Esther 1:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
while he showed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor and pomp of his greatness for many days, 180 days.

King James Bible
When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.

American Standard Version
when he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even a hundred and fourscore days.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That he might shew the riches of the glory of his kingdom, and the greatness, and boasting of his power, for a long time, to wit, for a hundred and fourscore days.

English Revised Version
when he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days. t

Webster's Bible Translation
When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even a hundred and eighty days.

Esther 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Nehemiah acted with greater severity towards one of the sons of Joiada the high priest, and son-in-law of Sanballat. He drove him from him (מעלי, that he might not be a burden to me). The reason for this is not expressly stated, but is involved in the fact that he was son-in-law to Sanballat, i.e., had married a daughter of Sanballat the Horonite (Nehemiah 2:10), who was so hostile to Nehemiah and to the Jewish community in general, and would not comply with the demand of Nehemiah that he should dismiss this wife. In this case, Nehemiah was obliged to interfere with authority. For this marriage was a pollution of the priesthood, and a breach of the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites. Hence he closes the narrative of this occurrence with the wish, Nehemiah 13:29, that God would be mindful of them (להם, of those who had done such evil) on account of this pollution, etc., i.e., would punish or chastise them for it. גּאלי, stat. constr. pl. from גּאל, pollution (plurale tant.). It was a pollution of the priesthood to marry a heathen woman, such marriage being opposed to the sacredness of the priestly office, which a priest was to consider even in the choice of a wife, and because of which he might marry neither a whore, nor a feeble nor a divorced woman, while the high priest mighty marry only a virgin of his own people (Leviticus 21:7, Leviticus 21:14). The son of Joiada who had married a daughter of Sanballat was not indeed his presumptive successor (Johanan, Nehemiah 12:11), for then he would have been spoken of by name, but a younger son, and therefore a simple priest; he was, however, so nearly related to the high priest, that by his marriage with a heathen woman the holiness of the high-priestly house was polluted, and therewith also "the covenant of the priesthood," i.e., not the covenant of the everlasting priesthood which God granted to Phinehas for his zeal (Numbers 25:13), but the covenant which God concluded with the tribe of Levi, the priesthood, and the Levites, by choosing the tribe of Levi, and of that tribe Aaron and his descendants, to be His priest (לו לכהנו, Exodus 28:1). This covenant required, on the part of the priests, that they should be "holy to the Lord" (Leviticus 21:6, Leviticus 21:8), who had chosen them to be ministers of His sanctuary and stewards of His grace.

Josephus (Ant. xi. 7. 2) relates the similar fact, that Manasseh, a brother of the high priest Jaddua, married Nikaso, a daughter of the satrap Sanballat, a Cuthite; that when the Jewish authorities on that account excluded him from the priesthood, he established, by the assistant of his father-in-law, the temple and worship on Mount Gerizim (xi. 8. 2-4), and that many priests made common cause with him. Now, though Josephus calls this Manasseh a brother of Jaddua, thus making him a grandson of Joiada, and transposing the establishment of the Samaritan worship on Gerizim to the last years of Darius Codomannus and the first of Alexander of Macedon, it can scarcely be misunderstood that, notwithstanding these discrepancies, the same occurrence which Nehemiah relates in the present verses is intended by Josephus. The view of older theologians, to which also Petermann (art. Samaria in Herzog's Realenc. xiii. p. 366f.) assents, that there were two Sanballats, one in the days of Nehemiah, the other in the time of Alexander the Great, and that both had sons-in-law belonging to the high-priestly family, is very improbable; and the transposition of the fact by Josephus to the times of Darius Codomannus and Alexander accords with the usual and universally acknowledged incorrectness of his chronological combinations. He makes, e.g., Nehemiah arrive at Jerusalem in the twenty-fifth year of Xerxes, instead of the twentieth of Artaxerxes, while Xerxes reigned only twenty years.

Esther 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When he.

Isaiah 39:2 And Hezekiah was glad of them, and showed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices...

Ezekiel 28:5 By your great wisdom and by your traffic have you increased your riches, and your heart is lifted up because of your riches:

Daniel 4:30 The king spoke, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power...

the riches.

Psalm 76:1-4 In Judah is God known: his name is great in Israel...

Psalm 145:5,12,13 I will speak of the glorious honor of your majesty, and of your wondrous works...

Daniel 2:37-44 You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory...

Daniel 7:9-14 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow...

Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil takes him up into an exceeding high mountain, and shows him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For your is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory,

Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of his calling...

Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you...

Revelation 4:11 You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for you have created all things...

excellent.

1 Chronicles 29:11,12,25 Yours, O LORD is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty...

Job 40:10 Deck yourself now with majesty and excellency; and array yourself with glory and beauty.

Psalm 21:5 His glory is great in your salvation: honor and majesty have you laid on him.

Psalm 45:3 Gird your sword on your thigh, O most mighty, with your glory and your majesty.

Psalm 93:1 The LORD reigns, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, with which he has girded himself...

Daniel 4:36 At the same time my reason returned to me; and for the glory of my kingdom, my honor and brightness returned to me...

Daniel 5:18 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor:

2 Peter 1:16,17 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ...

Cross References
Esther 1:3
in the third year of his reign he gave a feast for all his officials and servants. The army of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinces were before him,

Esther 1:5
And when these days were completed, the king gave for all the people present in Susa the citadel, both great and small, a feast lasting for seven days in the court of the garden of the king's palace.

Jump to Previous
Displayed Eighty Excellent Fourscore Full Glorious Glory Grandeur Great Honor Honour Hundred Kingdom Magnificence Majesty Pomp Power Riches Royal Shewed Shewing Showed Splendid Splendor Vast Wealth
Jump to Next
Displayed Eighty Excellent Fourscore Full Glorious Glory Grandeur Great Honor Honour Hundred Kingdom Magnificence Majesty Pomp Power Riches Royal Shewed Shewing Showed Splendid Splendor Vast Wealth
Links
Esther 1:4 NIV
Esther 1:4 NLT
Esther 1:4 ESV
Esther 1:4 NASB
Esther 1:4 KJV

Esther 1:4 Bible Apps
Esther 1:4 Biblia Paralela
Esther 1:4 Chinese Bible
Esther 1:4 French Bible
Esther 1:4 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Esther 1:3
Top of Page
Top of Page