Ecclesiastes 9:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
There was a little city with few men in it, and a great king came against it and besieged it, building great siegeworks against it.

King James Bible
There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it:

American Standard Version
There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A little city, and few men in it: there came against it a great king, and invested it, and built bulwarks round about it, and the siege was perfect.

English Revised Version
There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it:

Webster's Bible Translation
There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it:

Ecclesiastes 9:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The white garments, לבּנים, are in contrast to the black robes of mourning, and thus are an expression of festal joy, of a happy mood; black and white are, according to the ancients, colour-symbols, the colours respectively of sorrow and joy, to which light and darkness correspond.

(Note: Cf. Shabbath 114a: "Bury me neither in white nor in black garments: not in white, because perhaps I may not be one of the blessed, and am like a bridegroom among mourners; not in black, because perhaps I may be one of the blessed, and am like a mourner among bridegrooms." Semachoth ii.:10: Him who is outside the congregation, they do not bury with solemnity; the brothers and relatives of such must clothe and veil themselves in white; cf. Joma 39b. Elsewhere white is the colour of innocence, Shabbath 153a, Midrash under Proverbs 16:11; and black the colour of guilt, Kiddushin 40a, etc.)

Fragrant oil is also, according to Proverbs 27:9, one of the heart-refreshing things. Sorrow and anointing exclude one another, 2 Samuel 14:2; joy and oil stand in closest mutual relation, Psalm 45:8; Isaiah 61:3; oil which smooths the hair and makes the face shine (vid., under Psalm 104:15). This oil ought not to be wanting to the head, and thus the perpetuity of a happy life should suffer no interruption.

Ecclesiastes 9:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

there was

2 Samuel 20:15-22 And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench...

2 Kings 6:24-33 And it came to pass after this, that Benhadad king of Syria gathered all his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria...

2 Kings 7:1 Then Elisha said, Hear you the word of the LORD; Thus said the LORD...

Cross References
Luke 19:43
For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you and hem you in on every side

Deuteronomy 20:20
Only the trees that you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down, that you may build siegeworks against the city that makes war with you, until it falls.

2 Samuel 20:16
Then a wise woman called from the city, "Listen! Listen! Tell Joab, 'Come here, that I may speak to you.'"

Ecclesiastes 9:13
I have also seen this example of wisdom under the sun, and it seemed great to me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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