from the Mediterranean to the head of the Arabian Gulf or Red Sea, and thence along the eastern shore of the sea to the neighbourhood of the Wady Gharandel. In Numbers 33:8 it is called the desert of Etham, from the town of Etham, which stood upon the border (see Exodus 13:20). The spot where the Israelites encamped after crossing the sea, and sang praises to the Lord for their gracious deliverance, is supposed to have been the present Ayun Musa (the springs of Moses), the only green spot in the northern part of this desolate tract of desert, where water could be obtained. At the present time there are several springs there, which yield a dark, brackish, though drinkable water, and a few stunted palms; and even till a very recent date country houses have been built and gardens laid out there by the richer inhabitants of Suez. From this point the Israelites went three days without finding water, till they came to Marah, where there was water, but so bitter that they could not drink it. The first spot on the road from Ayun Musa to Sinai where water can be found, is in the well of Howra, 33 English miles from the former. It is now a basin of 6 or 8 feet in diameter, with two feet of water in it, but so disagreeably bitter and salt, that the Bedouins consider it the worst water in the whole neighbourhood (Robinson, i. 96). The distance from Ayun Musa and the quality of the water both favour the identity of Howra and Marah. A whole people, travelling with children, cattle, and baggage, could not accomplish the distance in less than three days, and there is no other water on the road from Ayum Musa to Howra. Hence, from the time of Burckhardt, who was the first to rediscover the well, Howra has been regarded as the Marah of the Israelites. In the Wady Amara, a barren valley two hours to the north of Howra, where Ewald looked for it, there is not water to be found; and in the Wady Gharandel, two hours to the south, to which Lepsius assigned it, the quality of the water does not agree with our account.

(Note: The small quantity of water at Howra, "which is hardly sufficient for a few hundred men, to say nothing of so large an army as the Israelites formed" (Seetzen), is no proof that Howra and Marah are not identical. For the spring, which is now sanded up, may have flowed more copiously at one time, when it was kept in better order. Its present neglected state is the cause of the scarcity.)

It is true that no trace of the name has been preserved; but it seems to have been given to the place by the Israelites simply on account of the bitterness of the water. This furnished the people with an inducement to murmur against Moses (Exodus 15:24). They had probably taken a supply of water from Ayum Musa for the three days' march into the desert. But this store was now exhausted; and, as Luther says, "when the supply fails, our faith is soon gone." Thus even Israel forgot the many proofs of the grace of God, which it had received already.

Exodus 16:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

Genesis 19:4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young...

Psalm 106:7,13,25 Our fathers understood not your wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of your mercies; but provoked him at the sea...

1 Corinthians 10:10 Neither murmur you, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:10
nor grumble, as some of them did and were destroyed by the Destroyer.

Exodus 5:21
and they said to them, "The LORD look on you and judge, because you have made us stink in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants, and have put a sword in their hand to kill us."

Exodus 14:11
They said to Moses, "Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What have you done to us in bringing us out of Egypt?

Exodus 15:24
And the people grumbled against Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?"

Exodus 17:3
But the people thirsted there for water, and the people grumbled against Moses and said, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?"

Numbers 14:22
none of the men who have seen my glory and my signs that I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and yet have put me to the test these ten times and have not obeyed my voice,

Psalm 106:13
But they soon forgot his works; they did not wait for his counsel.

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