2 Samuel 22:47
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“The LORD lives, and blessed be my rock, and exalted be my God, the rock of my salvation,

King James Bible
The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

American Standard Version
Jehovah liveth; And blessed be my rock; And exalted be God, the rock of my salvation,

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord liveth, and my God is blessed: and the strong God of my salvation shall be exalted:

English Revised Version
The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation:

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

2 Samuel 22:47 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

38 I will pursue my enemies and destroy them,

I will not turn till they are consumed.

39 I will consume them and dash them in pieces, that they may not arise,

And may fall under my feet.

40 And Thou girdest me with strength for war,

Thou bowest mine adversaries under me.

41 And Thou makest mine enemies turn the back to me;

My haters, I root them out.

The optative form ארדּפה serves to make the future signification of ארדּף (in the psalm) the more apparent. Consequently it is quite out of the question to take the other verbs as preterites. We are not compelled to do this by the interchange of imperfects c. vav consec. with simple imperfects, as the vav consec. is not used exclusively as expressive of the past. On the contrary, the substance of the whole of the following description shows very clearly that David refers not only to the victories he has already won, but in general to the defeat of all his foes in the past, the present, and the future; for he speaks as distinctly as possible not only of their entire destruction (2 Samuel 22:38, 2 Samuel 22:39, 2 Samuel 22:43), but also of the fact that God makes him the head of the nations, and distant and foreign nations to him homage. Consequently he refers not only to his own personal dominion, but also, on the strength of the promise which he had received from God, to the increase of the dominion of the throne of his house, whilst he proclaims in the Spirit the ultimate defeat of all the enemies of the kingdom of God. This Messianic element in the following description comes out in a way that cannot be mistaken, in the praise of the Lord with which he concludes in 2 Samuel 22:47-51. ואשׁמידם, "I destroy them," is stronger than ואשּׂיגם, "I reach them" (in the psalm). In 2 Samuel 22:39 the words are crowded together, to express the utter destruction of all foes. In the psalm ואכלּם is omitted. ותּזרני for ותּאזּרני in the psalm is not a poetical Syriasm, and still less a "careless solecism" (Hupfeld), but a simple contraction, such as we meet with in many forms: e.g., מלּפנוּ for מאלּפנוּ (Job 35:11; cf. Ewald, 232, b.). The form תּתּה for נתתּה (in the psalm) is unusual, and the aphaeresis of the נ can only be accounted for from the fact that this much-used word constantly drops its נ as a radical sound in the imperfect (see Ewald, 195, c.). The phrase ערף לּי תּתּה is formed after Exodus 23:27. "Giving the enemy to a person's back" means causing them to turn the back, i.e., putting them to flight.

2 Samuel 22:47 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Lord

Deuteronomy 32:29,40 O that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end!...

Job 19:25 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the latter day on the earth:

the rock of

Psalm 89:26 He shall cry to me, You are my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.

Luke 1:47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.

Cross References
Exodus 15:2
The LORD is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation; this is my God, and I will praise him, my father's God, and I will exalt him.

2 Samuel 22:3
my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; you save me from violence.

Psalm 89:26
He shall cry to me, 'You are my Father, my God, and the Rock of my salvation.'

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