English Standard Version
And you were dead in the trespasses and sins
King James Bible
And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;
American Standard Version
And you did he make alive, when ye were dead through your trespasses and sins,
And you, when you were dead in your offences, and sins,
English Revised Version
And you did he quicken, when ye were dead through your trespasses and sins,
Webster's Bible Translation
And you hath he revived, who were dead in trespasses and sins;
Weymouth New Testament
To you Gentiles also, who were dead through your offences and sins,
Ephesians 2:1 Parallel
CommentaryVincent's Word Studies
Taking up the closing thought of the preceding chapter, the magnitude of God's power toward believers as exhibited in Christ's resurrection. He now shows that the same power is applied to his readers. Hence the connection is: "When He raised Him from the dead, etc., and you did He quicken, even as He quickened Christ." The structure of the passage is broken. Paul having prominently in mind the thought God quickened you as He did Christ, begins with you also. Then the connection is interrupted by Ephesians 2:2, Ephesians 2:3, which describe their previous condition. Then Ephesians 2:1 is taken up in Ephesians 2:4, by but God, God introducing a new sentence.
Who were dead (ὄντας νεκροὺς)
Better, Rev., when ye were dead, thus giving the sense of the continued state in the past expressed by the participle being.
Trespasses - sins (παραπτώμασιν - ἁμαρτίαις)
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
And when the LORD smelled the pleasing aroma, the LORD said in his heart, "I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the intention of man's heart is evil from his youth. Neither will I ever again strike down every living creature as I have done.
For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.' And they began to celebrate.
even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ--by grace you have been saved--
They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart.
for anything that becomes visible is light. Therefore it says, "Awake, O sleeper, and arise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you."
And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses,
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.