Deuteronomy 32:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They have made me jealous with what is no god; they have provoked me to anger with their idols. So I will make them jealous with those who are no people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

King James Bible
They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

American Standard Version
They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; They have provoked me to anger with their vanities: And I will move them to jealousy with those that are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have provoked me with that which was no god, and have angered me with their vanities: and I will provoke them with that which is no people, and will vex them with a foolish nation.

English Revised Version
They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; They have provoked me to anger with their vanities: And I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those who are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

Deuteronomy 32:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Israel had repaid its God for all these benefits by a base apostasy. - Deuteronomy 32:15. "But Righteous-nation became fat, and struck out - thou becamest fat, thick, gross - and let go God who made him, and despised the rock of his salvation." So much is certain concerning Jeshurun, that it was an honourable surname given to Israel; that it is derived from ישׁר, and describes Israel as a nation of just or right men (a similar description to that given by Balaam in Numbers 23:10), because Jehovah, who is just and right (Deuteronomy 32:4), had called it to uprightness, to walk in His righteousness, and chosen it as His servant (Isaiah 44:2). The prevalent opinion, that Jeshurun is a diminutive, and signifies rectalus, or "little pious" (Ges. and others), has no more foundation than the derivation from Israel, and the explanation, "little Israel," since there is no philological proof that the termination un ever had a diminutive signification in Hebrew (see Hengstenberg, Balaam, p. 415); and an appellatio blanda et charitativa is by no means suitable to this passage, much less to Deuteronomy 33:5. The epithet Righteous-nation, as we may render Jeshurun, was intended to remind Israel of its calling, and involved the serverest reproof of its apostasy. "By placing the name of righteous before Israel, he censured ironically those who had fallen away from righteousness; and by thus reminding them with what dignity they had been endowed, he upbraided them with the more severity for their guilt of perfidy. For in other places (sc., Deuteronomy 33:5, Deuteronomy 33:26) Israel is honoured with an eulogium of the same kind, without any such sinister meaning, but with simple regard to its calling; whilst here Moses shows reproachfully how far they had departed from that pursuit of piety, to the cultivation of which they had been called" (Calvin). The words, "became fat, and struck out," are founded upon the figure of an ox that had become fat, and intractable in consequence (vid., Isaiah 10:27; Hosea 4:16; and for the fact itself, Deuteronomy 6:11; Deuteronomy 8:10; Deuteronomy 31:20). To sharpen this reproof, Moses repeats the thought in the form of a direct address to the people: "Thou hast become fat, stout, gross." Becoming fat led to forsaking God, the Creator and ground of its salvation. "A full stomach does not promote piety, for it stands secure, and neglects God" (Luther). נבּל is no doubt a denom. verb from נבל, lit., to treat as a fool, i.e., to despise (vid., Micah. Deu 7:6).

Deuteronomy 32:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

moved me

Deuteronomy 32:16 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger.

Psalm 78:58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images.

with their vanities

1 Samuel 12:21 And turn you not aside: for then should you go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.

1 Kings 16:13,26 For all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, by which they sinned, and by which they made Israel to sin...

Psalm 31:6 I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I trust in the LORD.

Jeremiah 8:19 Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of my people because of them that dwell in a far country: Is not the LORD in Zion?...

Jeremiah 10:8 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a doctrine of vanities.

Jeremiah 14:22 Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? are not you he, O LORD our God?...

Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.

Acts 11:15 And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning.

I will

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered...

Romans 9:25 As he said also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

Romans 10:19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses said, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people...

Romans 11:11-14 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come to the Gentiles...

1 Peter 2:9,10 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

Cross References
Acts 14:15
"Men, why are you doing these things? We also are men, of like nature with you, and we bring you good news, that you should turn from these vain things to a living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all that is in them.

Romans 10:19
But I ask, did Israel not understand? First Moses says, "I will make you jealous of those who are not a nation; with a foolish nation I will make you angry."

1 Corinthians 10:22
Shall we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he?

Deuteronomy 32:16
They stirred him to jealousy with strange gods; with abominations they provoked him to anger.

Deuteronomy 32:17
They sacrificed to demons that were no gods, to gods they had never known, to new gods that had come recently, whom your fathers had never dreaded.

1 Kings 14:22
And Judah did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins that they committed, more than all that their fathers had done.

1 Kings 16:13
for all the sins of Baasha and the sins of Elah his son, which they sinned and which they made Israel to sin, provoking the LORD God of Israel to anger with their idols.

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