2 Samuel 23:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he dawns on them like the morning light, like the sun shining forth on a cloudless morning, like rain that makes grass to sprout from the earth.

King James Bible
And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

American Standard Version
He shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, A morning without clouds, When the tender grass'springeth out of the earth, Through clear shining after rain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, shineth in the morning without clouds, and as the grass springeth out of the earth by rain.

English Revised Version
He shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, a morning without clouds; when the tender grass springeth out of the earth, through clear shining after rain.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

2 Samuel 23:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

47 Jehovah liveth, and blessed is my rock,

And the God of my refuge of salvation is exalted.

48 The God who giveth me vengeance,

And bringeth nations under me;

49 Who leadeth me out from mine enemies,

And exalteth me above mine adversaries,

Delivereth me from the man of violence.

The formula חי־יהוה does not mean "let Jehovah live," for the word יחי would be used for that (vid., 2 Samuel 16:16; 1 Samuel 10:24), but is a declaration: "the Lord is living." The declaration itself is to be taken as praise of God, for "praising God is simply ascribing to Him the glorious perfections which belong to him; we have only to give Him what is His own" (Hengstenberg). The following clauses also contain simply declarations; this is evident from the word ירוּם, since the optative ירם would be used to denote a wish. The Lord is living or alive when He manifests His life in acts of omnipotence. In the last clause, the expression צוּר (rock) is intensified into ישׁעי צוּר אלהי (the God of my refuge, or rock, of salvation), i.e., the God who is my saving rock (cf. 2 Samuel 22:3). In the predicates of God in 2 Samuel 22:48, 2 Samuel 22:49, the saving acts depicted by David in vv. 5-20 and 29-46 are summed up briefly. Instead of מוריד, "He causes to go down under me," i.e., He subjects to me, we find in the psalm ויּדבּר, "He drives nations under me," and מפלטי instead of מוציאי; and lastly, instead of חמס אישׁ in the psalm, we have here חמסים אישׁ, as in Psalm 140:2. Therefore the praise of the Lord shall be sounded among all nations.

2 Samuel 23:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as the light

Judges 5:31 So let all your enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goes forth in his might...

Psalm 89:36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.

Psalm 110:3 Your people shall be willing in the day of your power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning...

Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shines more and more to the perfect day.

Isaiah 60:1,3,18-20 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen on you...

Hosea 6:5 Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth...

Malachi 4:2 But to you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and you shall go forth...

Luke 1:78,79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high has visited us...

John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.

mourning

Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come to us as the rain...

tender

Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain on the tender herb...

Psalm 72:6 He shall come down like rain on the mown grass: as showers that water the earth.

Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious...

Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the middle of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers on the grass...

Cross References
Judges 5:31
"So may all your enemies perish, O LORD! But your friends be like the sun as he rises in his might." And the land had rest for forty years.

Psalm 72:6
May he be like rain that falls on the mown grass, like showers that water the earth!

Proverbs 4:18
But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, which shines brighter and brighter until full day.

Isaiah 18:4
For thus the LORD said to me: "I will quietly look from my dwelling like clear heat in sunshine, like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest."

Malachi 4:2
But for you who fear my name, the sun of righteousness shall rise with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall.

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