Ecclesiastes 12:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil.

King James Bible
For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

American Standard Version
For God will bring every work into judgment, with every hidden thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all things that are done, God will bring into judgment for every error, whether it be good or evil.

English Revised Version
For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every hidden thing, whether it be good or whether it be evil.

Webster's Bible Translation
For God will bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it is good, or whether it is evil.

Ecclesiastes 12:14 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"O vanity of vanities, saith Koheleth, all is vain." If we here look back to Ecclesiastes 12:7, that which is there said of the spirit can be no consolation. With right, Hofmann in his Schriftbeweis, I 490, says: "That it is the personal spirit of a man which returns to God; and that it returns to God without losing its consciousness, is an idea foreign to this proverb." Also, Psychol. p. 410, it is willingly conceded that the author wished here to express, first, only the fact, in itself comfortless, that the component parts of the human body return whence they came. But the comfortless averse of the proverb is yet not without a consoling reverse. For what the author, Ecclesiastes 3:21, represents as an unsettled possibility, that the spirit of a dying man does not downwards like that of a beast, but upwards, he here affirms as an actual truth.

(Note: In the Rig-Veda that which is immortal in man is called manas; the later language calls it âtman; vid., Muir in the Asiatic Journal, 1865, p. 305.)

From this, that he thus finally decides the question as an advantage to a man above a beast, it follows of necessity that the return of the spirit to God cannot be thought of as a resumption of the spirit into the essence of God (resorption or emanation), as the cessation of his independent existence, although, as also at Job 34:14; Psalm 104:29, the nearest object of the expression is directed to the ruin of the soul-corporeal life of man which directly follows the return of the spirit to God. The same conclusion arises from this, that the idea of the return of the spirit to God, in which the author at last finds rest, cannot yet stand in a subordinate place with reference to the idea of Hades, above which it raises itself; with the latter the spirit remains indestructible, although it has sunk into a silent, inactive life. And in the third place, that conclusion flows from the fact that the author is forced by the present contradiction between human experience and the righteousness of God to the postulate of a judgment finally settling these contradictions, Ecclesiastes 3:17; Ecclesiastes 11:9, cf. Ecclesiastes 12:14, whence it immediately follows that the continued existence of the spirit is thought of as a well-known truth (Psychol. p. 127). The Targ. translates, not against the spirit of the book: "the spirit will return to stand in judgment before God, who gave it to thee." In this connection of thoughts Koheleth says more than what Lucretius says (ii. 998 ss.):

Cedit item retro, de terra quod fuit ante,

In terras, et quod missum est ex aetheris oris

Id rursum caeli rellatum templa receptant.

A comforting thought lies in the words נתנהּ אשׁר. The gifts of God are on His side ἀμεταμέλητα (Romans 11:29). When He receives back that which was given, He receives it back to restore it again in another manner. Such thoughts connect themselves with the reference to God the Giv. Meanwhile the author next aims at showing the vanity of man, viz., of man as living here. Body and spirit are separated, and depart each in its own direction. Not only the world and the labours by which man is encompassed are "vain," and not only is that which man has and does and experiences "vain," but also man himself as such is vain, and thus - this is the facit - all is הבל, "vain."

Ecclesiastes 12:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 11:9 Rejoice, O young man, in your youth; and let your heart cheer you in the days of your youth, and walk in the ways of your heart...

Psalm 96:13 Before the LORD: for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness...

Matthew 12:36 But I say to you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.

Matthew 25:31-46 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory...

Luke 12:1 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, so that they stepped one on another...

John 5:29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil...

Acts 17:30,31 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commands all men every where to repent...

Romans 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.

Romans 14:10-12 But why do you judge your brother? or why do you set at nothing your brother...

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness...

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body...

Revelation 20:11-15 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away...

Cross References
Matthew 10:26
"So have no fear of them, for nothing is covered that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.

Romans 2:16
on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.

1 Corinthians 4:5
Therefore do not pronounce judgment before the time, before the Lord comes, who will bring to light the things now hidden in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. Then each one will receive his commendation from God.

Job 19:29
be afraid of the sword, for wrath brings the punishment of the sword, that you may know there is a judgment."

Psalm 90:8
You have set our iniquities before you, our secret sins in the light of your presence.

Ecclesiastes 3:17
I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the wicked, for there is a time for every matter and for every work.

Ecclesiastes 11:9
Rejoice, O young man, in your youth, and let your heart cheer you in the days of your youth. Walk in the ways of your heart and the sight of your eyes. But know that for all these things God will bring you into judgment.

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