1 Samuel 8:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He will take the best of your fields and vineyards and olive orchards and give them to his servants.

King James Bible
And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

American Standard Version
And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your best oliveyards, and give them to his servants.

English Revised Version
And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your olive-yards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

1 Samuel 8:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Nevertheless "the thing displeased Samuel when they said," etc. This serves to explain הדּבר, and precludes the supposition that Samuel's displeasure had reference to what they had said concerning his own age and the conduct of his sons. At the same time, the reason why the petition for a king displeased the prophet, was not that he regarded the earthly monarchy as irreconcilable with the sovereignty of God, or even as untimely; for in both these cases he would not have entered into the question at all, but would simply have refused the request as ungodly or unseasonable. But "Samuel prayed to the Lord," i.e., he laid the matter before the Lord in prayer, and the Lord said (1 Samuel 8:7): "Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee." This clearly implies, that not only in Samuel's opinion, but also according to the counsel of God, the time had really come for the establishment of the earthly sovereignty in Israel. In this respect the request of the elders for a king to reign over them was perfectly justifiable; and there is no reason to say, with Calvin, "they ought to have had regard to the times and conditions prescribed by God, and it would no doubt have come to pass that the regal power would have grown up in the nation. Although, therefore, it had not yet been established, they ought to have waited patiently for the time appointed by God, and not to have given way to their own reasons and counsels apart from the will of God." For God had not only appointed no particular time for the establishment of the monarchy; but in the introduction to the law for the king, "When thou shalt say, I will set a king over me," He had ceded the right to the representatives of the nation to deliberate upon the matter. Nor did they err in this respect, that while Samuel was still living, it was not the proper time to make use of the permission that they had received; for they assigned as the reason for their application, that Samuel had grown old: consequently they did not petition for a king instead of the prophet who had been appointed and so gloriously accredited by God, but simply that Samuel himself would give them a king in consideration of his own age, in order that when he should become feeble or die, they might have a judge and leader of the nation. Nevertheless the Lord declared, "They have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. As they have always done from the day that I brought them up out of Egypt unto this day, that they have forsaken me and served other gods, so do they also unto thee." This verdict on the part of God refers not so much to the desire expressed, as to the feelings from which it had sprung. Externally regarded, the elders of Israel had a perfect right to present the request; the wrong was in their hearts.

(Note: Calvin has correctly pointed out how much would have been warrantable under the circumstances: "They might, indeed, have reminded Samuel of his old age, which rendered him less able to attend to the duties of his office, and also of the avarice of his sons and the corruptness of the judges; or they might have complained that his sons did not walk in his footsteps, and have asked that God would choose suitable men to govern them, and thus have left the whole thing to His will. And if they had done this, there can be no doubt that they would have received a gracious and suitable answer. But they did not think of calling upon God; they demanded that a king should be given them, and brought forward the customs and institutions of other nations.")

They not only declared to the prophet their confidence in his administration of his office, but they implicitly declared him incapable of any further superintendence of their civil and political affairs. This mistrust was founded upon mistrust in the Lord and His guidance. In the person of Samuel they rejected the Lord and His rule. They wanted a king, because they imagined that Jehovah their God-king was not able to secure their constant prosperity. Instead of seeking for the cause of the misfortunes which had hitherto befallen them in their own sin and want of fidelity towards Jehovah, they searched for it in the faulty constitution of the nation itself. In such a state of mind as this, their desire for a king was a contempt and rejection of the kingly government of Jehovah, and was nothing more than forsaking Jehovah to serve other gods. (See 1 Samuel 10:18-19, and 1 Samuel 12:7., where Samuel points out to the people still more fully the wrong that they have committed.)

1 Samuel 8:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 22:7 Then Saul said to his servants that stood about him, Hear now, you Benjamites...

1 Kings 21:7,19 And Jezebel his wife said to him, Do you now govern the kingdom of Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let your heart be merry...

Ezekiel 46:18 Moreover the prince shall not take of the people's inheritance by oppression, to thrust them out of their possession...

Cross References
1 Samuel 8:13
He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers.

1 Samuel 8:15
He will take the tenth of your grain and of your vineyards and give it to his officers and to his servants.

1 Kings 21:2
And after this Ahab said to Naboth, "Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a vegetable garden, because it is near my house, and I will give you a better vineyard for it; or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its value in money."

1 Kings 21:7
And Jezebel his wife said to him, "Do you now govern Israel? Arise and eat bread and let your heart be cheerful; I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite."

Ezekiel 46:18
The prince shall not take any of the inheritance of the people, thrusting them out of their property. He shall give his sons their inheritance out of his own property, so that none of my people shall be scattered from his property."

Jump to Previous
Attendants Best Olive Olive-Gardens Oliveyards Olive-Yards Orchards Servants Vine-Gardens Vineyards
Jump to Next
Attendants Best Olive Olive-Gardens Oliveyards Olive-Yards Orchards Servants Vine-Gardens Vineyards
Links
1 Samuel 8:14 NIV
1 Samuel 8:14 NLT
1 Samuel 8:14 ESV
1 Samuel 8:14 NASB
1 Samuel 8:14 KJV

1 Samuel 8:14 Bible Apps
1 Samuel 8:14 Biblia Paralela
1 Samuel 8:14 Chinese Bible
1 Samuel 8:14 French Bible
1 Samuel 8:14 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
1 Samuel 8:13
Top of Page
Top of Page