Deuteronomy 32:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
the LORD alone guided him, no foreign god was with him.

King James Bible
So the LORD alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him.

American Standard Version
Jehovah alone did lead him, And there was no foreign god with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord alone was his leader: and there was no strange god with him.

English Revised Version
The LORD alone did lead him, And there was no strange god with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
So the LORD alone did lead him, and there was no strange God with him.

Deuteronomy 32:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Expansion of the theme according to the thought expressed in Deuteronomy 32:5. The perversity of the rebellious generation manifested itself in the fact, that it repaid the Lord, to whom it owed existence and well-being, for all His benefits, with a foolish apostasy from its Creator and Father. This thought is expressed in Deuteronomy 32:6, in a reproachful question addressed to the people, and then supported in Deuteronomy 32:7-14 by an enumeration of the benefits conferred by God, and in Deuteronomy 32:15-18 by a description of the ingratitude of the people.

Deuteronomy 32:6

"Will ye thus repay the Lord? thou foolish people and unwise! Is He not thy Father, who hath founded thee, who hath made thee and prepared thee?" גּמל, the primary idea of which is doubtful, signifies properly to show, or do, for the most part good, but sometimes evil (vid., Psalm 7:5). For the purpose of painting the folly of their apostasy distinctly before the eyes of the people, Moses crowds words together to describe what God was to the nation - "thy Father," to whose love Israel was indebted for its elevation into an independent people: comp. Isaiah 63:16, where Father and Redeemer are synonymous terms, with Isaiah 64:7, God the Father, Israel the clay which He had formed, and Malachi 2:10, where God as Father is said to have created Israel; see also the remarks at Deuteronomy 14:1 on the notion of Israel's sonship. - קונך, He has acquired thee; קנה, κτᾶσθαι, to get, acquire (Genesis 4:1), then so as to involve the idea of κτίζειν (Genesis 14:9), though without being identical with בּרא. It denotes here the founding of Israel as a nation, by its deliverance out of the power of Pharaoh. The verbs which follow (made and established) refer to the elevation and preparation of the redeemed nation, as the nation of the Lord, by the conclusion of a covenant, the giving of the law, and their guidance through the desert.

Deuteronomy 32:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Lord

Deuteronomy 1:31 And in the wilderness, where you have seen how that the LORD your God bore you, as a man does bear his son...

Nehemiah 9:12 Moreover you led them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire...

Psalm 27:11 Teach me your way, O LORD, and lead me in a plain path, because of my enemies.

Psalm 78:14,53,53 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire...

Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; you that dwell between the cherubim, shine forth.

Psalm 136:16 To him which led his people through the wilderness: for his mercy endures for ever.

Isaiah 46:4 And even to your old age I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I carry you: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry...

Isaiah 63:9-13 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them...

no strange

Isaiah 43:11,12 I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no savior...

Isaiah 44:7,8 And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:35
To you it was shown, that you might know that the LORD is God; there is no other besides him.

Deuteronomy 4:39
know therefore today, and lay it to your heart, that the LORD is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other.

Deuteronomy 32:39
"'See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god beside me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.

Psalm 81:9
There shall be no strange god among you; you shall not bow down to a foreign god.

Isaiah 43:12
I declared and saved and proclaimed, when there was no strange god among you; and you are my witnesses," declares the LORD, "and I am God.

Isaiah 63:14
Like livestock that go down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD gave them rest. So you led your people, to make for yourself a glorious name.

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