2 Samuel 21:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These four were descended from the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

King James Bible
These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

American Standard Version
These four were born to the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These four were born of Arapha in Geth, and they fell by the hand of David, and of his servants.

English Revised Version
These four were born to the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

Webster's Bible Translation
These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

2 Samuel 21:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Heroic Acts Performed in the Wars with the Philistines. - The brief accounts contained in these verses of different heroic feats were probably taken from a history of David's wars drawn up in the form of chronicles, and are introduced here as practical proofs of the gracious deliverance of David out of the hand of all his foes, for which he praises the Lord his God in the psalm of thanksgiving which follows, so that the enumeration of these feats is to be regarded as supplying a historical basis for the psalm.

2 Samuel 21:15-16

The Philistines had war with Israel again. עוד (again) refers generally to earlier wars with the Philistines, and has probably been taken without alteration from the chronicles employed by our author, where the account which follows was attached to notices of other wars. This may be gathered from the books of the Chronicles, where three of the heroic feats mentioned here are attached to the general survey of David's wars (vid., 1 Chronicles 20:4). David was exhausted in this fight, and a Philistian giant thought to slay him; but Abishai came to his help and slew the giant. He was called Yishbo benob (Keri, Yishbi), i.e., not Yishbo at Nob, but Yishbobenob, a proper name, the meaning of which is probably "his dwelling is on the height," and which may have been given to him because of his inaccessible castle. He was one of the descendants of Raphah, i.e., one of the gigantic race of Rephaim. Raphah was the tribe-father of the Rephaim, an ancient tribe of gigantic stature, of whom only a few families were left even in Moses' time (vid., Deuteronomy 2:11; Deuteronomy 3:11, Deuteronomy 3:13, and the commentary on Genesis 14:5). The weight of his lance, i.e., of the metal point to his lance, was three hundred shekels, or eight pounds, of brass, half as much as the spear of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:7); "and he was girded with new armour." Bttcher has no doubt given the correct explanation of the word חדשׁה; he supposes the feminine to be used in a collective sense, so that the noun ("armour," כּליו) could be dispensed with. (For parallels both to the words and facts, vid., Judges 18:11 and Deuteronomy 1:41.) ויּאמר, he said (sc., to himself), i.e., he thought.

2 Samuel 21:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

four

1 Chronicles 20:8 These were born to the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

fell by

Joshua 14:12 Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spoke in that day; for you heard in that day how the Anakims were there...

Psalm 60:12 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.

Psalm 108:13 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.

Psalm 118:15 The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tabernacles of the righteous: the right hand of the LORD does valiantly.

Ecclesiastes 9:11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise...

Jeremiah 9:23 Thus said the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might...

Romans 8:31,37 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us...

Cross References
2 Samuel 21:16
And Ishbi-benob, one of the descendants of the giants, whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of bronze, and who was armed with a new sword, thought to kill David.

2 Samuel 21:21
And when he taunted Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David's brother, struck him down.

1 Chronicles 20:8
These were descended from the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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