2 Samuel 23:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He was the most renowned of the thirty and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three.

King James Bible
Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

American Standard Version
Was he not most honorable of the three? therefore he was made their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the noblest of three, and was their chief, but to the three first he attained not.

English Revised Version
Was he not most honourable of the three? therefore he was made their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

Webster's Bible Translation
Was he not most honorable of three? therefore he was their captain: yet he attained not to the first three.

2 Samuel 23:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To this deed there is appended a similar heroic feat performed by three of the thirty heroes whose names are not given. The Chethib שׁלשׁים is evidently a slip of the pen for שׁלשׁה (Keri and Chronicles). The thirty chiefs are the heroes named afterwards. As שׁלשׁה has no article either in our text or the Chronicles, the three intended are not the three already mentioned (Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah), but three others out of the number mentioned in 2 Samuel 23:24. These three came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam (see at 1 Samuel 22:1), when a troop of the Philistines was encamped in the valley of Rephaim, and David was on the mountain fortress, and a Philistian post was then in Bethlehem. And David longed for water, and said, "Oh that one would bring me water to drink out of the well of Bethlehem at the gate!" The encampment of the Philistines in the valley of Rephaim, and the position of David on the mountain fortress (בּמּצוּדה), render it probable that the feat mentioned here took place in the war with the Philistines described in 2 Samuel 5:17. Robinson could not discover any well in Bethlehem, "especially none 'by the gate,' except one connected with the aqueduct on the south" (Palestine, vol. ii. p. 158). בּשּׁער need not be understood, however, as signifying that the well was in or under the gate; but the well referred to may have been at the gate outside the city. The well to which tradition has given the name of "David's well" (cisterna David), is about a quarter of an hour's walk to the north-east of Bethlehem, and, according to Robinson's description, is "merely a deep and wide cistern or cavern now dry, with three or four narrow openings cut in the rock." But Ritter (Erdk. xvi. p. 286) describes it as "deep with clear cool water, into which there are three openings from above, which Tobler speaks of as bored;" and again as a cistern "built with peculiar beauty, from seventeen to twenty-one feet deep, whilst a house close by is pointed out to pilgrims as Jesse's house."

2 Samuel 23:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he attained

2 Samuel 23:9,13,16 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David...

1 Chronicles 11:25 Behold, he was honorable among the thirty, but attained not to the first three: and David set him over his guard.

Matthew 13:8,23 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundred times, some sixty times, some thirty times...

1 Corinthians 15:41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars...

Cross References
2 Samuel 23:18
Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against three hundred men and killed them and won a name beside the three.

2 Samuel 23:20
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two ariels of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
2 Samuel 23:18
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