2 Samuel 22:45
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Foreigners came cringing to me; as soon as they heard of me, they obeyed me.

King James Bible
Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

American Standard Version
The foreigners shall submit themselves unto me: As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sons of the stranger will resist me, at the hearing of the ear they will obey me.

English Revised Version
The strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Strangers shall submit themselves to me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient to me.

2 Samuel 22:45 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

38 I will pursue my enemies and destroy them,

I will not turn till they are consumed.

39 I will consume them and dash them in pieces, that they may not arise,

And may fall under my feet.

40 And Thou girdest me with strength for war,

Thou bowest mine adversaries under me.

41 And Thou makest mine enemies turn the back to me;

My haters, I root them out.

The optative form ארדּפה serves to make the future signification of ארדּף (in the psalm) the more apparent. Consequently it is quite out of the question to take the other verbs as preterites. We are not compelled to do this by the interchange of imperfects c. vav consec. with simple imperfects, as the vav consec. is not used exclusively as expressive of the past. On the contrary, the substance of the whole of the following description shows very clearly that David refers not only to the victories he has already won, but in general to the defeat of all his foes in the past, the present, and the future; for he speaks as distinctly as possible not only of their entire destruction (2 Samuel 22:38, 2 Samuel 22:39, 2 Samuel 22:43), but also of the fact that God makes him the head of the nations, and distant and foreign nations to him homage. Consequently he refers not only to his own personal dominion, but also, on the strength of the promise which he had received from God, to the increase of the dominion of the throne of his house, whilst he proclaims in the Spirit the ultimate defeat of all the enemies of the kingdom of God. This Messianic element in the following description comes out in a way that cannot be mistaken, in the praise of the Lord with which he concludes in 2 Samuel 22:47-51. ואשׁמידם, "I destroy them," is stronger than ואשּׂיגם, "I reach them" (in the psalm). In 2 Samuel 22:39 the words are crowded together, to express the utter destruction of all foes. In the psalm ואכלּם is omitted. ותּזרני for ותּאזּרני in the psalm is not a poetical Syriasm, and still less a "careless solecism" (Hupfeld), but a simple contraction, such as we meet with in many forms: e.g., מלּפנוּ for מאלּפנוּ (Job 35:11; cf. Ewald, 232, b.). The form תּתּה for נתתּה (in the psalm) is unusual, and the aphaeresis of the נ can only be accounted for from the fact that this much-used word constantly drops its נ as a radical sound in the imperfect (see Ewald, 195, c.). The phrase ערף לּי תּתּה is formed after Exodus 23:27. "Giving the enemy to a person's back" means causing them to turn the back, i.e., putting them to flight.

2 Samuel 22:45 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Strangers [heb] Sons of the stranger

Isaiah 56:3,6 Neither let the son of the stranger, that has joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying...

submit themselves. or, yield feigned obedience [heb] lie

Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy are you, O Israel: who is like to you, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help...

Psalm 18:44,45 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves to me...

Psalm 66:3 Say to God, How terrible are you in your works! through the greatness of your power shall your enemies submit themselves to you.

Psalm 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves to him: but their time should have endured for ever.

Acts 8:13,21-23 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:29
Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help, and the sword of your triumph! Your enemies shall come fawning to you, and you shall tread upon their backs."

Psalm 66:3
Say to God, "How awesome are your deeds! So great is your power that your enemies come cringing to you.

Psalm 81:15
Those who hate the LORD would cringe toward him, and their fate would last forever.

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Authority Countries Cringing Dwindle Ears False. Feign Foreigners Hear Heard Hearken Hearts Obedience Obedient Obey Obeyed Pretend Soon Stranger Strangers Submit Themselves Time
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