English Standard Version
And when he taunted Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David’s brother, struck him down.
King James Bible
And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him.
American Standard Version
And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David's brother, slew him.
And he reproached Israel: and Jonathan the son of Samae the brother of David slew him.
English Revised Version
And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei David's brother slew him.
Webster's Bible Translation
And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him.
2 Samuel 21:21 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
Heroic Acts Performed in the Wars with the Philistines. - The brief accounts contained in these verses of different heroic feats were probably taken from a history of David's wars drawn up in the form of chronicles, and are introduced here as practical proofs of the gracious deliverance of David out of the hand of all his foes, for which he praises the Lord his God in the psalm of thanksgiving which follows, so that the enumeration of these feats is to be regarded as supplying a historical basis for the psalm.
The Philistines had war with Israel again. עוד (again) refers generally to earlier wars with the Philistines, and has probably been taken without alteration from the chronicles employed by our author, where the account which follows was attached to notices of other wars. This may be gathered from the books of the Chronicles, where three of the heroic feats mentioned here are attached to the general survey of David's wars (vid., 1 Chronicles 20:4). David was exhausted in this fight, and a Philistian giant thought to slay him; but Abishai came to his help and slew the giant. He was called Yishbo benob (Keri, Yishbi), i.e., not Yishbo at Nob, but Yishbobenob, a proper name, the meaning of which is probably "his dwelling is on the height," and which may have been given to him because of his inaccessible castle. He was one of the descendants of Raphah, i.e., one of the gigantic race of Rephaim. Raphah was the tribe-father of the Rephaim, an ancient tribe of gigantic stature, of whom only a few families were left even in Moses' time (vid., Deuteronomy 2:11; Deuteronomy 3:11, Deuteronomy 3:13, and the commentary on Genesis 14:5). The weight of his lance, i.e., of the metal point to his lance, was three hundred shekels, or eight pounds, of brass, half as much as the spear of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:7); "and he was girded with new armour." Bttcher has no doubt given the correct explanation of the word חדשׁה; he supposes the feminine to be used in a collective sense, so that the noun ("armour," כּליו) could be dispensed with. (For parallels both to the words and facts, vid., Judges 18:11 and Deuteronomy 1:41.) ויּאמר, he said (sc., to himself), i.e., he thought.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
defied. or, reproached
1 Samuel 17:10
And the Philistine said, "I defy the ranks of Israel this day. Give me a man, that we may fight together."
2 Samuel 21:20
And there was again war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, who had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in number, and he also was descended from the giants.
2 Samuel 21:22
These four were descended from the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.
Jump to PreviousDavid David's Death Defied Israel Jonathan Killed Purposing Reproacheth Shame Shimea Shimeah Shimei Shim'e-I Slew Smite Smote Struck Taunted
Jump to NextDavid David's Death Defied Israel Jonathan Killed Purposing Reproacheth Shame Shimea Shimeah Shimei Shim'e-I Slew Smite Smote Struck Taunted
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.